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1.
Euro Surveill ; 27(31)2022 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1987415

ABSTRACT

Following the report of an excess in paediatric cases of severe acute hepatitis of unknown aetiology by the United Kingdom (UK) on 5 April 2022, 427 cases were reported from 20 countries in the World Health Organization European Region to the European Surveillance System TESSy from 1 January 2022 to 16 June 2022. Here, we analysed demographic, epidemiological, clinical and microbiological data available in TESSy. Of the reported cases, 77.3% were 5 years or younger and 53.5% had a positive test for adenovirus, 10.4% had a positive RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2 and 10.3% were coinfected with both pathogens. Cases with adenovirus infections were significantly more likely to be admitted to intensive care or high-dependency units (OR = 2.11; 95% CI: 1.18-3.74) and transplanted (OR = 3.36; 95% CI: 1.19-9.55) than cases with a negative test result for adenovirus, but this was no longer observed when looking at this association separately between the UK and other countries. Aetiological studies are needed to ascertain if adenovirus plays a role in this possible emergence of hepatitis cases in children and, if confirmed, the mechanisms that could be involved.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hepatitis A , Child , Europe/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Euro Surveill ; 27(7)2022 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1701894

ABSTRACT

BackgroundUniversal SARS-CoV-2 testing at hospital admission has been proposed to prevent nosocomial transmission.AimTo investigate SARS-CoV-2 positivity in patients tested with low clinical COVID-19 suspicion at hospital admission.MethodsWe characterised a retrospective cohort of patients admitted to Karolinska University Hospital tested for SARS-CoV-2 by PCR from March to September 2020, supplemented with an in-depth chart review (16 March-12 April). We compared positivity rates in patients with and without clinical COVID-19 suspicion with Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. We used multivariable logistic regression to identify factors associated with test positivity.ResultsFrom March to September 2020, 66.9% (24,245/36,249) admitted patient episodes were tested; of those, 61.2% (14,830/24,245) showed no clinical COVID-19 suspicion, and the positivity rate was 3.2% (469/14,830). There was a strong correlation of SARS-CoV-2 positivity in patients with low vs high COVID-19 suspicion (rho = 0.92; p < 0.001).From 16 March to 12 April, the positivity rate was 3.9% (58/1,482) in individuals with low COVID-19 suspicion, and 3.1% (35/1,114) in asymptomatic patients. Rates were higher in women (5.0%; 45/893) vs men (2.0%; 12/589; p = 0.003), but not significantly different if pregnant women were excluded (3.7% (21/566) vs 2.2% (12/589); p = 0.09). Factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 positivity were testing of pregnant women before delivery (odds ratio (OR): 2.6; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.3-5.4) and isolated symptoms in adults (OR: 3.3; 95% CI: 1.8-6.3).ConclusionsThis study shows a relatively high SARS-CoV-2 positivity rate in patients with low COVID-19 suspicion upon hospital admission. Universal SARS-CoV-2 testing of pregnant women before delivery should be considered.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Adult , COVID-19 Testing , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Sweden/epidemiology , Tertiary Care Centers
3.
Euro Surveill ; 26(49)2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1566616

ABSTRACT

We collected data from 10 EU/EEA countries on 240 COVID-19 outbreaks occurring from July-October 2021 in long-term care facilities with high vaccination coverage. Among 17,268 residents, 3,832 (22.2%) COVID-19 cases were reported. Median attack rate was 18.9% (country range: 2.8-52.4%), 17.4% of cases were hospitalised, 10.2% died. In fully vaccinated residents, adjusted relative risk for COVID-19 increased with outbreak attack rate. Findings highlight the importance of early outbreak detection and rapid containment through effective infection prevention and control measures.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control , Humans , Incidence , Long-Term Care , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Oncol Lett ; 20(1): 441-447, 2020 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-626618

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has caused unprecedented societal turmoil, triggering a rapid, still ongoing, transformation of healthcare provision on a global level. In this new landscape, it is highly important to acknowledge the challenges this pandemic poses on the care of the particularly vulnerable cancer patients and the subsequent psychosocial impact on them. We have outlined our clinical experience in managing patients with gastrointestinal, hematological, gynaecological, dermatological, neurological, thyroid, lung and paediatric cancers in the COVID-19 era and have reviewed the emerging literature around barriers to care of oncology patients and how this crisis affects them. Moreover, evolving treatment strategies and novel ways of addressing the needs of oncology patients in the new context of the pandemic are discussed.

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