Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 7 de 7
Filter
1.
IOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science ; 1164(1):011001, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2313029

ABSTRACT

International Conference on Geospatial Science for Digital Earth Observation (GSDEO 2021)The international conference on "Geospatial Science for Digital Earth Observation” (GSDEO) 2021 was successfully held on a virtual platform of Zoom on March 26th and 27th, 2021. The conference was jointly organized by the Indian Society of Remote Sensing (ISRS), Kolkata chapter, and the Department of Geography, School of Basic and Applied Sciences, Adamas University. Due to the non-predictable behaviour of the COVID-19 second wave, which imposed restrictions on organizing offline events, the GSDEO (2021) organizing committee decided to organize the conference online, instead of postponing the event.Remotely sensed data and geographic information systems have been increasingly used together for a vast range of applications, which include land use/land cover mapping, water resource management, weather forecasting, environmental monitoring, agriculture, disaster management, etc. Currently, intensive research is being carried out using remotely sensed data on the geoinformatics platform. New developments have led to dynamic advances in recent years. The objective of the international conference on Geospatial Science for Digital Earth Observation (GSDEO 2021) was to bring the scientists, academicians, and researchers, in the field of geo-environmental sciences on a common platform to exchange ideas and their recent findings related to the latest advances and applications of geospatial science. The call for papers received an enthusiastic response from the academic community, and over 100+ participants from 50+ colleges, universities, and institutions participated in the conference. In total 50+ research papers had been presented through the virtual Zoom conference platform in GSDEO 2021.The conference witnessed the presentation of research papers from diverse applied fields of geospatial sciences, which include the application of geoinformatics in geomorphology, hydrology, urban science, land use planning, climate, and environmental studies. There were four sessions namely, TS 1: Geomorphology and Hydrology, TS 2: Urban Science, TS 3: Social Sustainability and Land Use Planning, and TS 4: Climate and Environment. Each session was further subdivided, into two parts, namely Technical Session 1-A and 1-B. Each sub-session had been designed with one keynote speech and 5 oral presentations. Oral sessions were organized in two parts and offered through live and pre-recorded components based on the preference of the presenters. The presentation session was followed by a live Q&A session. The session chairs moderated the discussions. Similarly, poster sessions were organized in three parts and offered e-poster, live, and pre-recorded components. The best presenter of each sub-session received the best paper award.Dr. Prithvish Nag, Ex-Director of NATMO & Ex Surveyor General of India delivered the inaugural speech, and Dr. P. Chakrabarti, Former Chief Scientist of the DST&B, Govt. of West Bengal delivered a special lecture after the inaugural session. Eight eminent keynote speakers, Prof. S.P. Agarwal from the Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, Prof. Ashis Kumar Paul from Vidyasagar University, Prof. Soumya Kanti Ghosh from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, Prof. L. N. Satpati from the University of Calcutta, Prof. R.B. Singh from the University of Delhi, Dr. A.K. Raha, IFS (Retd), Prof. Gerald Mills from the University College Dublin and Prof. Sugata Hazra from Jadavpur University enriched the knowledge of participants in the field of geoinformatics by their informative lectures. The presentations and discussions widely covered the various spectrums of geoinformatics and its application in monitoring natural resources like vegetation mapping, agricultural resource monitoring, forest health assessment, water, and ocean resource management, disaster management, land resource management, water and climate studies, drought vulnerability assessment, groundwater quality monitoring, accretion mapping and the use of geospatial sci nce in studying morphological, hydrological, and other biophysical characteristics of a region etc. Application of geoinformatics in predicting urban expansion, urban climate, disaster management, healthcare accessibility, anthropogenic resource monitoring, spatial-interaction mapping, and, sustainable regional planning were well-discussed topics of the conference.List of Committees, photos are available in the pdf.

2.
Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences ; 21(3), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2169183

ABSTRACT

Healthcare innovations are one of the drivers of healthcare sector growth in India. Innovation policies are challenging because of the uncertainty regarding the outcome of the innovations. Hence, there is a need to understand the interface between policies and healthcare innovations to identify gaps and propose timely recommendations. Accordingly, this study uses the Indian healthcare start-up sector as a case study to analyse the above linkages, gaps and propose recommendations. Methodology: Quantitative data from the Start-up India portal along with qualitative data from key informant interviews have been analysed to draw insights. Findings: Healthcare start-ups have made significant contributions to the economy and healthcare sector, but there are gaps and room for improvement especially in the areas of awareness, funding and mentoring. Conclusions: Based on the study findings a conceptual framework has been created for understanding the nature of gaps and their linkages in the healthcare innovation lifecycle. © This work is licensed under a Creative Commons AttributionNo Derivative Works 2.5 India License

3.
Osteopathic Family Physician ; 14(5):22-26, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2091640

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic placed a spotlight on both the successes and the needs across the spectrum of the healthcare system. The trusting, enduring relationships developed within the primary care setting served as an important foundation on which to build response strategies throughout the pandemic. Early detection and testing, implementation of telehealth, delivery of continuous comprehensive care, and vaccine education and administration are all key areas where primary care and public health systems successfully served patients and community. Emerging national research from the COVID-19 pandemic experience has also demonstrated the reduction in COVID-19 infection and death rates through the synergy between primary care, public health and social factors, emphasizing once again the critical role these services play and the importance of developing integration strategies for the future. In particular, the COVID-19 experience within the university setting served as a key example of this integration and synergy in action. As osteopathic family physicians, these experiences can serve as lessons learned toward embracing the opportunity afforded by our unique training, expertise and commitment to the osteopathic philosophy. Copyright © 2022 by the American College of Osteopathic Family Physicians. All rights reserved.

4.
Minerva Psychiatry ; 62(3):140-155, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1488924

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The outbreak of COVID-19 and the consequential isolation measures have significantly threatened the mental well-being of the public. Previous research suggests that a pandemic may result in the lifelong prevalence of psychological morbidities. EVIDENCEACQUISITION: Studies that reported the prevalence of depression, anxiety, stress, insomnia as a response to the pandemic, across several populations in PubMed and ScienceDirect databases, were included. Of the 136 studies included, 45 studies were on the general population, 45 on healthcare workers, 18 on students and young adults, 9 on psychiatric patients, 3 on COVID-19 patients and 16 on other populations. EVIDENCESYNTHESIS: Though the results across populations were inconsistent, all populations exhibited elevated levels of depression, anxiety and associated psychological symptoms (like posttraumatic stress disorder, stress, insomnia). Acomparison among the populations revealed that healthcare workers (especially frontline workers) were at the highest risk of mental health problems. Other risk factors included: being female, younger, single/divorced/widowed and having a history of mental illness. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 is not just a threat to physical health but also the mental health of the public. Further research is needed in this aspect. There also exists a need to identify vulnerable populations and design suitable psycho-logical interventions.

5.
International Journal of Modeling Simulation and Scientific Computing ; 12(03):26, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1304255

ABSTRACT

The total number of infections (epidemic size), and the time needed for the infection to die out (epidemic duration), represent two of the main indicators for the measuring gravity of infectious disease epidemics in humans. A few attempts have been made to address the problem of controlling both the epidemic size and duration simultaneously from a theoretical point of view, by primarily using the Optimal control theory. In this study, a multi-objective optimal control problem has been simulated to gauge the success of the lockdowns in India. To accomplish this objective, a system dynamics modeling was used to simulate the Susceptible-Infected-Quarantined-Removed epidemic model. A set of sensitivity experiments for different scenarios allows illustrating the model's behavior and its value for decision-makers regarding the lockdown intensity. The simulation of the model presents various scenarios, wherein the cost-benefit analysis of lockdown was done. Notably, the lockdown success intensity was defined, post which, the findings indicate that the states of Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Panjab, Jammu, Kashmir, Haryana, and Bihar have achieved more than 90% lockdown success intensity. Further, it was observed that these states could effectively implement lockdowns by strictly enforcing social distancing measures during the early stages of the virus spread, which in turn resulted in the high success rate of lockdowns.

6.
Health Policy and Technology ; 10(1):16-20, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1171773

ABSTRACT

Scientific abstract: The ongoing pandemic of the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has adversely affected the health and wealth of nations worldwide. While this negative impact is very visible, it has also resulted in subtle positive growth of innovative health technologies. This article identifies the critical role of Health Technology Assessment (HTA) in analyzing innovations in health technology, using a case study from India. The first HTA on COVID-19 health technology from India, using the framework from the recent HTA definition, conducted on the innovative FNCAS9 Editor-Limited Uniform Detection Assay (FELUDA) diagnostic test shows the potential of HTA in health innovations in low and middle-income country (LMIC) settings. Hence, while COVID-19 has opened windows of opportunities for health innovation and entrepreneurship worldwide, HTA can play a critical role in ensuring the smooth confluence of technology, innovation and policy to ensure the positive impact of health innovation in addressing this pandemic and beyond. An integrated systems framework linking HTA with health innovation ecosystem is presented to conceptualize this link. Public interest abstract: The use of HTA for assessing impact of health innovations has been extremely low in India and other LMICs. The World Health Organization (WHO) in its definition of health innovations considers optimizing or improving performance of the health systems as the overarching goal of health innovation. The new definition of HTA also explicitly links the goals of HTA with that of the health systems objectives of efficiency, equity and quality. Technology embodies applicable knowledge that arises out of science, but not all technologies add value to health systems. In this case study, innovation was applied to create a novel technology (FELUDA) to address a void in testing capacity, while HTA was a tool used to assess the impact of this technology for health system and provide evidence for policy. This case study shows the potential for HTA to guide efficient, equitable and ethical policies for societal benefit. It is important that policy makers in LMICs recognize the role of HTA in assessing the value of health innovations and streamline policies based on evidence. A systems approach to HTA and health innovation is needed for optimizing the use of HTA in health innovations. (C) 2021 Fellowship of Postgraduate Medicine. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

7.
Health Policy and Technology ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1103924

ABSTRACT

Scientific abstract: The ongoing pandemic of the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has adversely affected the health and wealth of nations worldwide. While this negative impact is very visible, it has also resulted in subtle positive growth of innovative health technologies. This article identifies the critical role of Health Technology Assessment (HTA) in analyzing innovations in health technology, using a case study from India. The first HTA on COVID-19 health technology from India, using the framework from the recent HTA definition, conducted on the innovative FNCAS9 Editor-Limited Uniform Detection Assay (FELUDA) diagnostic test shows the potential of HTA in health innovations in low and middle-income country (LMIC) settings. Hence, while COVID-19 has opened windows of opportunities for health innovation and entrepreneurship worldwide, HTA can play a critical role in ensuring the smooth confluence of technology, innovation and policy to ensure the positive impact of health innovation in addressing this pandemic and beyond. An integrated systems framework linking HTA with health innovation ecosystem is presented to conceptualize this link. Public interest abstract: The use of HTA for assessing impact of health innovations has been extremely low in India and other LMICs. The World Health Organization (WHO) in its definition of health innovations considers optimizing or improving performance of the health systems as the overarching goal of health innovation. The new definition of HTA also explicitly links the goals of HTA with that of the health systems objectives of efficiency, equity and quality. Technology embodies applicable knowledge that arises out of science, but not all technologies add value to health systems. In this case study, innovation was applied to create a novel technology (FELUDA) to address a void in testing capacity, while HTA was a tool used to assess the impact of this technology for health system and provide evidence for policy. This case study shows the potential for HTA to guide efficient, equitable and ethical policies for societal benefit. It is important that policy makers in LMICs recognize the role of HTA in assessing the value of health innovations and streamline policies based on evidence. A systems approach to HTA and health innovation is needed for optimizing the use of HTA in health innovations. © 2021

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL