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Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol ; 18(1): 78, 2022 Aug 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2005613

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Oral corticosteroids reduce the antibody titer of the BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine against SARS-CoV-2. To date, the effect of inhaled corticosteroids on antibody titers is unknown. STUDY DESIGN: The design of this study is retrospective study. METHODS: We analyzed the relationship between the clinical features and total antibody titers against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike protein in 320 subjects who had never been infected with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and were vaccinated the second time with the BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine between October 1 to December 28, 2021. RESULTS: Of the 320 subjects, 205 were treated with inhaled corticosteroids. The median antibody titer of patients treated with inhaled corticosteroids was 572 U/mL, which was significantly higher than that of patients treated without inhaled corticosteroids (454U/mL, P = 0.00258). The median antibody titers of smokers, men, and patients aged 65 years and over, were 315.5 U/mL, 385 U/mL, and 425.5 U/mL, respectively. These results are significantly lower than those of patients who never smoked, women, and patients aged less than 64 years (582 U/mL [P < 0.0001], 682.5 U/mL [P < 0.0001], and 717 U/mL [P < 0.0001], respectively). The multivariate analysis revealed that females and age were independent antibody titer-reducing factors (P = 0.0001 and P < 0.0001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The use of inhaled corticosteroids did not reduce the antibody titer against SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. Clinicians should continue treatment with inhaled corticosteroids if indicated.

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