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Clin Transl Sci ; 15(6): 1380-1386, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1756345


A course on vaccine development asked students to write a blog addressing general anti-vaccination strategies and their significance today, in the context of the resistance seen against novel SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccines. This perspective explores how and why these efforts are successful at reducing vaccine uptake and why, for the most part, efforts to combat the movement have been unsuccessful. This summary of the collective view of the class provides recommendations for combatting current and future campaigns of misinformation. It is hoped that this perspective will serve as a call to action for clinical pharmacologists and translational scientists to do their part to educate the lay community and promote the science in an open and transparent manner to ensure that current and future vaccines fulfill their potential.

COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Communication , Humans , Vaccination
Haemophilia ; 28(2): 247-253, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1685308


INTRODUCTION: The haemophilia community on Twitter is diverse, consisting of advocacy groups, patients, physicians, researchers and other users. However, the scope of this community is uncharacterized, and limited data is available regarding effective participation in this community. AIM: To assess the types of users active in the haemophilia community on Twitter, as well as major themes present in haemophilia-related tweets. METHODS: Forty-nine thousand five hundred and twelve tweets between September 2019 and September 2021 were classified using regular expressions. A subset of the classified tweets was manually analysed to identify prevalent discussion themes. RESULTS: Among the top 250 users by post count, the largest categories of users were support and advocacy groups, people with bleeding disorders and healthcare providers. The largest thematic categories of tweets were gene therapy, contaminated haemophilia blood products, haemophilia research, clinical management of haemophilia and COVID-19. While misinformation was rare, negative and incorrect perceptions of haemophilia were present among the general public. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate patterns of effective Twitter usage for patient care, research and advocacy purposes among the haemophilia community.

COVID-19 , Hemophilia A , Social Media , Communication , Hemophilia A/therapy , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
Cell ; 185(6): 1008-1024.e15, 2022 03 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1664732


Vaccine-mediated immunity often relies on the generation of protective antibodies and memory B cells, which commonly stem from germinal center (GC) reactions. An in-depth comparison of the GC responses elicited by SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccines in healthy and immunocompromised individuals has not yet been performed due to the challenge of directly probing human lymph nodes. Herein, through a fine-needle aspiration-based approach, we profiled the immune responses to SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccines in lymph nodes of healthy individuals and kidney transplant recipients (KTXs). We found that, unlike healthy subjects, KTXs presented deeply blunted SARS-CoV-2-specific GC B cell responses coupled with severely hindered T follicular helper cell, SARS-CoV-2 receptor binding domain-specific memory B cell, and neutralizing antibody responses. KTXs also displayed reduced SARS-CoV-2-specific CD4 and CD8 T cell frequencies. Broadly, these data indicate impaired GC-derived immunity in immunocompromised individuals and suggest a GC origin for certain humoral and memory B cell responses following mRNA vaccination.