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1.
PLoS ONE Vol 16(3), 2021, ArtID e0247705 ; 16(3), 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1519338

ABSTRACT

Owing to the rapid spread of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic worldwide, individuals experience considerable psychological distress daily. The present study aimed to clarify the prevalence of psychological distress and determine the population most affected by risk factors such as the pandemic, socioeconomic status (SES), and lifestyle-related factors causing psychological distress in the early phases of the pandemic in Japan. This study was conducted via a web-based survey using quota sampling to ensure representativeness of the Japanese population aged 20-64 years. A cross-sectional study of 11,342 participants (5,734 males and 5,608 females) was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire that included the Japanese version of the Kessler 6 Psychological Distress Scale (K6) and questions related to the pandemic, SES, and lifestyle. The prevalence of psychological distress, represented by a K6 score of 5 or more, was 50.3% among males and 52.6% among females. Both males and females with annual household incomes less than 2 million yen and males aged in their twenties had significantly higher K6 scores than those with annual household incomes above 2 million yen and males aged over 30 years. Binary logistic regression analyses found pandemic-related factors such as medical history, inability to undergo clinical tests immediately, having trouble in daily life, unavailability of groceries, new work style, and vague anxiety;SES-related factors such as lesser income;and lifestyle-related factors such as insufficient rest, sleep, and nutritious meals to be significantly related to psychological distress. Psychological distress was more prevalent among people with low income and in younger generations than among other groups. There is an urgent need to provide financial, medical, and social support to those affected by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)

2.
Nihon Naika Gakkai Zasshi ; 109(11):2334-2338, 2020.
Article in Japanese | J-STAGE | ID: covidwho-1511924
3.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 27(10): 1-9, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1486730

ABSTRACT

To deal with the risk of emerging diseases with many unknowns, close and timely collaboration and communication between science experts and policymakers are crucial to developing and implementing an effective science-based intervention strategy. The Expert Meeting, an ad hoc medical advisory body, was established in February 2020 to advise Japan's COVID-19 Response Headquarters. The group played an important role in the policymaking process, promoting timely situation awareness and developing science-based proposals on interventions that were promptly reflected in government actions. However, this expert group may have been overly proactive in taking on the government's role in crisis management. For the next stage of managing the coronavirus disease pandemic and future pandemics, the respective roles of the government and its advisory bodies need to be clearly defined. Leadership and strategic risk communication by the government are key.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Government , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
4.
The Journal of the Japanese Society of Internal Medicine ; 109(11):2334-2338, 2020.
Article in Japanese | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-946772

ABSTRACT

The ethical and legal social issues of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) include (1) bio- and public health ethics, (2) research ethics, (3) implementation of the legal system, (4) participation of COVID-19 parties, (5) impact on vulnerable populations, and (6) use of digital technology. The following are some examples. This article addresses the background and definitions of prejudice, discrimination, and risk communication issues that underlie these issues, as well as recent developments.

5.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234292, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-593650

ABSTRACT

The Japanese government instituted countermeasures against COVID-19, a pneumonia caused by the new coronavirus, in January 2020. Seeking "people's behavioral changes," in which the government called on the public to take precautionary measures or exercise self-restraint, was one of the important strategies. The purpose of this study is to investigate how and from when Japanese citizens have changed their precautionary behavior under circumstances in which the government has only requested their cooperation. This study uses micro data from a cross-sectional survey conducted on an online platform of an online research company, based on quota sampling that is representative of the Japanese population. By the end of March 2020, a total of 11,342 respondents, aged from 20 to 64 years, were recruited. About 85 percent reported practising the social distancing measures recommended by the government including more females than males and more older than younger participants. Frequent handwashing is conducted by 86 percent of all participants, 92 percent of female, and 87.9 percent of over-40 participants. The most important event influencing these precautionary actions was the infection aboard the Diamond Princess cruise ship, which occurred in early February 2020 (23 percent). Information from the central and local governments, received by 60 percent of the participants, was deemed trustworthy by 50 percent. However, the results also showed that about 20 percent of the participants were reluctant to implement proper prevention measures. The statistical analysis indicated that the typical characteristics of those people were male, younger (under 30 years old), unmarried, from lower-income households, a drinking or smoking habit, and a higher extraversion score. To prevent the spread of infection in Japan, it is imperative to address these individuals and encourage their behavioural changes using various means to reach and influence them.


Subject(s)
Behavior , Communicable Disease Control/statistics & numerical data , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Adult , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Government , Hand Disinfection , Humans , Japan , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
6.
Gekkan kōkō kyōiku. ; 53(7):46-49, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-436511
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