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Electronics ; 11(15):2302, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1993950


There is an increasing demand for electricity on a global level. Thus, the utility companies are looking for the effective implementation of demand response management (DRM). For this, utility companies should know the energy demand and optimal household consumer classification (OHCC) of the end users. In this regard, data mining (DM) techniques can give better insights and support. This work proposes a DM-technique-based novel methodology for OHCC in the Indian context. This work uses the household electricity consumption (HEC) of 225 houses from three districts of Maharashtra, India. The data sets used are namely questionnaire survey (QS), monthly energy consumption (MEC), and tariff orders. This work addresses the challenges for OHCC in energy meter data sets of the conventional grid and smart grid (SG). This work uses expert classification and clustering-based classification methods for OHCC. The expert classification method provides four new classes for OHCC. The clustering method is employed to develop eight different classification models. The two-stage clustering model, using K-means (KM) and the self-organizing map (SOM), is the best fit among the eight models. The result shows that the two-stage clustering of the SOM with the KM model provides 88% of overlap-free samples and 0.532 of the silhouette score (SS) mean compared to the expert classification method. This study can be beneficial to the electricity distribution companies for OHCC and can offer better services to consumers.

Comput Biol Med ; 143: 105264, 2022 Jan 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1649912


Asymptomatic transmission of the coronavirus disease and the infected individual prediction has become very important in the COVID-19 outbreak study. The asymptomatic and symptomatic transmission studies are still ongoing to assess their impacts on disease monitoring and burden. However, there has been limited research on how asymptomatic and symptomatic transmissions together can affect the coronavirus disease outbreak. A mathematical model is therefore needed to be developed in order to assess the effect of these transmissions on the coronavirus disease dynamics. This paper develops a mathematical model concerning asymptomatic and symptomatic disease transmission processes in the COVID-19 outbreak. The model sensitivity has been analysed in terms of the variance of each parameter, and the local stability at two equilibrium points have been discussed in terms of the basic reproduction number (R0). It is found that the disease-free equilibrium gets stable for R0 < 1 whereas the endemic equilibrium becomes stable for R0 > 1 and unstable otherwise. The proportion of the effect of asymptomatic and symptomatic transmission rates on R0 is calculated to be approximately between 1 and 3. The results demonstrate that asymptomatic transmission has a significant impact compared to symptomatic transmission in the disease outbreak. Outcomes of this study will contribute to setting an effective control strategy for the COVID-19 outbreak.