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Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 11(1): 53-63, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1579495


BACKGROUND: At present, we did not find any articles that studied seroprevalence and its persistence several months later in lung cancer patients in the setting of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Most patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) go on to develop antibodies (Abs) against viral proteins. However, it is not known how long these Abs last nor whether cancer treatments could affect the duration of immune response. METHODS: This prospective, longitudinal, multicenter serological study in the setting of SARS-CoV-2 infection was carried out in 50 Spanish hospitals. Eligibility criterion was the diagnosis of any lung cancer. The determination of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG Abs was performed by qualitative immuno-enzymatic assay using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit from NovaLisa whose Abs target the recombinant antigen N of the nucleocapsid of SARS-CoV-2. The first Ab determination was performed between April 21 and June 3, 2020. The second Ab determination was performed in all previously seropositive patients, between September 10 and November 20, 2020. Study objectives were to prospectively determine seroprevalence in unselected lung cancer patients during the first wave of the pandemic; the persistence of immunity; protection or lack thereof against reinfection; and the influence of treatments on maintenance or loss of immunity. RESULTS: Of 1,500 patients, 128 were seropositive, overall prevalence of 8.5% seropositivity [95% confidence interval (CI): 7.2-10.1%]. Seventy-five percent were in active cancer treatment. Forty-seven point seven percent of IgG positive participants had experienced a symptomatic illness suspected of being infected with SARS-CoV-2 (95% CI: 38.8-56.6%). A second determination was performed on average 4.5 months later [interquartile range (IQR), 4.0-5.0 months] and obtained for 104 of the initially seropositive patients (81%), it could not be obtained in 24 patients, the majority due to death caused by disease progression (73%). In the second determination, IgG was not detected in 30.8% of patients. The severity of the infection, the need for hospitalization (P=0.032) and the presence of symptoms at diagnosis (P=0.02) were associated with persistence of immunity in the second determination. No variables or treatments received were associated with Abs loss. CONCLUSIONS: Immunity against SARS-CoV-2 does not appear to be compromised by treatment and persists beyond 4 months. Neither do mortality rates appear to be particularly high in this unselected population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: identifier: NCT04407143.

Lung Cancer ; 157: 109-115, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1230650


INTRODUCTION: Patients with cancer may be at increased risk of more severe COVID-19 disease; however, prognostic factors are not yet clearly identified. The GRAVID study aimed to describe clinical characteristics, outcomes, and predictors of poor outcome in patients with lung cancer and COVID-19. METHODS: Prospective observational study that included medical records of patients with lung cancer and PCR-confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis across 65 Spanish hospitals. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality; secondary endpoints were hospitalization and admission to intensive care units (ICU). RESULTS: A total of 447 patients with a mean age of 67.1 ± 9.8 years were analysed. The majority were men (74.3 %) and current/former smokers (85.7 %). NSCLC was the most frequent type of cancer (84.5 %), mainly as adenocarcinoma (51.0 %), and stage III metastatic or unresectable disease (79.2 %). Nearly 60 % of patients were receiving anticancer treatment, mostly first-line chemotherapy. Overall, 350 (78.3 %) patients were hospitalized for a mean of 13.4 ± 11.4 days, 9 (2.0 %) were admitted to ICU and 146 (32.7 %) died. Advanced disease and the use of corticosteroids to treat COVID-19 during hospitalization were predictors of mortality. Hospitalized, non-end-of-life stage patients with lymphocytopenia and high LDH had an increased risk of death. Severity of COVID-19 correlated to higher mortality, ICU admission, and mechanical ventilation rates. CONCLUSIONS: Mortality rate was higher among patients treated with corticosteroids during hospitalization, while anticancer therapy was not associated with an increased risk of hospitalization or death. Tailored approaches are warranted to ensure effective cancer management while minimizing the risk of exposure to SARS-CoV-2.

COVID-19 , Lung Neoplasms , Aged , COVID-19 Testing , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Lung Neoplasms/epidemiology , Lung Neoplasms/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain/epidemiology