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Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep ; 26: 101532, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1777924


Purpose: To report a case with multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS) following BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccination. Observations: Case: A 67-year-old Japanese female presented with central visual field loss and photopsia in the right eye (OD) for 5 days. She was complaining blurred vision with bright spots in vision in OD, but denied any ocular symptoms in left eye (OS). She had received the second dose of BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (Pfizer-BioNTech) one day before the onset of visual symptoms; flu-like symptoms such as mild fever and general fatigue also developed along with ocular symptoms such as decreased vision and hypersensitivity to light in OD following the second COVID-19 vaccine. The first dose of vaccine was administrated followed three weeks later by the second dose and was not associated with any ocular or systemic symptoms besides mild pain at the injection site. She had not been followed by any ophthalmologist before the initial visit. At the initial visit, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in decimal points was 0.2 in OD and 1.0 in OS. Ophthalmic examination showed multifocal white dots in the posterior retina with moderate vitritis (1+ haze and 2+ cells) in OD. Multimodal imaging in OD showed diffuse disruption of ellipsoid zone with variable punctate hyperreflective lesions at macula on optical coherence tomography, punctate hyperfluorescence in a wreath-like pattern and late staining on fluorescein angiography, and multiple hypofluorescent spots of various sizes in the late phases on indocyanine green angiography. Both multiple hypofluorescent spots and scattered hyperfluorescent spots corresponding to white dots in OD were also seen on fundus autofluorescence. Her laboratory and systemic evaluations were negative for syphilis, tuberculosis, or toxoplasma, and selected autoimmune diseases like sarcoidosis, Behcet's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus. No active intraocular inflammation or abnormality were seen in OS. One week later, the multifocal white dots disappeared in OD, and were almost invisible on fundus photography. At that time, multifocal electroretinogram showed decreased response with low amplitude density across the entire field in OD. The BCVA in OD spontaneously improved to 0.8 without any treatment. Collectively, these clinical course and findings were suggestive of a diagnosis of MEWDS after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination. Conclusions and importance: In this present case, BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccination might have been associated with MEWDS-like entity with vision loss. It is important for physicians to monitor the ocular status carefully in patients with visual disturbance after COVID-19 vaccination.

J Epidemiol ; 31(11): 573-580, 2021 11 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1477690


BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease is suspected to be triggered by previous infection. The prevention measures for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have reportedly reduced transmission of certain infectious diseases. Under these circumstances, the prevention measures for COVID-19 may reduce the incidence of Kawasaki disease. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study using registration datasets of patients with Kawasaki disease who were diagnosed in all 11 inpatient pediatric facilities in Yamanashi Prefecture. The eligible cases were 595 cases that were diagnosed before the COVID-19 pandemic (from January 2015 through February 2020) and 38 cases that were diagnosed during the COVID-19 pandemic (from March through November 2020). Incidence of several infectious disease were evaluated using data from the Infectious Disease Weekly Report conducted by the National Institute of Infectious Diseases. RESULTS: Epidemics of various infectious diseases generally remained at low levels during the first 9 months (March through November 2020) of the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, the incidence of COVID-19 was 50-80 times lower than the incidence in European countries and the United States. The total number of 38 cases with Kawasaki disease for the 9 months during the COVID-19 pandemic was 46.3% (-3.5 standard deviations [SDs] of the average [82.0; SD, 12.7 cases] for the corresponding 9 months of the previous 5 years. None of the 38 cases was determined to be triggered by COVID-19 based on their medical histories and negative results of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 testing at admission. CONCLUSION: These observations provide a new epidemiological evidence for the notion that Kawasaki disease is triggered by major infectious diseases in children.

COVID-19/prevention & control , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/epidemiology , Pandemics/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , Databases, Factual , Female , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Japan/epidemiology , Male , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies