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International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; 26(Supplement 1):132.0, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2229293


Background: Covid-19 infection has caused a global pandemic in the recent years and although initially it was considered mainly a respiratory ailment it has proven over time to cause a constellation of complications across various systems such as hematological, immune, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and neurological. Method(s): We report a case of a lupus patient with Covid-19 infection who presented initially with fever and gum bleeding with a negative dengue serology and negative HIV serology. Result(s): A 45-year- old lady with a 30-year history of SLE was admitted to our hospital with Covid 19 infection. She had relatively stable disease over the past few years but was admitted to the hospital with complaints of fever, gum bleeding and shortness of breath with no chest x-ray changes. Her oxygen saturations were 95% under room air and her vital signs were stable. Laboratory examinations revealed raised white cell count (11.63) with neutrophilia and elevated C-reactive protein (2.84mg/dl). Her platelet count was low at 113 when compared to her baseline of 549. An urgent peripheral blood film showed an incidental finding of Stomato-ovalocytosis with mild anaemia however there was no features of haemolysis. She was initially treated as acquired Immune thrombocytopenia provoked by Covid-19 infection and was started on IV hydrocortisone. She had a lack of response as evident of a further decline in her platelet counts and the following day, she developed rapid decline in her renal function wherein her creatinine increased from 83 to 207. An urgent ultrasound doppler of the kidneys to rule out acute renal vein thrombosis was organised however it showed normal patent renal vessels. Peripheral blood films were repeated which showed minimal schistocytes and the diagnosis was clinched with the Adamst13 activity levels being less than 0.2%. She was started on 20g IVIG per day with plasma exchange however succumbed to the illness. Conclusion(s): The diagnosis of TTP classically involves the recognition of the pentad of fever, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, acute renal failure, and neurological abnormalities however 60% of patients do not fulfil the pentad. It is essential to recognize that Covid-19 is an acquired cause of TTP, and a high index of suspicion must be maintained for early treatment institution.