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Social Sciences ; 12(4):198, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2303775


This research paper focuses on mobile banking acceptance among Generation Z users by combining the technology acceptance model (TAM) and the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) theory, as well as extending the theories with perceived trust and risk. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the online questionnaire survey was distributed using Google Forms, and the sample group was Thai Generation Z who were aged between 18 and 25 years old. The research objectives aim to (i) investigate the crucial effects that potentially affect user intention and actual usage of mobile banking, (ii) identify the most influential factor impacting users' intention and behavior, (iii) further study the trust and risk perception of Generation Z users on mobile-banking intention and actual usage, (iv) discuss the findings with the antecedent studies, and (v) contribute the research findings both theoretically and practically. The proposed constructs include perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, social influence, facilitating conditions, perceived trust, perceived risk, behavioral intention, and actual usage. There are fourteen proposed hypotheses to be tested. Based on the outcomes and the standardized coefficient beta, perceived usefulness (β = 0.518) was the strongest factor determining Generation Z's behavioral intention, while perceived ease of use (β = 0.809) impacting perceived usefulness demonstrated the strongest relationship among all of the hypotheses.

Foods ; 11(16)2022 Aug 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2023326


Gluten-free food products have been developed to satisfy the needs of consumers with celiac disease. However, there has been little research on the product feature development of sustainable gluten-free instant noodles through a qualitative study to explore the customer insights related to environmental attitude and purchase decision. Using a cross-national comparative study between Thai and Danish consumers, this study aims to (1) identify the target customer segments for each country; (2) explore the target customer segments regarding behaviours, desired outcomes, and pain points; and (3) suggest gluten-free instant noodle product prototypes suitable for each country. With a qualitative interview approach, 60 target customers (30 Thai and 30 Danish) were recruited to participate in this research. In addition, a thematic analysis was undertaken to examine their behaviours, desired outcomes, and pain points toward sustainable gluten-free instant noodle products. The findings revealed that convenience-oriented customers were the target segment of gluten-free instant noodle products in Thailand. This segment primarily focused on convenience as the main reason for consuming instant noodles and had common pain points in terms of taste. In contrast, environment-oriented customers were the target customer segment in Denmark. This segment consisted primarily of young women who eat less meat and shared common pain points such as difficulty accessing more sustainable options. Hence, there is a need to educate customers in Thailand (an emerging economy) and increase their awareness regarding environmental sustainability and consumption.

Sustainability ; 14(15):8997, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1994147


The internet offers enormous development opportunities for airline firms and a lot of information for consumers to pick the finest available options. This research aims to study the consumer buying intention of e-commerce airfares in an emerging economy based on the technology acceptance model. This article employed a sample of 3064 respondents at six airports in Thailand. It used cluster analysis (a multivariate analysis approach) to determine two main customer segments and then used a structural equation modeling (SEM) technique utilizing demographic segmentation as a moderator to explain the behaviors of those two segments. The findings demonstrated two customer segments: (1) the older with high and middle-income segment, and (2) the young with low-income segment. The empirical results revealed that price sensitivity and perceived ease of use substantially impacted behavioral intention to use e-commerce airfares in both segments. The users from segment (1) are more likely to look for the fun experience and entertainment value of using e-commerce airfares than those from segment (2). However, perceived usefulness is unlikely to be a vital factor in consumers’ purchasing decisions about using e-commerce airfares. It is recommended that airline companies and online travel agencies should consider perceived ease of use, price sensitivity, and hedonic motivation when implementing e-commerce airline websites for selling tickets.

Technol Soc ; 68: 101912, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1671191


The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has reshaped human behaviors and switched communication systems from face-to-face to digital communication technologies. This study aimed to examine how digital transformation practices affect human behavioral change digitally, and how perceived COVID-19 severity affects digital transformation practices and behavioral decisions. We use the traditional theory of planned behavior (TPB) to determine new behavioral roles in the digital era, namely digitally planned and transformed behavior. The quantitative survey method was designed to collect cross-sectional data from 550 Thai citizens to provide the conceptual evidence of key proximal measures of digital attitude, digital social norms, digital behavioral control perception, and the digital behavioral decision to predict digitally planned and transformed behavior. The results show that people are more likely to digitalize than before, which predicts the decision to behave digitally at 93.9% of the variability, more than 75% of the predictive power of the total variance suggested by Hair, Ringle, and Sarstedt [1]. However, the higher the COVID-19 severity, the more likely digital transformation is impactful (ß = 0.481). This study provides interesting evidence that people struggle to transform their digital behavior during the pandemic. We demonstrate that digital transformation can offer the desired consequences by cultivating digital attitudes, promoting digital social norms, increasing digital behavioral control perception, and enhancing digital behavioral decisions.