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Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 22(8): e730-e737, 2022 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1966439

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy (CAR T) is a revolutionary adoptive immunotherapy approach in lymphoma; however, substantial resources are necessary for administration and care of these patients. Our institution has administered tisagenlecleucel primarily in an outpatient setting, and here we report our clinical outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a single institution, retrospective study investigating outcomes of adult lymphoma patients treated with commercial tisagenlecleucel between 10/2017 and 12/2020. We analyzed patient characteristics and outcomes of efficacy and safety including overall response rate, progression-free survival, overall survival and cytokine-release syndrome, neurotoxicity, and hospitalizations. RESULTS: Seventy-two patients with relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) who received commercial tisagenlecleucel were identified; 68 (94.4%) patients received outpatient tisagenlecleucel. The overall response rate was 43% with a complete response observed in 25 patients (34.7%). At a median follow-up of 9.1 months, the median progression-free survival was 3.3 months. Grade 3-4 cytokine release syndrome was not observed in the study group and two patients had grade 3-4 neurotoxicity. Twenty-six patients (36.1%) were admitted within 30 days after infusion with a median length of stay of 5 days. Fourteen patients (19.4%) were admitted within 72 hours of infusion. No patient died of CAR T cell-related toxicity. CONCLUSION: Our experience affirms treatment with tisagenlecleucel in the outpatient setting is safe and feasible with close supervision and adequate institutional experience. After infusion, adverse events were manageable and the majority of patients did not require hospitalization.


Subject(s)
Lymphoma, Follicular , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Adult , Antigens, CD19 , Cytokines , Humans , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Lymphoma, Follicular/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
2.
JAMA Intern Med ; 181(2): 195-202, 2021 02 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1064281

ABSTRACT

Importance: Health care workers (HCWs) caring for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are at risk of exposure to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Currently, to our knowledge, there is no effective pharmacologic prophylaxis for individuals at risk. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of hydroxychloroquine to prevent transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in hospital-based HCWs with exposure to patients with COVID-19 using a pre-exposure prophylaxis strategy. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial (the Prevention and Treatment of COVID-19 With Hydroxychloroquine Study) was conducted at 2 tertiary urban hospitals, with enrollment from April 9, 2020, to July 14, 2020; follow-up ended August 4, 2020. The trial randomized 132 full-time, hospital-based HCWs (physicians, nurses, certified nursing assistants, emergency technicians, and respiratory therapists), of whom 125 were initially asymptomatic and had negative results for SARS-CoV-2 by nasopharyngeal swab. The trial was terminated early for futility before reaching a planned enrollment of 200 participants. Interventions: Hydroxychloroquine, 600 mg, daily, or size-matched placebo taken orally for 8 weeks. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection as determined by a nasopharyngeal swab during the 8 weeks of treatment. Secondary outcomes included adverse effects, treatment discontinuation, presence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, frequency of QTc prolongation, and clinical outcomes for SARS-CoV-2-positive participants. Results: Of the 132 randomized participants (median age, 33 years [range, 20-66 years]; 91 women [69%]), 125 (94.7%) were evaluable for the primary outcome. There was no significant difference in infection rates in participants randomized to receive hydroxychloroquine compared with placebo (4 of 64 [6.3%] vs 4 of 61 [6.6%]; P > .99). Mild adverse events were more common in participants taking hydroxychloroquine compared with placebo (45% vs 26%; P = .04); rates of treatment discontinuation were similar in both arms (19% vs 16%; P = .81). The median change in QTc (baseline to 4-week evaluation) did not differ between arms (hydroxychloroquine: 4 milliseconds; 95% CI, -9 to 17; vs placebo: 3 milliseconds; 95% CI, -5 to 11; P = .98). Of the 8 participants with positive results for SARS-CoV-2 (6.4%), 6 developed viral symptoms; none required hospitalization, and all clinically recovered. Conclusions and Relevance: In this randomized clinical trial, although limited by early termination, there was no clinical benefit of hydroxychloroquine administered daily for 8 weeks as pre-exposure prophylaxis in hospital-based HCWs exposed to patients with COVID-19. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04329923.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/drug therapy , COVID-19/prevention & control , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Cross Infection/virology , Hydroxychloroquine/administration & dosage , Personnel, Hospital , Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Double-Blind Method , Female , Hospitals, Urban , Humans , Incidence , Male , Pennsylvania/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
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