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Pakistan Journal of Medical Research ; 62(1):1, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2317610
Mathematical Problems in Engineering ; : 1-34, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1932832


The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, which began in China and is fast spreading around the world, has increased the number of cases and deaths. Governments have suffered substantial damage and losses not only in the health sector but also in a variety of other areas. In this situation, it is critical to determine the most crucial vaccine that doctors and specialists should implement. In order to evaluate the many vaccines to control the COVID-19 epidemic, a decision problem based on the decisions of many experts, with some contradicting and multiple criteria, should be taken into account. This decision process is characterized as a multiattribute group decision-making (MAGDM) problem that includes uncertainty in this study. T -spherical fuzzy sets are utilized for this, allowing decision-experts to make evaluations over a larger area and better deal with complicated data. The T -spherical fuzzy set is a useful tool for dealing with uncertainty and ambiguity, especially where additional answers of the type "yes," "no," "abstain," and "refusal" are required, and the 2-tuple linguistic terms are useful for the qualitative evaluation of uncertain data. From the perspective of the uncertainty surrounding the problems of MAGDM, we propose the notion of 2-tuple linguistic T -spherical fuzzy numbers (2TL T -SFNs) generated with the integration of T -spherical fuzzy numbers and 2-tuple linguistic terms. Then, the assessment based on distance from average solution (EDAS) for the ranking of alternatives based on the 2TL T -SFNs is investigated as a new decision-making strategy. This study provides the following significant contributions: (1) the procedure for constructing a 2TL T -SFNs is described, together with their aggregation operators, ranking criteria, relevant attributes, and some operational laws. (2) The traditional Maclaurin symmetric mean (MSM) operator is useful for modeling attribute interrelationships and aggregating 2TL T -SF information to tackle the MAGDM problems. A few recent MSM and dual MSM operators are being built to evaluate the 2TL T -SF information. Thus, 2-tuple linguistic T -spherical fuzzy Maclaurin symmetric mean (2TL T -SFMSM) operator, 2-tuple linguistic T -spherical fuzzy weighted Maclaurin symmetric mean (2TL T -SFWMSM) operator, 2-tuple linguistic T -spherical fuzzy dual Maclaurin symmetric mean (2TL T -SFDMSM) operator, and 2-tuple linguistic T -spherical fuzzy weighted dual Maclaurin symmetric mean (2TL T -SFWDMSM) operator are proposed. (3) We incorporate the 2TL T -SFNs into the EDAS approach and develop a new 2TL T -SF-EDAS method for solving the MAGDM problems based on the proposed aggregation operators in a 2TL T -SF environment. A case study for the selection of an optimal vaccine to control the outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic is also presented to show the validity of the proposed methodology. Furthermore, the comparative analysis with existing approaches shows the advantages and superiority of the proposed framework. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Mathematical Problems in Engineering is the property of Hindawi Limited and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

Expert Syst ; : e13005, 2022 Apr 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1794696


In this article, we introduce dual hesitant q -rung orthopair fuzzy 2-tuple linguistic set (DHq-ROFTLS), a new strategy for dealing with uncertainty that incorporates a 2-tuple linguistic term into dual hesitant q -rung orthopair fuzzy set (DHq-ROFS). DHq-ROFTLS is a better way to deal with uncertain and imprecise information in the decision-making environment. We elaborate the operational rules, based on which, the DHq-ROFTL weighted averaging (DHq-ROFTLWA) operator and the DHq-ROFTL weighted geometric (DHq-ROFTLWG) operator are presented to fuse the DHq-ROFTL numbers (DHq-ROFTLNs). As Maclaurin symmetric mean (MSM) aggregation operator is a useful tool to model the interrelationship between multi-input arguments, we generalize the traditional MSM to aggregate DHq-ROFTL information. Firstly, the DHq-ROFTL Maclaurin symmetric mean (DHq-ROFTLMSM) and the DHq-ROFTL weighted Maclaurin symmetric mean (DHq-ROFTLWMSM) operators are proposed along with some of their desirable properties and some special cases. Further, the DHq-ROFTL dual Maclaurin symmetric mean (DHq-ROFTLDMSM) and weighted dual Maclaurin symmetric mean (DHq-ROFTLWDMSM) operators with some properties and cases are presented. Moreover, the assessment and prioritizing of the most important aspects in multiple attribute group decision-making (MAGDM) problems is analysed by an extended novel approach based on the proposed aggregation operators under DHq-ROFTL framework. At long last, a numerical model is provided for the selection of adequate medication to control COVID-19 outbreaks to demonstrate the use of the generated technique and exhibit its adequacy. Finally, to analyse the advantages of the proposed method, a comparison analysis is conducted and the superiorities are illustrated.

Pakistan Journal of Medical Research ; 59(3):88, 2020.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1074040