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AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 217(5): 1093-1102, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1484970

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND. Previous studies compared CT findings of COVID-19 pneumonia with those of other infections; however, to our knowledge, no studies to date have included noninfectious organizing pneumonia (OP) for comparison. OBJECTIVE. The objectives of this study were to compare chest CT features of COVID-19, influenza, and OP using a multireader design and to assess the performance of radiologists in distinguishing between these conditions. METHODS. This retrospective study included 150 chest CT examinations in 150 patients (mean [± SD] age, 58 ± 16 years) with a diagnosis of COVID-19, influenza, or non-infectious OP (50 randomly selected abnormal CT examinations per diagnosis). Six thoracic radiologists independently assessed CT examinations for 14 individual CT findings and for Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) COVID-19 category and recorded a favored diagnosis. The CT characteristics of the three diagnoses were compared using random-effects models; the diagnostic performance of the readers was assessed. RESULTS. COVID-19 pneumonia was significantly different (p < .05) from influenza pneumonia for seven of 14 chest CT findings, although it was different (p < .05) from OP for four of 14 findings (central or diffuse distribution was seen in 10% and 7% of COVID-19 cases, respectively, vs 20% and 21% of OP cases, respectively; unilateral distribution was seen in 1% of COVID-19 cases vs 7% of OP cases; non-tree-in-bud nodules was seen in 32% of COVID-19 cases vs 53% of OP cases; tree-in-bud nodules were seen in 6% of COVID-19 cases vs 14% of OP cases). A total of 70% of cases of COVID-19, 33% of influenza cases, and 47% of OP cases had typical findings according to RSNA COVID-19 category assessment (p < .001). The mean percentage of correct favored diagnoses compared with actual diagnoses was 44% for COVID-19, 29% for influenza, and 39% for OP. The mean diagnostic accuracy of favored diagnoses was 70% for COVID-19 pneumonia and 68% for both influenza and OP. CONCLUSION. CT findings of COVID-19 substantially overlap with those of influenza and, to a greater extent, those of OP. The diagnostic accuracy of the radiologists was low in a study sample that contained equal proportions of these three types of pneumonia. CLINICAL IMPACT. Recognized challenges in diagnosing COVID-19 by CT are furthered by the strong overlap observed between the appearances of COVID-19 and OP on CT. This challenge may be particularly evident in clinical settings in which there are substantial proportions of patients with potential causes of OP such as ongoing cancer therapy or autoimmune conditions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia/diagnostic imaging , Influenza, Human/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Influenza, Human/virology , Male , Massachusetts , Middle Aged , Observer Variation , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Radiography, Thoracic , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Curr Probl Diagn Radiol ; 50(3): 284-287, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1015060

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has challenged the capacity of interventional radiology departments worldwide to effectively treat COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients while preventing disease transmission among patients and healthcare workers. In this review, we describe the various data driven infection control measures implemented by the interventional radiology department of a large tertiary care center in the United States including the use and novel re-use of personal protective equipment, COVID-19 testing strategies, modifications in procedural workflows and the leveraging of telehealth visits. Herein, we provide effective triage, procedural, and management algorithms that may guide other interventional radiology departments during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and in future infectious disease outbreaks.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Infection Control/methods , Radiology Department, Hospital , Radiology, Interventional/methods , Humans , Pandemics , Personal Protective Equipment , SARS-CoV-2 , Tertiary Care Centers , United States
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