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1.
Tumori ; 106(2 SUPPL):69-70, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1109856

ABSTRACT

Background: The province of Cremona had one of the highest incidence of COVID-19 (COV-19) infection in Italy. The pandemic determined a significant shrinkage of our healthcare resources with difficulty for many patients (pts) to be assisted in the hospital, especially for the risk of being infected. Therefore, we created a homecare project for cancer pts with the aim of reducing hospitalizations, accesses to the oncology ward and emergency room. Methods: The team was composed by oncologists and nurses from the Oncology Unit of Cremona Community Hospital, supported by a secretary with a dedicated telephone number. The assistance was provided from Monday to Saturday, 9 AM-5 PM. Cancer pts were eligible if presenting confirmed diagnosis or suggestive symptoms for COV-19. A telephonic triage was performed. Cancer pts and their cohabitants were tested with at least 2 nasopharyngeal swabs (NPS). Blood test, medical examinations and vital parameters were performed. We advised screened individuals to follow the quarantine procedures, providing them with an information leaflet. We administered oral/infusional treatments, including antiviral drugs. Results: From March 23rd to April 30th 2020, 71 cancer pts were assisted at home, with a total of 191 visits. Of the 71 pts tested with NPS, 26 resulted COV-19 positive (COV-19+). 19 of COV-19+ pts had mild symptoms;7 pts with stable vital parameters and initial pneumonia were successfully treated at home with hydroxychloroquine, antivirals and NSAIDs. 7 pts with severe symptoms were promptly hospitalized. 4 of them died, 2 due to the infection, 2 to progression disease. 52 cohabitants were screened with NPS, 28 lived with a COV-19+ cancer patient;in this subgroup, 16 resulted COV-19+. 15 of them were completely asymptomatic. Conclusions: This project demonstrated the feasibility of an innovative model based on homecare assistance for COV-19+ cancer pts with mild symptoms. This strategy, limiting the number of hospital accesses for COV-19+ pts, might be useful to contain the spread of the infection. Further studies are needed to test this strategy in COV-19 negative cancer pts. Moreover, our experience indicates a high probability of identifying asymptomatic positive individuals cohabiting with COVID+ pts. NPS screening for asymptomatic subjects is not routinely performed in Italy. There is a urgent need to extend the screening to this population.

2.
J Public Health (Oxf) ; 43(3): 493-498, 2021 Sep 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1050168

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To design better measures to contain the Covid-19 epidemics, it is relevant to know whether socioeconomic factors are associated with a higher risk of death by Covid-19. This work estimates the effects of individual socioeconomic characteristics on the risk of death by Covid-19. METHODS: Logistic models were estimated to assess the effect of socioeconomic characteristics (income, race/ethnicity, schooling, occupation and economic activity) on the risk of death from Covid-19. For this purpose, Covid-19 individual death records in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil were combined with the Annual Register of Social Information, which contains socioeconomic information about formal workers. FINDINGS: Workers employed in establishments in the health and public safety sectors present a risk of dying 2.46 and 2.25 times higher than those employed in other activities. Non-white people, men, and those who work in the Metropolitan Region are also more likely to die from Covid-19. People with higher education are 44% less likely to die from the disease. CONCLUSIONS: Some population groups are more vulnerable to the Covid-19 pandemic and individual socioeconomic conditions play a relevant role in the probability of death by the disease. That should be considered in the design of prevention policies to be adopted.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Brazil/epidemiology , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , SARS-CoV-2 , Socioeconomic Factors
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