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AEM Educ Train ; 7(3): e10868, 2023 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2324408


Background: Simulation provides consistent opportunities for residents to practice high-stakes, low-frequency events such as pediatric resuscitations. To increase standardization across North American residency programs, the Emergency Medicine Resident Simulation Curriculum for Pediatrics (EM ReSCu Peds) was developed. However, access to high-quality simulation/pediatric expertise is not uniform. As the concurrent COVID-19 pandemic necessitated new virtual simulation methods, we adapted the Virtual Resus Room (VRR) to teach EM ReSCu Peds. VRR is an award-winning, low-resource, open-access distance telesimulation platform we hypothesize will be effective and scalable for teaching this curriculum. Methods: EM residents completed six VRR EM ReSCu Peds simulation cases and received immediate facilitator-led teledebriefing. Learners completed retrospective pre-post surveys after each case. Learners and facilitators completed end-of-day surveys. Primary outcomes were learning effectiveness measured by a composite of the Simulation Effectiveness in Teaching Modified (SET-M) tool and self-reported changes in learner comfort with case objectives. Secondary outcome was VRR scalability to teach EM ReSCu Peds using a composite outcome of net promoter scores (NPS), resource utilization, open-text feedback, and technical issues. Results: Learners reported significantly increased comfort with 95% (54/57) of EM ReSCu Peds-defined case objectives (91% cognitive, 9% psychomotor), with moderate (Cohen's d 0.71, 95% CI 0.67-0.76) overall effect size. SET-M responses indicated simulation effectiveness, particularly with debriefing. Ninety EM residents from three North American residency programs were taught by 59 pediatric faculty from six programs over 4 days-more than possible if simulations were conducted in person. Learners (39) and faculty (68) NPS were above software industry benchmarks (13). Minor, quickly resolved, technical issues were reported by 18% and 29% of learners and facilitators, respectively. Conclusions: Learners and facilitators report that the VRR is an effective and scalable platform to teach EM ReSCu Peds. This low-cost, accessible distance simulation intervention could increase equitable, global access to high-quality pediatric emergency education.

Clin Invest Med ; 44(4): E17-22, 2021 12 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1603413


PURPOSE: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has placed major limitations on trauma health care systems. This survey aims to identify how Canadian trauma centres altered their processes to care for injured patients and protect their staff during the pandemic. METHODS: A survey was distributed to trauma directors at level 1 Canadian adult trauma centres in July 2020. Questions included changes made to the trauma service in preparation for the pandemic, modification to clinical practice and expected lasting modifications after the pandemic. RESULTS: The response rate was 68.4%. All trauma centres modified their treatment and investigation protocols for the pandemic. Most respondents adopted online platforms for meetings and educational activities and used simulation to prepare for COVID-19-infected trauma patients. The approach to who would intubate trauma patients, which trauma patients should be tested for COVID-19 and who should use N95 ventilators, varied among the sites surveyed. CONCLUSION: All centres modified some of their treatment and investigation protocols for the pandemic but not all modifications were adopted universally. Knowing these steps and comparing them with other global centres will help organize disaster plans for the current and future pandemics.

COVID-19 , Pandemics , Adult , Canada , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires , Trauma Centers