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The Lancet ; 395(10238):1685-1686, 2020.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2325200


[...]the UK meets more of its food needs, the country risks having potentially counterfeit food imports and disrupted supply chains. The book describes relevant aspects of British food history, defines terms, lists foods imported and exported, measures freight shipped through UK airports, defines greenhouse gas emissions from livestock and crop production, documents food price trends, gives feed conversion rates for food animals, lists advertising spending by major food companies, explains water rights, and states how much land is owned by the British aristocracy, corporations, and Crown. Lang was a member of the EAT-Lancet Commission and he calls on the UK Government to adopt the Commission's Great Food Transformation recommendations to improve public health, the environment, food citizenship, wage scales, and democratic accountability, and to redistribute power in the food system.

JAMA Intern Med ; 182(9): 973-974, 2022 09 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2027261
American Journal of Public Health ; 112(6):853-858, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1877218


The coronavirus pandemic reveals an urgent need: the marketing of ultra-processed "junk" food must be stopped. [...]the food industry has gotten away with pushing consumption of high-calorie, highly processed products-as often and in as many places as possible, and in increasingly large amounts-all in the name of profit.1 In this business-first food environment, obesity and its associated type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and, these days, severe outcomes from COVID-19, are collateral damage.2 Because poor health more strongly affects the most vulnerable members of society,3 public health advocates ought to be demanding immediate, forceful government action to discourage food industry production and marketing of unhealthful products. Obesity prevalence rose in parallel with increasing portion sizes.12 The low prices of ultra-processed foods also encourage overconsumption. Since 1980, the prices of all foods have risen with inflation, but those of soft drinks and snacks rose much less than average, whereas fruits and vegetables became relatively more expensive.13 Low food prices democratize eating in fast-food and other restaurants where portions are large and more calories are consumed. [...]in 2000, Michael Jacobson and I, recognizing the food industry's role in weight gain, recommended measures such as taxes and advertising restrictions that would improve the environment of food choice.18 In 2001, the Surgeon General called for obesity policies to reduce racial, ethnic, gender, and age disparities and stigma;to encourage food companies to provide foods and beverages in reasonable portion sizes;and examine its marketing practices (my emphasis).19 Federal Dietary Guidelines for Americans explicitly target personal choice: they advise individuals to reduce consumption of sugar, salt, and saturated fat. The 2020 objectives include modest goals for increasing the proportion of schools that exclude sugar-sweetened beverages and for increasing the number of states that provide incentives to retail outlets selling foods consistent with dietary guidelines.21 Current guidelines and health objectives not only ignore ultra-processed foods but also ignore three valiant but unsuccessful attempts to address the food industry's role in childhood obesity (an easier target than in adults).

The Lancet ; 397(10275):705-753, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1149568


This report by the Lancet Commission on Public Policy and Health in the Trump Era assesses the repercussions of President Donald Trump's health-related policies and examines the failures and social schisms that enabled his election. Trump exploited low and middle-income white people's anger over their deteriorating life prospects to mobilise racial animus and xenophobia and enlist their support for policies that benefit high-income people and corporations and threaten health. Although Trump's actions were singularly damaging, many of them represent an aggressive acceleration of neoliberal policies that date back 40 years. The suffering and dislocation inflicted by COVID-19 has exposed the frailty of the US social and medical order, and the interconnectedness of society. A new politics is needed, whose appeal rests on a vision of shared prosperity and a kind society. Health-care workers have much to contribute in formulating and advancing that vision, and our patients, communities, and planet have much to gain from it. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)

Am J Public Health ; 111(4): 533-535, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1133764
Non-conventional in English | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-401338