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1.
Rassegna Italiana di Criminologia ; 16(3):201-210, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2203128

ABSTRACT

Revenge porn is the online publication on websites of explicit photographs or videos taken in intimate moments without the person's consent. It is a new form of gender-based violence, as the majority of victims are women. This phenomenon has been growing in recent years due to the increase in popularity and spread of social networks. Since the start of social distancing measures due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the problem has undoubtedly become more serious. The most affected groups are women and adolescents. Phenomena such as revenge porn and cyber-bullying are aberrant aspects of online relationships. Although different in their specificity, they have many elements in common, which, unfortunately, in some cases, have led to dramatic out-comes, pushing the victims to suicide. This contribution aims at fully framing the issue from a social point of view and outlining its legal characteristics with reference to the European and Italian legal framework, starting from the analysis of the data presented within the report presented on 24 November 2020 by the Italian Ministry of Justice, containing a statistical analysis of the impact in terms of diffusion of the revenge porn phenomenon one year after the entry into force of the law of 19 July 2019 (the so-called "Codice Rosso”), which introduced the specific crime of unlawful dissemination of sexually explicit images or videos. © 2022 Author(s).

2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(22): 7135-7143, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1552080

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Understanding the evolutionary dynamics of the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in the coming months is a matter of great importance and urgency for governments worldwide, making fundamental decisions based on what is known about the transmission mechanisms of the virus and its survival in the environment. The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of demographic variables, solar radiation and relative humidity on the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic of the various regions in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective longitudinal study was conducted, and data used in this study was obtained from the Italian Health Ministry. Descriptive statistics included mean, frequency, and percentage, and results presented by graphs were calculated. RESULTS: The infection trend was investigated by comparing it with the demographic situation and the irradiation indices of solar ultraviolet light that are detected with the changing seasons. The present study reported that the geographic areas with higher population density and lower solar radiation during the autumn and winter months were most affected by SARS-CoV-2. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis carried out can provide a predictive model for the future phases of the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy, regardless of the adoption of lockdown measures and behavioral factors.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/transmission , Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control , Meteorological Concepts , Seasons , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/virology , Disease Outbreaks/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Longitudinal Studies , Population Density , Predictive Value of Tests , Quarantine/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects
3.
Studies in Systems, Decision and Control ; 366:897-927, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1516837

ABSTRACT

After the identification of SARS-CoV-2 virus in China, it has spread worldwide at a rapid pace. To control novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), there is no particular treatments/immunizations are available yet. However, to avoid the risk of immediate spreading between infected individuals, and healthcare workers, most organizations adopting virtual media devices in order asses the symptomatic behaviour of patient and these services are well known for telehealth services. On other hand, repositioning of drugs can offer a controlling strategy, and several drugs including remdesivir, lopinavir/ritonavir, hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), and favipiravir were repurposed. The availability of an authenticated vaccine against COVID19 will be hard to produce in the coming days, therefore it is important to propose a pharmacological strategy to combat this disease. In this chapter, the authors present the investigation of controlling and preventing methods by telemedical services during a novel coronavirus outbreak. Besides, it can also report the current drug available information and future developments that need to present new strategies for developing pharmacy facilities. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

4.
Primary Health Care Research and Development ; 22, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1294421

ABSTRACT

Aim: To analyze scientific literature on the development and implementation of the Chronic Care Model (CCM) in treating chronic diseases in the Italy context. Besides, to evaluate the effects of the activities carried out by the operators participating in the CCM on clinical care. Background: Italy is the second country globally for longevity, with 21.4% of citizens over 65 and 6.4% over 80. The CCM fits into this context, a care model aimed primarily at patients suffering from chronic diseases, especially in emergencies, as the recent COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Cinahl, and Cochrane Library scientific databases were consulted, and the records selected as relevant by title and abstract by nine independent scholars, and disagreements were resolved through discussion. Finally, the studies included in this review were selected based on the eligibility criteria. Results: Twenty potentially relevant studies were selected, and after applying the eligibility criteria and screening by the Critical Appraisal Skills Program tool, eight included in this review. The studies showed the effectiveness of CCM for managing patients with heart failure in primary care settings and significant improvements in clinical outcomes, the reduction of inappropriate emergency room access for chronic patients, and the improvement of patients' overall health with diabetes. The CCM organizational model is effective in improving the management of metabolic control and the main cardiovascular risk factors. Furthermore, this modality also allows doctors to dedicate more space to patients in the disease's acute phase. Conclusion: The CCM, with its fundamental pillars of empowering self-management of care, could represent a valid alternative to health management. The managers of health services, especially territorial ones, could consider the CCM for the improvement of the treatments offered. © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press.

5.
International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health [Electronic Resource] ; 18(7):06, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1209127

ABSTRACT

Violence against women emerges with tragic regularity in the daily news. It is now an evident trace of a dramatic social problem, the characteristics of which are not attributable to certain economic, cultural, or religious conditions of the people involved but affect indiscriminately, in a unanimous way, our society. The study is a survey about the number of hospital admissions due to episodes attributable to violence against women, recorded by the Niguarda Hospital in Milan in the period 1 March-30 May from 2017 to 2020. This period, in 2020, corresponds to the coronavirus Lockdown in Italy. All the medical records of the Emergency department were reviewed, and the extracted data classified in order to identify the episodes of violence against women and the features of the reported injuries and the characteristics of the victims. The data did not show an increase in the number of cases in 2020 compared to previous years, but we did find a notable increase in the severity of injuries.

6.
Rivista Italiana di Medicina Legale e del Diritto in Campo Sanitario ; 2020(2):927-935, 2020.
Article in Italian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-958825

ABSTRACT

With a pandemic such as the one caused by COVID - 19, health systems all over the world need to find a functional and decisive strategy as soon as possible. The virtualization of therapeutic and care approaches, the so-called "telemedicine", can represent a fundamental tool to ensure a direct real life-like meeting between patients and health workers thus reducing the spread of the infection. The poor interconnection between telemedicine services operating at different levels, the lack of a real multidimensional approach to the patient care, the management of privacy, the lack of clear regulations and guidelines, hamper the implementation of effective remote medicine solutions for pandemic management and full implementation of an integrated telemedicine system. The COVID-1 9 pandemic is expected to help promote heller use and integration of these new resources into the paraphernalia of health services. Telemedicine should strongly no longer be considered as an option or an additional component to react to an emergency but it has t o become an integral part of a national health system equipped to face Jul ure pandemics such as the one in progress. © 2020 Giuffre Editore SpA. All rights reserved.

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