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1.
Drug Evaluation Research ; 45(7):1426-1434, 2022.
Article in Chinese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1964551

ABSTRACT

In order to comprehensively understand the research hotspots and development trends of Lonicera Japonica Flos in the past 20 years, and to provide intuitive data reference and objective opinions and suggestions for subsequent related research in this field, this study collected 8 871 Chinese literature and 311 English literature related to Lonicera Japonica Flos research in the core collection databases of Wanfang Data), CNKI and Web of Science (WOS) from 2002 to 2021, and conducted bibliometric and visual analysis using vosviewer. The results showed that the research on the active components of Lonicera Japonica Flos based on phenolic acid components, the research on the mechanism of novel coronavirus pneumonia based on data mining and molecular docking technology, and the pharmacological research on the anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties of Lonicera Japonica Flos are the three hot research directions in the may become the future research direction. In this paper, we analyze the research on Lonicera Japonica Flos from five aspects: active ingredients, research methods, formulation and preparation, pharmacological effects and clinical applications, aiming to reveal the research hotspots, frontiers and development trends in this field and provide predictions and references for future research. © Drug Evaluation Research 2022.

2.
British Journal of Social Work ; : 15, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1852949

ABSTRACT

Social workers in Wuhan, China were among the first to respond to the public health crisis caused by Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in early 2020. Social workers in Wuhan developed and implemented an effective interventional model integrating online and offline volunteers of multiple professions-the '4 + 1' model-to support affected individuals in the process of battling the pandemic. Transformational social work leadership played a vital role in the widely adopted model in China, characterised by idealised influence-attributed (or charisma);idealised influence-behavioural;inspirational motivation;intellectual stimulation and individual consideration. Contextual performance is also discussed, followed by a discussion on why social work can play a leadership role in inter-disciplinary intervention in the pandemic crisis. The article concludes with the areas social workers can improve on for the betterment of leadership.

3.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; 52(8):2438-2448, 2021.
Article in Chinese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1229449

ABSTRACT

Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma is a commonly used clinical compatible Chinese herbal medicine, which is listed as one of the highest grade herb in Shengnong's Classic of Materia Medica. Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma has a variety of chemical constituents, and more than 400 kinds of flavonoids, triterpenoids, coumarins, stilbenoids and other kinds of compounds have been found so far. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma has a wide range of anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, neuroprotective, liver protective, and other pharmacological effects. Related research progress on newly discovered chemical components, artificially modified chemical constituents, effects of processing on chemical components, and pharmacological effects at home and abroad in recent years are reviewed in this paper, which will provide references for the further development of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma.

4.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University (Medical Sciences) ; 41(6):945-949, 2020.
Article in Chinese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-961827

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is highly infectious and causes severe harm to human health. Almost everyone is susceptible to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). It is thought that COVID-19 is transmitted via droplets and close contact without protection. Aerosol propagation is possible in confined space. Preclinical patients and recessive infected people have certain infectivity, which increases the difficulty of prevention and control. Treatment for cancer patients needs to be continuous. Cancer patients on radiotherapy once a day need continuous treatment. Since a large number of patients come to the hospital for radiotherapy, medical staff need to contact them frequently. It is particularly important to absolutely avoid cross infection between tumor patients and medical staff. To this end, we have developed detailed management strategies, including establishing a core group, standardizing inpatient diagnosis and treatment processes, standardizing outpatient radiotherapy patient process, strengthening the ward and room disinfection, strengthening personnel management and other measures. We hope this paper provides reference for the department of tumor radiotherapy. © 2020, Editorial Board of Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University (Medical Sciences). All right reserved.

5.
Research of Environmental Sciences ; 33(7):1596-1603, 2020.
Article in Chinese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-832742

ABSTRACT

Up to now, 2019-nCoV has spread all over the world. The detection of 2019-nCoV in feces and wastewater suggests the possibility of water-borne transmission. It is significant for the prevention and control of water-borne infections and the risk assessment of viruses to understand the impact of various environmental factors on the survival and transmission of water-borne viruses in the aqueous environment. These factors are investigated by studying the international related researches. It has been suggested that the survival and transmission of pathogenic viruses in the aqueous environment are closely related to the ultraviolet irradiation, temperature, pH, salinity, microorganisms and suspended particles in water. The main influences include: (1) The low temperature in water can greatly prolong the survival time of viruses and facilitate the spread of viruses, while the high temperature can accelerate the inactivation of viruses and reduce the transmission of viruses. (2) Ultraviolet irradiation can remove and inactivate viruses effectively by destroying the viral nucleic acids. (3) Microbes in water inactivate viruses by producing detrimental metabolites, or using the viral capsid as a source of nutrients. (4) The adsorption of viruses on a large number of suspended particles can significantly prolong the survival time of viruses, therefore enhancing viral transmission in water;In addition, suspended particles can also promote or hinder the transmission and retention of viruses in porous media. (5) Water pH affects the aggregation of viruses by changing their surface charges, thereby affecting their persistence in the aqueous environment. (6) Inorganic ions change the activity of viruses by affecting their aggregation and adsorption properties. The impacts of environmental factors on the survival of viruses may vary with different viral characteristics. Therefore, the studies on 2019-nCoV should be further explored, such as the survival variability in the aqueous environment, the occurrence and fate in wastewater and drinking water treatment process, as well as the long-term monitoring and quantitative risk assessment in wastewater, recreational water and drinking water. © 2020, Editorial Board, Research of Environmental Sciences. All right reserved.

6.
Research of Environmental Sciences ; 33(7):1589-1595, 2020.
Article in Chinese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-829318

ABSTRACT

The contagion of the new coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) not only seriously endangers the safety of human, but also affects the development of the national economy. There are few reports on factors influencing the transmission of 2019-nCoV, such as environmental conditions (humidity and temperature), air pollution, and human activities. It is difficult to sample and research 2019-nCoV directly. Therefore, it is significant to investigate the factors influencing the spread and survival of other similar viruses, which is instructional for the prevention of epidemics and the control of 2019-nCoV transmission. The results show that: (1) Low temperature and low humidity could prolong the lifetime and increase the transmission of coronavirus, especially on dry surfaces. For example, coronavirus can survive on a smooth surface at a temperature of 22-25 ℃ and a relative humidity (RH) of 40%-45% for more than 5 days. (2) Similarly, the survival rates of the aerosolized coronavirus is also high in a closed environment at low temperature and low humidity, 2019-nCoV may hold high survival rates at a temperature of 20-25 ℃ and a relative humidity of 30%-50%. (3) The higher the particle concentration, the risk of 2019-nCoV transmission may increase. (4) The behavior of infected people also plays a important role in the transmission of 2019-nCoV. The transmission of virus can be reduced by avoiding sneezing and coughing in the crowd, and blocking the transmission of droplets using hands, elbows or other objects. Considering the above analysis, some suggestions for the prevention and control the epidemics are made, such as improving the indoor microenvironment, investigating the detection, inactivation, influence factors and propagation characteristics of 2019-nCoV. © 2020, Editorial Board, Research of Environmental Sciences. All right reserved.

7.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(3): 187-191, 2020 Mar 23.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-590726

ABSTRACT

Objective: From December 2019, the new coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) broke out in Wuhan, Hubei, and spread rapidly to the nationwide. On January 20, 2020, the National Health Committee classified COVID-19 pneumonia as one of B class infectious diseases and treated it as class A infectious disease. During the epidemic period, the routine diagnosis and treatment of tumor patients was affected with varying degrees. In this special period, we performed the superiority of the multi-disciplinary team of diagnosis and treatment, achieved accurate diagnosis and treatment of patients with hepatobiliary malignant tumors, provided support for these patients with limited medical resources, and helped them to survive during the epidemic period.On the basis of fully understanding the new coronavirus pneumonia, the treatment strategy should be changed timely during the epidemic, and more appropriate treatment methods should be adopted to minimize the adverse effect of the epidemic on tumor treatment.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , Biliary Tract Neoplasms/diagnosis , COVID-19 , China , Communicable Disease Control/methods , Coronavirus/pathogenicity , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Humans , Immunocompromised Host , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Patient Care Planning , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Risk , SARS-CoV-2
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