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Resour Policy ; 79: 103098, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2086689


The COVID-19 pandemic has led to extensive news coverage, causing investor sentiment to swing, which has further increased financial market price volatility. There is an increasing need to find a hedge against sentiment risk. This paper examines the hedge capabilities of gold and Bitcoin against COVID-19-related news sentiment (CNS) risk under a nonlinear autoregressive distributed lag (NARDL) model. Our empirical results reveal that there is an obvious asymmetric effect from the CNS on gold prices in the short run and that the decrease in the COVID-19-related news index would have a greater impact on gold prices than when it increases. The impact of CNS on Bitcoin prices is asymmetric in the long and short term, especially in the long term. In addition, we conclude that gold is a hedge against CNS risk in the long term, and the hedging effect of Bitcoin is mainly reflected in the short-term.

Resour Policy ; 73: 102173, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1281557


Based on the high-frequency heterogeneous autoregressive (HAR) model, this paper investigates whether coronavirus news (in China and globally) contains incremental information to predict the volatility of China's crude oil, and studies which types of coronavirus news can better forecast China's crude oil volatility. Considering the information overlap among various coronavirus news items and making full use of the information in various coronavirus news items, this paper uses two prevailing shrinkage methods, lasso and elastic nets, to select coronavirus news items and then uses the HAR model to predict China's crude oil volatility. The results show that (i) coronavirus news can be utilized to significantly predict China's crude oil volatility for both in-sample and out-of-sample analyses; (ii) the Panic Index (PI) and the Country Sentiment Index (CSI) have a greater impact on China's crude oil volatility. Additionally, China's Fake News Index (FNI) have a significant impact on China's crude oil volatility forecast; and (iii) global coronavirus news provides more incremental information than China's coronavirus news for predicting the volatility of China's crude oil market, which indicates that global coronavirus news is also a key factor to consider when predicting the market volatility of China's crude oil.