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1.
Infect Agent Cancer ; 17(1): 49, 2022 Sep 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2021315

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) are more likely to develop severe course of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and experience increased risk of mortality compared to SARS-CoV-2 patients without CRC. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in CRC patients and analyse the demographic parameters, clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes in CRC patients with COVID-19 illness. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched Proquest, Medline, Embase, Pubmed, CINAHL, Wiley online library, Scopus and Nature for studies on the incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in CRC patients, published from December 1, 2019 to December 31, 2021, with English language restriction. Effect sizes of prevalence were pooled with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Sub-group analyses were performed to minimize heterogeneity. Binary logistic regression model was used to explore the effect of various demographic and clinical characteristics on patient's final treatment outcome (survival or death). RESULTS: Of the 472 papers that were identified, 69 articles were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis (41 cohort, 16 case-report, 9 case-series, 2 cross-sectional, and 1 case-control studies). Studies involving 3362 CRC patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 (all patients were adults) were analyzed. The overall pooled proportions of CRC patients who had laboratory-confirmed community-acquired and hospital-acquired SARS-CoV-2 infections were 8.1% (95% CI 6.1 to 10.1, n = 1308, 24 studies, I2 98%, p = 0.66), and 1.5% (95% CI 1.1 to 1.9, n = 472, 27 studies, I2 94%, p < 0.01). The median patient age ranged from 51.6 years to 80 years across studies. The majority of the patients were male (n = 2243, 66.7%) and belonged to White (Caucasian) (n = 262, 7.8%), Hispanic (n = 156, 4.6%) and Asian (n = 153, 4.4%) ethnicity. The main source of SARS-CoV-2 infection in CRC patients was community-acquired (n = 2882, 85.7%; p = 0.014). Most of those SARS-CoV-2 patients had stage III CRC (n = 725, 21.6%; p = 0.036) and were treated mainly with surgical resections (n = 304, 9%) and chemotherapies (n = 187, 5.6%), p = 0.008. The odd ratios of death were significantly high in patients with old age (≥ 60 years) (OR 1.96, 95% CI 0.94-0.96; p < 0.001), male gender (OR 1.44, 95% CI 0.41-0.47; p < 0.001) CRC stage III (OR 1.54, 95% CI 0.02-1.05; p = 0.041), CRC stage IV (OR 1.69, 95% CI 0.17-1.2; p = 0.009), recent active treatment with chemotherapies (OR 1.35, 95% CI 0.5-0.66; p = 0.023) or surgical resections (OR 1.4, 95% CI 0.8-0.73; p = 0.016) and admission to ICU (OR 1.88, 95% CI 0.85-1.12; p < 0.001) compared to those who survived. CONCLUSION: SARS-CoV-2 infection in CRC patient is not uncommon and results in a mortality rate of 26.2%. Key determinants that lead to increased mortality in CRC patients infected with COVID-19 include older age (≥ 60 years old); male gender; Asian and Hispanic ethnicity; if SARS-CoV-2 was acquired from hospital source; advanced CRC (stage III and IV); if patient received chemotherapies or surgical treatment; and if patient was admitted to ICU, ventilated or experienced ARDS.

2.
American Journal of Kidney Diseases ; 79(4):S96-S97, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1996902

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 infection predisposes patients to a hypercoagulable state. The clinical significance of concomitantly positive antiphospholipid antibodies as a risk factor for thrombus formation is unknown. We report a case of renal infarct secondary to COVID-19 infection with mildly elevated antiphospholipid antibodies. A 71-year- old woman with a history of hypertension, supraventricular tachycardia, resected carcinoid tumor in remission, COVID-19 infection (20 days prior), presented to the hospital with acute onset severe left lower quadrant pain radiating to the left flank for one day. She reported a fever of 101 F. Vital signs were normal in the emergency room. Physical exam showed left costovertebral angle tenderness, otherwise benign abdomen with no guarding or rigidity. Laboratory findings showed normal liver function tests, mildly elevated creatinine at 1.1 mg/dl (baseline 0.8 mg/dl), and leukocytosis (14.2 K/ul). Urinalysis showed no evidence of proteinuria or microscopic hematuria. CT scan of the abdomen demonstrated a large area of patchy hypoattenuation involving the upper pole and interpolar region of the left kidney with adjacent perinephric inflammation representing a sequela of an infarct. Hypercoagulable workup including HIV, hepatitis, ANA, ANCA, complements, B2 glycoprotein, homocysteine, factor V Leiden, anti-thrombin III, protein C, protein S were done. All tests resulted negative except for mildly elevated anticardiolipin antibody, IgM 12.90 MPL (normal 0.00-12.49 MPL). Holter monitor was negative for atrial fibrillation. An echocardiogram did not show any thrombus. Considering her negative tests, renal infarct was believed to be secondary to a hypercoagulable state from COVID-19 infection. Antiphospholipid antibodies repeated 3 months after this admission were mildly elevated. Renal infarction was treated with a heparin infusion and was subsequently transitioned to apixaban. Acute kidney injury resolved with intravenous fluid resuscitation. At a 3-month follow-up, her renal function remained stable with a resolution of symptoms. Renal artery infarct is a possible thrombotic complication of COVID -19. Role of lupus anticoagulant antibodies in increasing this risk warrants further studies.

3.
International Journal of Phytomedicine ; 12(2):35-41, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1897033

ABSTRACT

Ayurveda and Siddha systems are the two ancient medical systems originated in India more than 4000 years ago had given many formulary and treatment methods against influenza like infections. Kabasura churan from Siddha system and Maha sudharshan churan from the Ayurvedic system are the two major formulations along with many other individual herbs mentioned in the texts to treat Influenza like infections. Kabasura churan and Maha Sudarshan churan both have antipyretic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. Both formulations were prepared according to Siddha and Ayurvedic texts. Herbs mentioned in both formulations like Turmeric, Tulsi (Basil), Kalmegh (Andrographis), Black Pepper, Liquorice (Mulethi), and Dronapushpi (Leucas) etc., had direct antiviral effect. Herbs like Aswagandha, Ginger, Guduchi (Tinospora), Kulanjan (Galangal) etc., had immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effect. Active compounds from different herbs were selected to study their antiviral activity through molecular docking algorithm. Application of modern of tools like Bioinformatics and Highthroughput screening methods can predict the efficacy of the ancient documented formulations and can be compared as per their literature. Compounds like curcumin, Glycyrrhizin, Ursolic acid, Quercetin, Andrographolide, Coumarins etc. were showed polyspecific activity like inhibition of Spike protein, Furin, Main Protease (Mpro) and Papain like Proteases (PLpro). Thus we propose use of Kabasura churan and Maha Sudharshan churan as alternative complementary medicine as a palliative treatment against COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 by conducting proper Randomized Clinical Trials.

6.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology ; 79(9):2119-2119, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1849051
7.
International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research ; 21(3):281-300, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1848084

ABSTRACT

Online learning has become a practical method in the teaching and learning process, especially during the unprecedented Covid-19 pandemic. Additionally, this situation has forced students to adapt to the new norms of the virtual learning environment. This study intends to validate the instrument used to measure the students’ adaptability to online learning (SOLE). A total of 316 students were selected using purposive sampling from several universities in Malaysia. The validity and reliability of SOLE were both evaluated using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. As a result of the findings, the instruments remained at 35 items across four constructs, namely physical, spiritual, and emotional as well as the students’ values. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the scales is above 0.85. The results reveal that overall student adaptability is at a high level across all constructs. It was also observed that there is a significant relation between emotional constructs and SOLE (t=4.726, p<0.000), physical constructs and SOLE (t=6.899, p<0.000), as well as between spiritual constructs and SOLE (t=9.461, p<0.000). Based on this finding, the SOLE instrument has proven to be a suitable instrument measurement to assist students in the context of adjusting to an online learning condition, even though further research is necessary to be carried out on a more diverse population. © 2022 Society for Research and Knowledge Management. All rights reserved.

8.
Journal of Oral Research ; 10(3), 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1662902

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 pandemic has caused an unprecedented strike on humanity around the world. The scenario in Bangladesh is getting worse day by day, and every aspect of the society is observing its impact. Health care professionals are at a greater risk of contracting the disease while caring for patients. Objective: The research objective is to explore knowledge, awareness, and practices of registered dentists regarding COVID-19 epidemiology and transmission during the rapid outbreak of this highly contagious virus in Bangladesh. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted among the dentists who were enrolled with their valid unique Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council (BMDC) registration number. A structured questionnaire was distributed among the dentists through different social media platforms. A total of 184 dentists participated in the survey between March and April 2020. Both descriptive analysis and multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed. Results: The dentists' mean age was 31.75 years, with a standard deviation of 6.5 years. About 29.3% of dentists completed their postgraduate qualification, and 76% of them were engaged in private practice at the time of data collection. Compared to the dentists with undergraduate education, the dentists with a postgraduate education are three times (OR=3.1, 95%CI 1.2-7.9 and over 5 times (OR=5.3, 95% CI: 1.2-23.3) more likely to have) better knowledge and practices toward COVID-19 respectively. Dentists aged 26-30 years are less likely to have good practices than the younger dentists (OR:.1;95% CI:.01-.5). However, dentists with less than five years experience are 10.3 (1.6-68.9) times more likely to have good practices compared to the dentists with more experience. Conclusion: Majority of the dentists from Bangladesh have shown good knowledge, awareness, and practice regarding COVID-19. We recommend that the healthcare authorities, professional organizations, and hospitals coordinate, and conduct mandatory advanced infectious disease training for all the practicing dentists in the country. © 2021, Universidad de Concepcion. All rights reserved.

9.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 15(9):2837-2840, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1554426

ABSTRACT

Objective: The goal of the study was to report clinical characteristics, contributing variables and outcome of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-Associated mucormycosis (CAM). Study Design: Observational/descriptive study Place and Duration: Multan Medical and Dental College and Bakhtawar Amin Medical and Dental College. Duration Jan 2021 to July 2021. Methods: Total 90 patients of both genders had symptoms of mucormycosis during pandemic corona virus disease were presented in this study. Patients were aged between 22-80 years. Patients detailed demographics age, sex, body mass index and duration of disease were calculated after taking informed written consent. Patients were admitted in COVID-19 emergency ward and underwent for RT-PCR and MRI. Comorbidities, symptoms and cause of mucormycosis were assessed. At the end of study mortality rate, hospital stay and ICU admission were calculated. The SPSS 20.0 version was used to examine the entire set of data. Results: Majority of the patients 65 (72.2%) were males and the rest were females 25 (27.8%). Mean age of the patients were 51.42±12.64 years with mean BMI 28.44±8.72 kg/m2. 55 (61.1%) cases had COVID-19 and 35 (38.9%) were recovered from corona virus in this study. Mean duration of mucormycosis was 18.08±7.11 days. Most common symptoms of disease were eye pain/swollen of eyes, nasal stiffness, headache and blurring of vision. Rhino-orbital mucormycosis found in 63 (70%) cases. Majority of the cases were from urban areas 60 (66.7%) and 38 (42.2%) were literate. Diabetes mellitus was the most common comorbidity found in 70 (77.8%). Frequent consumption of the steroids during pandemic disease was the most common cause found in 59 (65.6%) cases. Mortality rate was 32 (35.6%) at the end of study. Conclusion: In this study we found that the complication of COVID-19 in high-risk patients can be mucormycosis. Poor diabetes mellitus is a significant CAM predisposing factor and frequent usage of excess steroids were the most common cause. Systematic surveillance for diabetes mellitus control and to educate the doctors are indicated for early detection of CAM.

10.
Lancet Healthy Longevity ; 2(7):E436-E443, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1337972

ABSTRACT

The 2030 Sustainable Development Goals agenda calls for health data to be disaggregated by age. However, age groupings used to record and report health data vary greatly, hindering the harmonisation, comparability, and usefulness of these data, within and across countries. This variability has become especially evident during the COVID-19 pandemic, when there was an urgent need for rapid cross-country analyses of epidemiological patterns by age to direct public health action, but such analyses were limited by the lack of standard age categories. In this Personal View, we propose a recommended set of age groupings to address this issue. These groupings are informed by age-specific patterns of morbidity, mortality, and health risks, and by opportunities for prevention and disease intervention. We recommend age groupings of 5 years for all health data, except for those younger than 5 years, during which time there are rapid biological and physiological changes that justify a finer disaggregation. Although the focus of this Personal View is on the standardisation of the analysis and display of age groups, we also outline the challenges faced in collecting data on exact age, especially for health facilities and surveillance data. The proposed age disaggregation should facilitate targeted, age-specific policies and actions for health care and disease management.

11.
International Journal of Children's Rights ; 29(2):475-495, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1288490

ABSTRACT

With the help of narratives of migrant workers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, this article seeks to understands the impacts of the covid-19 (known as the 2019 novel coronavirus) pandemic on the rights of their children and children’s siblings in Pakistan. The pandemic impacted the flow of remittances to their families, which further impacted children’s right to education, livelihoods and food. They also revealed that the pandemic had impacted their children’s right to protection, play and development. Children had lost the freedom to play and go outside, socialise and learn. Migrant workers’ children and siblings with limited financial support should have been provided with adequate financial and social security support by Pakistan, but they were not. They also revealed that during the pandemic, children were also regular victims of harsh treatment and physical abuse by adult family members, reflecting the exacerbation of issues of breaches of their fundamental right to protection and emotional integrity. © koninklijke brill nv, leiden, 2021.

12.
Comput Biol Med ; 135: 104570, 2021 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1267639

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The spread of a novel severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has affected both the public health and the global economy. The current study was aimed at analysing the genetic sequence of this highly contagious corona virus from an evolutionary perspective, comparing the genetic variation features of different geographic strains, and identifying the key miRNAs as well as their gene targets from the transcriptome data of infected lung tissues. METHODS: A multilevel robust computational analysis was undertaken for viral genetic sequence alignment, phylogram construction, genome-wide transcriptome data interpretation of virus-infected lung tissues, miRNA mapping, and functional biology networking. RESULTS: Our findings show both genetic similarities as well as notable differences in the S protein length among SARS-CoV-1, SARS-CoV-2 and MERS viruses. All SARS-CoV-2 strains showed a high genetic similarity with the parent Wuhan strain, but Saudi Arabian, South African, USA, Russia and New Zealand strains carry 3 additional genetic variations like P333L (RNA -dependant RNA polymerase), D614G (spike), and P4715L (ORF1ab). The infected lung tissues demonstrated the upregulation of 282 (56.51%) antiviral defensive response pathway genes and downregulation of 217 (43.48%) genes involved in autophagy and lung repair pathways. By miRNA mapping, 4 key miRNAs (hsa-miR-342-5p, hsa-miR-432-5p, hsa-miR-98-5p and hsa-miR-17-5p), targeting multiple host genes (MYC, IL6, ICAM1 and VEGFA) as well as SARS-CoV2 gene (ORF1ab) were identified. CONCLUSION: Systems biology methods offer a new perspective in understanding the molecular basis for the faster spread of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The antiviral miRNAs identified in this study may aid in the ongoing search for novel personalized therapeutic avenues for COVID patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , MicroRNAs , Transcriptome , Computational Biology , Humans , Lung , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Viral , SARS-CoV-2 , Saudi Arabia , Systems Biology
13.
Australasian Accounting, Business and Finance Journal ; 15(2):103-113, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1234944

ABSTRACT

This study analyses and presents accounting academics’ experiences in six universities in Australia, Malaysia, and Indonesia to adapt to the swift change to the remote virtual classroom delivery model forced by the COVID-19 pandemic, while also gaining valuable lessons from this unique situation. In this study, autoethnography’s basic principles were used. The main results suggest that the universities’ combined current information and communication technologies, learning management systems, blended learning experiences, training, and supports, although not without hitches, were able to accommodate the shift to a remote virtual classroom model quite effectively. However, the move to fully online assessment has been conceded to likely increase the embedded risk of student cheating. The availability of reliable internet connection for students is also crucial in ensuring access equality and effective remote virtual classroom delivery. © 2021 Australasian Accounting Business and Finance Journal and Authors.

14.
Biomark Med ; 15(8): 541-549, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1229135

ABSTRACT

Aim: COVID-19 pandemic continues and dearth of information remains considering the utility of various inflammatory biomarkers. We carried out the present study to delineate the roles of these biomarkers in various strata of patients with coronavirus infection. Materials & methods: A retrospective study was carried out after obtaining approval from the relevant Ethics Committee. Patients established with COVID-19 infection as shown by positive real-time quantitative PCR test were included. Details on their demographics, diagnosis, whether they received tocilizumab, and the values of the following biomarkers were obtained: IL-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), serum ferritin, D-dimer, procalcitonin, fibrinogen, lactate dehydrogenase and creatinine kinase. Receiver operating characteristic curves were plotted and correlation of biomarkers with IL-6 were estimated. Results: One-hundred and three patients were recruited. We observed that serum ferritin followed by D-dimer had better predictive accuracy in identifying patients with pneumonia compared with asymptomatic; and CRP in addition to the earlier markers had better accuracy for predicting severe illness compared with mild-moderate. Serum IL-6 levels were significantly higher in patients with severe illness admitted in intensive care unit. Significantly, higher levels of IL-6 and serum ferritin were observed in patients receiving tocilizumab. A trend of increased IL-6 levels was observed immediately following the initiation of tocilizumab therapy followed by a drop thereafter. Conclusion: We observed serum ferritin, D-dimer and CRP to accurately predict patients developing severe COVID-19 infections as well as those at risk of developing COVID pneumonia. A trend in IL-6 levels was observed in patients on tocilizumab therapy.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , COVID-19 Testing , COVID-19/diagnosis , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/analysis , Procalcitonin/blood , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Bahrain/epidemiology , COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/virology , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Inflammation Mediators/blood , Male , Middle Aged , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index
15.
Electronics (Switzerland) ; 10(9), 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1219380

ABSTRACT

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the world has faced a significant challenge in the increase of the rate of morbidity and mortality among people, particularly the elderly aged patients. The risk of acquiring infections may increase during the visit of patients to the hospitals. The utilisation of technology such as the “Internet of Things (IoT)” based on Fog Computing and Cloud Computing turned out to be efficient in enhancing the healthcare quality services for the patients. The present paper aims at gaining a better understanding and insights into the most effective and novel IoTbased applications such as Cloud Computing and Fog Computing and their implementations in the healthcare field. The research methodology employed the collection of the information from the databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, MEDLINE, and Science Direct. There are five research articles selected after 2015 based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria set for the study. The findings of the studies included in this paper indicate that IoT-based Fog Computing and Cloud Computing increase the delivery of healthcare quality services to patients. The technology showed high efficiency in terms of convenience, reliability, safety, and cost-effectiveness. Future studies are required to incorporate the models that provided the best quality services using the Fog and Cloud Computation techniques for the different user requirements. Moreover, edge computing could be used to significantly enhance the provision of health services at home. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

16.
Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC ; 32(Suppl 1)(4):S595-S601, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1145858

ABSTRACT

Background: A lot remains anonymous about the characteristics and laboratory findings that may evaluate poor outcomes in patients with Coronavirus disease 2019. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of change in the peripheral blood factors of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio, derived-Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio, Lymphocyte-to-Monocyte Ratio, and Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and its severity. Methods: Cross-sectional analytical study was performed at Department of Haematology in Pak Emirates Military Hospital affiliated with Army Medical College, Rawalpindi, Pakistan from March-July 2020. We included 735 patients confirmed by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase-chain-reaction test for subacute respiratory syndrome corona virus-2 of all ages, irrespective of gender and were classified in groups of severe and non-severe groups. Results: Data of blood and baseline characteristics were compared in between the two groups and found to be significant (p-value <0.001). The median age was 46.3 years, and 82 cases were only females. Receiver operator curve demonstrated larger area under the curve of NLR, d-NLR, and PLR and showed them as independent diagnostic biomarkers which were significantly associated with the severity of illness. Binary logistic regression performed in the form of forest plot also showed these factors were significantly linked with the severity (p-value <0.001). Conclusion: NLR, d-NLR, and PLR along with pre-existing co morbidities can be used as an independent biomarker for the poor clinical outcome of COVID-19 illness.

17.
New Microbes New Infect ; 38: 100818, 2020 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-965177

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may present as acute abdomen, although the pathophysiology remains obscure. We report the case of a 45-year-old-man with severe COVID-19 pneumonia with associated pulmonary embolism who presented with acute abdomen. He underwent emergency laparotomy and resection of an ischaemic area of the jejunum. Postoperatively, he had septic shock, acute respiratory distress syndrome and acute kidney injury necessitating continuous renal replacement therapy. We administered antibiotics and therapeutic anticoagulation along with two sessions of haemoadsorption by CytoSorb filter, in conjunction with continuous renal replacement therapy. The patient survived. Bowel ischaemia due to thromboembolic disease should be promptly treated. Extracorporeal blood purification may be useful in managing sepsis in severe COVID-19.

18.
IEEE Internet Computing ; 24(5):45-53, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-939655

ABSTRACT

The COVID19 Pandemic has highlighted our dependence on online services (from government, e-commerce/retail, and entertainment), often hosted over external cloud computing infrastructure. The users of these services interact with a web interface rather than the larger distributed service provisioning chain that can involve an interlinked group of providers. The data and identity of users are often provided to service provider who may share it (or have automatic sharing agreement) with backend services (such as advertising and analytics). We propose the development of compliance-aware cloud application engineering, which is able to improve transparency of personal data use-particularly with reference to the European GDPR regulation. Key compliance operations and the perceived implementation challenges for the realization of these operations in current cloud infrastructure are outlined. © 1997-2012 IEEE.

19.
Journal of Critical Reviews ; 7(5):1136-1144, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-819974

ABSTRACT

The paper presents resilience, self-esteem and religiosity approach to handle COVID 19 pandemic in Malaysia by an individual when facing and overcoming adversities. One of the factors that influence resilience in a person is self-esteem. According to Coopersmith, self-esteem is an individual's self-evaluation of the capability, significance, patience, consistency and flexibility in oneself when facing pressure. Individuals with a high degree of self-esteem can appreciate themselves, evaluate themselves well, accept their capabilities and deficiencies as well as the negatives and positives in life while being a responsible person. Individuals should not only think about themselves but also appreciate others and cultivate a healthy relationship with those around them. This attitude builds an individual with a high degree of resilience. According to Coopersmith, some of the aspects of self-esteem are power, significance, virtue and competence. © 2020 Innovare Academics Sciences Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.

20.
Journal of Critical Reviews ; 7(5):1126-1135, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-819973

ABSTRACT

The paper was designed to examine the effect of reciting to the Quran in restoring the based on Resilience and Mental Health among Quarantined Covid-19 Patients. Reciting the Al Quran is a phenomenon that is currently shrouding the people around the world, including Malaysia, during the Covid 29 pandemic. The al- Quran has a unique power in changing an individual's inappropriate behaviour to appropriate behaviour. According to Azarpour, Moraditochaeeb, & Bozorgia, the al-Quran contains various elements needed by humankind, such as religious, social, economic, health, medical, scientific, political and other aspects, as a guide for achieving prosperity in this life and the afterlife, reciting the al-Quran daily showers a person with continuous serenity, which is a very effective therapy for a person facing pressures in life. The al-Quran also provides all the internal and external needs required by a person to face the various challenges in life. Reciting the al-Quran is not only advantageous to a person but listening to recitals can also provide serenity and blessings from Allah S.W.T. © 2020 Innovare Academics Sciences Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.

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