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1.
Conference Proceedings - IEEE SOUTHEASTCON ; 2023-April:456-462, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-20240605

ABSTRACT

Social distancing requirements urged by the COVID-19 pandemic along with high transportation cost reduced inperson meetings significantly in recent times. In consequence, many people are seeking for virtual reality (VR) to feel a similar experiences of visiting and enjoying places that are unaccessible. VR has immense success in domains, such as automotive industry, healthcare, tourism, entertainment, sports etc. It is observed that traditional online synchronous and asynchronous class structure is not quite effective in engaging students in class participation and discussion. Therefore, we introduce a novel VRbased class structure that will simulate the classroom environment for students participating a class virtually. We equipped the classroom with several internet of things (IoT) devices that collects information from the classroom, analyze those information, and determine some interesting information to display for the students participating the class virtually. We design a classroom prototype and validate the prototype with simulation. The result of the simulation shows that such a VR-based classroom model is feasible and can introduce in classrooms. © 2023 IEEE.

2.
Archives of Razi Institute ; 77(5):1527-1538, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2295392

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 caused a serious threat to the world population as it spread worldwide rapidly. Existing medicines and vaccines could not cure and control this deadly disease. In this regard, several vaccines have been proposed and designed to control this infection's spread effectively. Along with these vaccines, the general population should adopt specific lifestyle interventions to strengthen their immune system and combat deadly viruses. We used Google Scholar and PubMed databases to find the related information using key terms such as ‘COVID-19', ‘COVID-19 AND Vaccine efficacy', ‘Lifestyle intervention AND COVID-19', and "Lifestyle intervention AND Vaccines," etc. Only articles that discussed the interactions between lifestyle intervention and the efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines were selected for this study. Several previous clinical trials and scientific observations with influenza, polio, and other viral vaccines have demonstrated that vaccine response varies across individuals for antibody titer, independent of vaccine antigenicity. This different vaccine response observed among individuals is attributed to several factors such as dietary and nutritional habits, physical activity, stress and sleep deprivation, deficiency of micronutrients (minerals, vitamins), gut microbiota composition, immunosenescence, smoking, and drinking habits. Although there is not much information about COVID-19 vaccine efficacy and lifestyle interventions, experience with other vaccines can undoubtedly be used to suggest lifestyle interventions to improve COVID-19 vaccine efficacy. These lifestyle interventions may boost antibody responses against COVID-19 vaccines, leading to higher protection from the disease, especially among elderly and immunocompromised people. In conclusion, the present review attempts to understand the role of various nutritional and psychological factors that lead to poor vaccine response and suggests specific nutritional and psychological interventions that can enhance vaccine efficacy and improve immune response against COVID-19 vaccines.

3.
Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction ; 20(1):175-203, 2023.
Article in En ms | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2288238

ABSTRACT

The literature study found that the communication element is crucial for the success of the team teaching process and various communication strategies practised by teachers when implementing face-to-face team teaching in the classroom. However, there has not been in-depth discussions on virtual team teaching communication strategies, particularly those implemented via live streaming on YouTube. Accordingly, this study identified and analysed themes of virtual team teaching strategies in language teaching and learning (TnL) by language teachers at primary schools (PS), lower secondary schools (LSS) and upper secondary schools (USS). This study will also explain the pattern of use of virtual team teaching strategies in language TnL by PS, LSS and USS teachers based on identified themes and subthemes. Methodology – This qualitative study adopted an unobtrusive method using purposive sampling technique. The sample consisted of three YouTube videos on virtual team teaching for the subject, Bahasa Melayu that represented PS, LSS and USS. The selection of the three YouTube videos was made based on five guidelines for the preparation, evaluation, and observation of language learning on YouTube introduced by Alhamami (2013). ATLAS.ti software was used to perform simple observations and thematic analysis. The analysis process was conducted in six phases, namely familiarizing with the data, generating initial codes, finding themes, reviewing themes, determining and naming themes, and preparing reports. Findings – The results identified seven themes of virtual team teaching strategies practised by teachers, namely reprimand strategy, request and provide assistance strategy, attract student attention strategy, situation control strategy, showing appreciation strategy, information enrichment strategy and humility strategy. Significance –Teachers can strengthen virtual team teaching through this study by applying the seven themes in communication strategies which will be conducted during post Covid-19. © 2023, Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction. All Rights Reserved.

4.
Pathogens ; 12(2)2023 Feb 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2238276

ABSTRACT

This study aims to review the available data regarding the central role of immunity in combating SARS-CoV-2 infection and in the generation of protection by vaccination against COVID-19 in different age groups. Physiologically, the immune response and the components involved in it are variable, both functionally and quantitatively, in neonates, infants, children, adolescents, and adults. These immunological differences are mirrored during COVID-19 infection and in the post-vaccination period. The outcome of SARS-CoV-2 infection is greatly dependent on the reaction orchestrated by the immune system. This is clearly obvious in relation to the clinical status of COVID-19 infection, which can be symptomless, mild, moderate, or severe. Even the complications of the disease show a proportional pattern in relation to the immune response. On the contrary, the commonly used anti-COVID-19 vaccines generate protective humoral and cellular immunity. The magnitude of this immunity and the components involved in it are discussed in detail. Furthermore, many of the adverse effects of these vaccines can be explained on the basis of immune reactions against the different components of the vaccines. Regarding the appropriate choice of vaccine for different age groups, many factors have to be considered. This is a cornerstone, particularly in the following age groups: 1 day to 5 years, 6 to 11 years, and 12 to 17 years. Many factors are involved in deciding the route, doses, and schedule of vaccination for children. Another important issue in this dilemma is the hesitancy of families in making the decision about whether to vaccinate their children. Added to these difficulties is the choice by health authorities and governments concerning whether to make children's vaccination compulsory. In this respect, although rare and limited, adverse effects of vaccines in children have been detected, some of which, unfortunately, have been serious or even fatal. However, to achieve comprehensive control over COVID-19 in communities, both children and adults have to be vaccinated, as the former group represents a reservoir for viral transmission. The understanding of the various immunological mechanisms involved in SARS-CoV-2 infection and in the preparation and application of its vaccines has given the sciences a great opportunity to further deepen and expand immunological knowledge. This will hopefully be reflected positively on other diseases through gaining an immunological background that may aid in diagnosis and therapy. Humanity is still in continuous conflict with SARS-CoV-2 infection and will be for a while, but the future is expected to be in favor of the prevention and control of this disease.

5.
British Journal of Surgery ; 109(Supplement 9):ix25, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2188322

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a tremendous backlog in elective surgical activity, with over six million people on waiting lists and only 64% of patients meeting the 18-week elective standard. Our Hospital Trust adopted an innovative approach to dealing with elective waiting times for cholecystectomy during the recovery phase from COVID-19. This study aimed to evaluate trends in overall cholecystectomy activity and the effect on waiting times. Method(s): A prospective observational study was undertaken investigating patients who received a cholecystectomy at large UK hospital Trust, between February 2021 and February 2022. There were multiple phased strategies to tackle a 533 patient waiting list: Private sector, multiple sites including emergency operating, mobile theatre, and seven-day working. An additional 364 patients were added and 145 removed, for multiple reasons, from the list during the study period. Correlation of determination (R2) and Kruskal-Wallis analysis were used to evaluate trends in waiting times across the study period. Result(s): 657 patients underwent a procedure, of which 628 (95.6%) were completed electively. The median age was 49 years, 602 (91.6%) patients had an ASA of 1-2, and 494 (75.2%) were female. Thirty (4.6%) patients were listed post gallstone pancreatitis, 380 (57.8%) for cholelithiasis, and 228 (34.7%) for cholecystitis. The median length of stay was zero days (IQR 0-1), with 30-day complication (C-D >=3, 1.8%), readmission (3.0%) and mortality (0.0%) rates noted. The current waiting list includes 95 patients, with median waiting times reduced from 428 days (IQR 373-508) to 49 (IQR 34-96), R2=0.654, p<0.001. For pancreatitis specifically, waiting times have dropped from a median of 218 days (IQR 139-239) to 28 (IQR 24-40), R2=0.613, p<0.001. Conclusion(s):We have safely and effectively tackled the cholecystectomy waiting list locally utilising a number of phased strategies. Significant progress is being made towards once again meeting the gold-standard target for gallstone pancreatitis patients. The approach utilised here has potential to be adapted to other units, or other operation types in order to reduce elective waiting times.We have safely and effectively tackled the cholecystectomy waiting list locally utilising a number of phased strategies. Significant progress is being made towards once again meeting the gold-standard target for gallstone pancreatitis patients. The approach utilised here has potential to be adapted to other units, or other operation types in order to reduce elective waiting times.

6.
International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications ; 13(9):250-256, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2081034

ABSTRACT

Malaysia is focused on the development and use of technologies among consumers. Thus, technological innovations are used in the adaptation of online learning to educate students, as well as to enhance the teaching and learning process in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) institutions. There is a need to expose students to the online learning revolution, which conceptualises using computerised systems to facilitate the learning process. However, the COVID-19 outbreak has disrupted the academic year across the country. Due to the unusual circumstances related to the pandemic, the Malaysian government has urged all academic institutions to conduct online teaching and learning. Thus, an e-Learning system, known as SpmiILP, has been designed and developed accordingly for an interactive multimedia course to encourage online interaction among students and lecturers, as well as to enhance human learning and cognitive development. In fact, these essential elements such as learning style of the students and user experience are focused on to engage them in learning effectively as well. An e-Learning System for Interactive Multimedia Course was used to develop the e-Learning system (SpmiILP). The usability test showed that the developed e-Learning system has a positive influence that provided potential contributions to (TVET) students in their learning processes. © 2022, International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications. All Rights Reserved.

7.
HemaSphere ; 6(Suppl), 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2011503
8.
International Conference on Business and Technology, ICBT 2021 ; 488:255-278, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1971435

ABSTRACT

Digital transformation refers to redefining the business process via digital technology. The innovation and digital revolution have remarkable effects on the global economy by affecting organisational relevancy in the marketplace. SMEs are considered as a nation’s growth engine and seriously affected due to tech-adaptation challenges that arise at a fast pace such as COVID-19 outbreaks severely affected the SMEs businesses by the drop in demand and scarcity of resources all across the globe, including ASEAN region such as Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Philippine, Thailand etc. Thus, to begin with digital transformation, enterprises must be aware of the factors influencing it as only few countries are lagging in digital transformation in the ASEAN region. This paper aims to highlight the factors influencing the digital transformation of SMEs focusing on internal and external factors. The Innovation and Technology Adoption Theory was selected as the underpinning theory for this research, along with the holistic Technology-Organisation-Environment (TOE) Model as the chosen framework to reflect technology adoption theory. The present study raises some practical implications for policymakers, government and industries. It will help accelerate the rapid adaptation of digital technology for SMEs and directly affect the growth of SMEs. The present study singled out that organisational, technological and environmental factors provide a widespread view of digital transformation of SMEs. © 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

9.
Arch Razi Inst ; 77(5): 1527-1538, 2022 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1939562

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 caused a serious threat to the world population as it spread worldwide rapidly. Existing medicines and vaccines could not cure and control this deadly disease. In this regard, several vaccines have been proposed and designed to control this infection's spread effectively. Along with these vaccines, the general population should adopt specific lifestyle interventions to strengthen their immune system and combat deadly viruses. We used Google Scholar and PubMed databases to find the related information using key terms such as 'COVID-19', 'COVID-19 AND Vaccine efficacy', 'Lifestyle intervention AND COVID-19', and "Lifestyle intervention AND Vaccines," etc. Only articles that discussed the interactions between lifestyle intervention and the efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines were selected for this study. Several previous clinical trials and scientific observations with influenza, polio, and other viral vaccines have demonstrated that vaccine response varies across individuals for antibody titer, independent of vaccine antigenicity. This different vaccine response observed among individuals is attributed to several factors such as dietary and nutritional habits, physical activity, stress and sleep deprivation, deficiency of micronutrients (minerals, vitamins), gut microbiota composition, immunosenescence, smoking, and drinking habits. Although there is not much information about COVID-19 vaccine efficacy and lifestyle interventions, experience with other vaccines can undoubtedly be used to suggest lifestyle interventions to improve COVID-19 vaccine efficacy. These lifestyle interventions may boost antibody responses against COVID-19 vaccines, leading to higher protection from the disease, especially among elderly and immunocompromised people. In conclusion, the present review attempts to understand the role of various nutritional and psychological factors that lead to poor vaccine response and suggests specific nutritional and psychological interventions that can enhance vaccine efficacy and improve immune response against COVID-19 vaccines.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Vaccine Efficacy , Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/therapeutic use , SARS-CoV-2 , Life Style
10.
Abstract and Applied Analysis ; 2022, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1879160

ABSTRACT

In this paper, a discretization of a three-dimensional fractional-order prey-predator model has been investigated with Holling type III functional response. All its fixed points are determined;also, their local stability is investigated. We extend the discretized system to an optimal control problem to get the optimal harvesting amount. For this, the discrete-time Pontryagin’s maximum principle is used. Finally, numerical simulation results are given to confirm the theoretical outputs as well as to solve the optimality problem.

11.
7th International Conference on Computing in Engineering and Technology, ICCET 2022 ; 303 SIST:340-351, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1877800

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has shut down all educational institutions worldwide and drastically changed learning to a Digital platform. Digital-Learning is a new model for many students. Generally, technological platforms are used for communication and recreation. But, now, it is vastly used for educational purposes. Thus, this study investigated the student perception of the digital learning model and teaching practices in Sri Lanka and Malaysia. An exploratory survey design was used for this comparative study. Data was collected via Google forms scattered through WhatsApp and E-mail to Sri Lanka and Malaysia State University students. A random sampling technique was used to collect the data from 610 respondents and analyzed using SPSS. Descriptive statistics were used to find out the association. Results of the study showed that smartphones and Computers/Laptops are used in Sri Lanka and Malaysia, respectively. Sri Lankan students experience a poor internet connection than Malaysia. Monthly expenditure and internet bills increased due to E-learning in both countries. Digital-Learning before COVID-19 was less experienced in Sri Lanka. Zoom and Google classroom are widely accessed in Malaysia, while Zoom and VLE/Moodle are accessed in Sri Lanka. Sri Lankan students agreed that lecturers provided more prompt feedback on assignments than Malaysian students. Most of the students agreed that the session’s contents met their expectations in both countries. Around half of the students mentioned that they responded quickly to their queries. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

12.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 6(1):1054-1057, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1772277

ABSTRACT

A cluster of atypical pneumonia cases were reported in Wuhan china at the end of 2019. The disease was subsequently named covid-19. Later on it spread across the globe and WHO declared it as greatest pandemic of 21st century. Previous studies show that majority of the patients have hyponatremia, hypokalemia and hypochloremia. Recent study also suggests that the value of D-Dimer, ferritin and troponin I increasewhile O2 saturation drops in covid-19 patients.A cross sectional observational study was carried out in Peshawar Pakistan. A total of 195 patients above 18 years of age, confirmed through real time PCR were studied. Most of the patients have normal levels of electrolytes (Reference range of sodium 135-150mmol/L, potassium 3.5-5.1mmol/L, chloride 96-112mmol/L)while the patients with abnormal levels includedhyponatremic patients (having sodium level less than 135mmol/L), hyperkalemic patients (having potassium level higher than 5.1mmol/L) and hypochloremic patients (having chloride level less than 96mmol/L). The abnormal level of electrolytes is due to renal abnormalities. An association of O2 saturation exists with ferritin and D-Dimer. The level ofTroponin I raisestwofold in COVID-19 patients, which is an important circulatory biomarker associated with myocardial injury.

13.
International Journal of Life Science and Pharma Research ; 12(2):L19-L25, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1761515

ABSTRACT

Corona-virus disease-2019 (COVID-19) increased burdens on health systems. A hyper inflammatory response including high ferritin has been a hallmark of COVID-19 infection and is thought to be a key mediator of morbidity and mortality. We aimed to measure ferritin level and investigate its correlation with disease severity and outcome of Sudanese COVID-19 patients. A prospective study enrolled 100 COVID-19 patients in Khartoum state during the period from July to October 2020. We collected participants' data regarding demographics, clinical presentations, comorbidities, disease severity, and clinical courses during hospitalization, and outcomes. Serum ferritin level was measured for all patients and ferritin level more than 250 mu g/L was considered elevated. Among 100 patients, 68(68%) were males, the most common age group was 51-70 years 58(58%). The major comorbidities were Hypertension 48 (48%) and DM 47 (47%). Just under half of the patients presented with mild pneumonia (n=45;45%) and about one-third (n=37;37%) received mechanical ventilation. Hyperferritinemia (ferritin>250 pg/L) was observed in 74(74%) patients. Additionally, 40(40%) had ferritin levels above 1000 mu g/L. High ferritin levels were significantly common among patients with shortness of breath (P. value= 0.002), hypertension (P. value= 0.01), diabetes (P. value= 0.025), chronic renal diseases (P. value= 0.007), cardiovascular disease (P. value= 0.036), smoking (P. value= 0.03), need for mechanical ventilation (P. value= 0.000), and longer hospital stay duration above 7 days (P. value= 0.000). On the other hand, high ferritin level was correlated with severe pneumonia (P. value= 0.000), ARDS (P. value = 0.000) and sepsis (P. value= 0.009). As well, high ferritin level was associated with high mortality (P. value= 0.000). we concluded that the ferritin level was very high among COVID-19 patients and associated with increased severity of the disease and poor outcome.

14.
Irish Journal of Medical Science ; 190(SUPPL 5):207-207, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1576343
15.
Irish Journal of Medical Science ; 190(SUPPL 5):205-205, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1576264
16.
2021 Ieee International Conference in Power Engineering Application ; : 138-142, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1345860

ABSTRACT

This project presents a prototype of lux meter integrated with Internet of Things (IoT) and data saving. Some commercial lux meters do not have data storage and cannot connect to the internet. Therefore, this project developed a prototype of a lux meter with additional features such as data logger and IoT. The prototype is using NodeMCU as its controller because it is cheap and easy to use. Besides, the sensor used for this prototype is BH1750 light sensor. It has a wide range sensor, and it could detect up to 655351x value. Then, the data obtained also can be stored and saved in the Secure Digital (SD) card. These features will allow the user to secure the data and use it in the future. For IoT, there is a built-in WiFI module which is ESP8266 where it connects the prototype to the application in a smartphone which is the Blynk application. In the application, it will show the reading of the lux from the prototype, and there is a graph analysis of the lux measurement. Apart from measuring the lux, this prototype is also suitable for monitoring applications as the measurement can be monitored from a smartphone. However, the experimental test is done at home obeying Movement Control Oder (MCO) due to Covid-19 in this area.

17.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 15(5):1196-1199, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1315209

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess the results of chest x ray radiographs of patients positive for Covid-19, presented at the tertiary care hospital according to the classification by the British Society of Thoracic Imaging (BSTI. Place and Duration: In COVID-19 Ward (Department of Medicine) Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Lahore for three months duration from January 2021 to March 2021. Methods: A total of 96 patients were selected. In this observational study, positive COVID-19 patient determined by the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were enrolled for this study above the age of 14 years. CXR results were classified conferring to BSTI documentation and classification in terms of percentage and frequency. Results: Chest rays of 96 patients who tested positive for Covid-19 by RT-PCR over the age of 14 years were examined. Chest X-rays are classified according to the BSTI Covid-19 X-ray classification. Out of 96 patients, 10 patients (10.41%) had normal chest x-rays, 19 (19.80%) patients had classic bilateral, peripheral and basal consolidation / ground glass opacity (GMO), 60 (62.5%) had unspecified group,7(7.29%) patients have poor quality X-ray film. The unilateral involvement was noticed in 15 and bilateral in 49 patients, 12 of the patients had diffuse involvement on chest radiograph and peripheral involvement in 39 patients. According to regional dominance, 41 of the unspecified (42.70%) had middle and lower lung involvement, 7 (7.29%) had only the middle zone, and 8 (8.33%) had involvement of lower zone. Conclusions: In this study, Covid-19 chest X-rays are usually presented as ground glass opacity, mixed consolidation with GGOs in the middle and lower peripheral areas of the bilateral lung. Chest X-ray BSTI classification is used to classify Covid-19 severity in our patients, thus differentiating in the classic Covid-19 of the middle zone versus low zone involvement.

18.
Pathogens ; 10(7)2021 Jun 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1288970

ABSTRACT

Since the beginning of 2020, the world has been in a race to develop vaccines that can control the COVID-19 pandemic. More than 250 projects have been initiated for this purpose, but only 14 of them have been authorized for use, despite being in phase 3 clinical trials. More than 40 other vaccines are also in phase 1/2 clinical trials and show promising outcomes. Regarding the appropriate choice of vaccines for each country or region, we reviewed the currently used vaccines in light of the different influencing parameters. These factors include the mode of action, dosage protocol, age group of the vaccinee, side effects, storage conditions, mounted immune response, and cost. Technically, there are seven types of vaccines developed against SARS-CoV-2: messenger RNA (mRNA), nonreplicating and replicating vectors, inactivated viruses, protein subunits, viral-like particles, DNA vaccines, and live attenuated vaccines. The mRNA type is being used for the first time in humans. Unfortunately, mutated variants of SARS-CoV-2 have started to appear worldwide, and researchers are investigating the effects of the currently used vaccines on them. There are many concerns regarding the long-term protection afforded by these vaccines and their side effects, and whether they require future modifications to be effective against the mutated variants. The development of new vaccines using more advanced technology is paramount for overcoming the difficulties in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic across the world.

19.
Rheumatology (United Kingdom) ; 60(SUPPL 1):i43, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1266169

ABSTRACT

Background/AimsTelemedicine has not previously been a regular part of routinerheumatology services.Our department adopted telephone clinicsduring the COVID-19 pandemic. We assessed patient satisfaction byconducting a feedback survey. Our aim was to obtain a patientperspective on remote consultations and on preferred future follow upoptions including video or face-to-face consultations.MethodsThe cohort included 160 rheumatology patients who had a telephoneconsultation between May and mid-June 2020. All patients consentedto receive a further phone call by a different member of the team.Patients had to answer a questionnaire about recent consultation andto rate this on a scale of 1-5. Other questions included whether all theirqueries were answered;clear action plan made;perceived benefits ordisadvantages of telephone consultation;and views about futurefollow up and any additional comments.Results71.9% of 160 patients were females while 28.1 % males. Mean age58.6 yrs. More than half of the patients (60.6%) had a diagnosis ofinflammatory arthritis, followed by connective tissue disease (19.3%), other diagnosis (8.1% ) & vasculitis (5.6%). 94.4 % of the patients inthis study were return appointments-the remainder new. Feedbackresults revealed 92.5% patients were satisfied with their consultationwith mean score of 4.3/5 (5=best, 1= worst). More than 80% agreedthat all their queries were answered and a clear action plan wasformed during consultation. However , 71.2% would want a face toface consultation if given choice while 54 % happy to have furtherfollow up over the phone. 65% of patients preferred not to have videoconsultation. Subgroup analysis showed that majority of patients whowould accept video consultation were aged between 30-39. Mostcommon benefits described were noted to be convenience;reducedtime of work;travel time and safety during pandemic, whilst difficulty indescribing symptoms;hearing problems;and severity of disease weredisadvantages raised, but numbers were small in our cohort.ConclusionTelephone clinics were the mainstay during the COVID-19 pandemic.Thelarge majority of the rheumatology patients in our cohort were highlysatisfied with this form of consultation. However, interestingly themajority (71% ) would still prefer face-to-face consultation as follow up inthe future. Regular follow up in carefully selected patient groups cansuccessfully be performed by telephone clinics with good patientsatisfaction. This would help increase capacity within the clinic setting.

20.
6th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2020, IConGDM 2020 ; 2339, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1233767

ABSTRACT

This paper focuses on the literature review of construction industry towards the Fourth Industrial Revolution (IR 4.0). It is not easy for construction industry to adapt to the new technology which mostly based on internet of things (IOT), internet of service, big data and etc. However, the recent devastating Covid 19 outbreak more or less has opened the eyes of the construction industry towards IR 4.0 due to the movement control order (MCO). The impact of Covid 19 forces all the industries including construction industry to move toward IR 4.0. Some of the elements to support the construction industry to move toward IR 4.0 are discussed in this paper including Building Information Modeling (BIM), the use of drone or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAE) to monitor construction site, virtual meeting among stakeholders and the use of prefabrication works such as Industrial Building System (IBS). Systematic and efficient construction works can be achieved by implementing the elements of IR 4.0 in construction industry. © 2021 American Institute of Physics Inc.. All rights reserved.

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