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J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 23(1): 22-27, 2022 01 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1430637


AIMS: The coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) outbreak has been recently associated with lower hospitalization rates for acute coronary syndromes. Aim of the study was to investigate whether a similar behaviour is observed in admissions for urgent pacemaker implant. METHODS: This retrospective study included 1315 patients from 18 hospitals in Northern Italy with a high number of COVID-19 cases. Hospitalization rates for urgent pacemaker implant were compared between the following periods: 20 February to 20 April 2020 (case period); from 1 January to 19 February 2020 (intra-year control period); from 20 February to 20 April 2019 (inter-year control period). RESULTS: The incidence rate of urgent implants was 5.0/day in the case period, 6.0/day in the intra-year control period and 5.8/day in the inter-year control period. Incidence rate in the case period was significantly lower than both the intra-year [incidence rate ratio (IRR): 0.81, 95% CI 0.67-0.99, P = 0.040] and inter-year control periods (IRR: 0.79, 95% CI 0.66-0.95, P = 0.012); this reduction was highest after the national lockdown (IRR 0.68, 95% CI 0.52-0.91, P = 0.009). The prevalence of residents in rural areas undergoing urgent pacemaker implant was lower in the case period (36%) than in both the intra-year (47%, P = 0.03) and inter-year control periods (51%, P = 0.002). Elective pacemaker implants also decreased in the case period, with the incidence rate here being 3.5/day vs. 6.4/day in the intra-year (-45%) and 6.9/day in the inter-year period (-49%). CONCLUSION: Despite severe clinical patterns, the COVID-19 outbreak has negatively affected the population presentation to Emergency Departments for bradyarrhythmias requiring urgent pacemaker implant in Northern Italy. This mainly occurred after the national lockdown and concerned patients living in rural areas.

Bradycardia/epidemiology , Bradycardia/therapy , COVID-19/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks/statistics & numerical data , Elective Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Emergencies/epidemiology , Pacemaker, Artificial/statistics & numerical data , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Incidence , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Retrospective Studies
Expert Rev Med Devices ; 18(5): 493-498, 2021 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1221432


OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to demonstrate how Electrophysiology activity has been impacted by the pandemic Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: In this multicenter retrospective study, we analyze all consecutive patients admitted for electrophysiological procedures during the COVID-19 lockdown in the Tuscany region of Italy, comparing them to patients hospitalized in the corresponding period of the previous year. RESULTS: The impact of COVID-19 on cardiac arrhythmia management was impressive, with a reduction of more than 50% in all kinds of procedures. A gender gap was observed, with a more relevant reduction for female patients. Arrhythmic urgencies requiring a device implant showed a reduced time from symptoms to first medical contact but the time from first medical contact to procedure was significantly prolonged. CONCLUSION: Hospitals need to consider how outbreaks may affect health systems beyond the immediate infection. Routine activity should be based on a risk assessment between the prompt performance of procedure and its postponement. Retrospective observational analysis such as this study could be decisive in evidence-based medicine of any future pathogen outbreak.Nonstandard Abbreviations and Acronyms PM= pacemakerICD= implantable cardioverter defibrillatorECV= electrical cardioversionEPS= electrophysiological studyAP= ablations proceduresCIED= cardiac implantable electronic devicesWCD= wearable cardioverter defibrillatorEP Lab= Electrophysiology LaboratoriesAVNRT =atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardiaAVRT= atrioventricular reentry tachycardiaAFL= atrial flutterAF= atrial fibrillationVT= ventricular tachycardiaAT= atrial tachycardia.

COVID-19/epidemiology , Delivery of Health Care , Disease Outbreaks , Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac , Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology , Defibrillators, Implantable , Female , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Pacemaker, Artificial , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Time Factors
Intern Emerg Med ; 15(8): 1445-1456, 2020 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-743765


COVID-19 outbreak had a major impact on the organization of care in Italy, and a survey to evaluate provision of for arrhythmia during COVID-19 outbreak (March-April 2020) was launched. A total of 104 physicians from 84 Italian arrhythmia centres took part in the survey. The vast majority of participating centres (95.2%) reported a significant reduction in the number of elective pacemaker implantations during the outbreak period compared to the corresponding two months of year 2019 (50.0% of centres reported a reduction of > 50%). Similarly, 92.9% of participating centres reported a significant reduction in the number of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantations for primary prevention, and 72.6% a significant reduction of ICD implantations for secondary prevention (> 50% in 65.5 and 44.0% of the centres, respectively). The majority of participating centres (77.4%) reported a significant reduction in the number of elective ablations (> 50% in 65.5% of the centres). Also the interventional procedures performed in an emergency setting, as well as acute management of atrial fibrillation had a marked reduction, thus leading to the conclusion that the impact of COVID-19 was disrupting the entire organization of health care, with a massive impact on the activities and procedures related to arrhythmia management in Italy.

Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Electrophysiology/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Adult , Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Electrophysiology/methods , Female , Humans , Italy , Male , Middle Aged , Physicians/psychology , Physicians/statistics & numerical data , Registries/statistics & numerical data , Surveys and Questionnaires