Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Add filters

Document Type
Year range
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2235894


After the outbreak of the pandemic due to COVID-19 infection, several vaccines were developed on short timelines to counteract the public health crisis. To allow the administration of mRNA vaccines through a faster-paced approval process, the Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) was applied. The Ba.5 (omicron) variant of SARS-CoV-2 is the predominant one at this moment. Its highly mutable single-stranded RNA genome, along with its high transmissivity, generated concern about the effectiveness of vaccination. The interaction between the vaccine and the host cell is finely regulated by miRNA machinery, a complex network that oversees a wide range of biological processes. The dysregulation of miRNA machinery has been associated with the development of clinical complications during COVID-19 infection and, moreover, to several human pathologies, among which is cancer disease. Now that in some areas, four doses of mRNA vaccine have been administered, it is natural to wonder about its effectiveness and long-term safety.

COVID-19 , MicroRNAs , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , COVID-19/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination , Technology
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 10(3): 22, 2021 03 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1255751


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the face mask (FM)-related ocular surface changes using clinical tests, in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) and impression cytology (IC), and to investigate the Dry Eye-related Quality of life Score (DEQS). Methods: Sixty-six patients with dry eye disease (DED) and 62 healthy subjects (group 2) using FM were enrolled. Groups were divided into: groups 1A and 2A: < 3 hours of FM wear; groups 1B and 2B: 3 to 6 hours; and groups 1C and 2C: > 6 hours. Patients underwent DEQS questionnaire, break-up time (BUT), Schirmer test I (STI), fluorescein and lissamine staining (FS and LS), IVCM to determine corneal dendritic cell density (DCD) and goblet cell density (GCD), and IC to measure HLA-DR, at baseline and after 3 months. Results: FM use duration before enrollment was 27 ± 2.3 and 30 ± 4.1 (days ± SD) for groups 1 and 2 (P > 0.05). After 3 months, DEQS worsened in groups 1B and 1C, STI in groups 1A to 1C, FS and LS in group 1C (P < 0.05); in controls, BUT and FS worsened only in group 2C (P < 0.05). DCD significantly increased in groups 1A to 1C and HLA-DR in groups 1B and 1C (P < 0.05), whereas GCD did not significantly change. DCD and HLA-DR increased only in group 2C (P < 0.05). DEQS significantly correlated with DCD (P = 0.05, r = 0.698; P < 0.001, r = 0.832) and HLA-DR (P = 0.043, r = -0.687; P < 0.001, r = 0.861) at baseline and 3 months. Conclusions: Use of FM increases ocular surface inflammation and negatively impacts the quality of life in patients with DED. Translational Relevance: The study of the prolonged use of FM effects may be relevant to managing DED.

COVID-19 , Pandemics , Humans , Masks , Microscopy, Confocal , Quality of Life , SARS-CoV-2