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1.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 36(8): 1292-1299, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1807159

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD) in the adolescence is a high burden disease, and its treatment can be very challenging due to paucity of approved systemic drugs for this age and their side-effects. Dupilumab was recently approved for treatment of adolescent AD. OBJECTIVES: A multicentre, prospective, real-world study on the effectiveness and safety of dupilumab in adolescents (aged from ≥12 to <18 years) with moderate-to-severe AD was conducted. The main AD clinical phenotypes were also examined. METHODS: Data of adolescents with moderate-to-severe AD treated with dupilumab at label dosage for 16 weeks were collected. Treatment outcome was assessed by EASI, NRS itch, NRS sleep loss and CDLQI scores at baseline and after 16 weeks of treatment. The clinical scores were also evaluated according to clinical phenotypes. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-nine adolescents were enrolled in the study. Flexural eczema and head and neck eczema were the most frequent clinical phenotypes, followed by hand eczema and portrait-like dermatitis. Coexistence of more than 1 phenotype was documented in 126/139 (88.5%) adolescents. Three patients (2.1%) contracted asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection and 1 of the discontinued dupilumab treatment before the target treatment period. A significant improvement in EASI, NRS itch, NRS sleep loss and CDLQI was observed after 16 weeks of treatment with dupilumab. This outcome was better than that observed in clinical trials. Dupilumab resulted effective in all AD phenotypes, especially in diffuse eczema. Twenty-eight (20.1%) patients reported adverse events, conjunctivitis and flushing being the most frequent. None of patients discontinued dupilumab due to adverse event. CONCLUSIONS: Dupilumab in adolescent AD showed excellent effectiveness at week 16 with consistent improvement of all clinical scores. Moreover, dupilumab showed a good safety profile also in this COVID-19 pandemic era.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Dermatitis, Atopic , Eczema , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , COVID-19/drug therapy , Dermatitis, Atopic/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Pandemics , Prospective Studies , Pruritus , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
3.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 17(11): 4105-4107, 2021 Nov 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1442976

ABSTRACT

All public health ministries have implemented strategies to contain the spread of COVID-19 worldwide. Vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 still represent the most effective weapon to combat the circulation of the virus, in order to decrease the impact of COVID-19 on the general health of the population, to prevent the emergence of new SARS-CoV-2 variants and avoid excessive hospitalization. However, the success of a vaccination campaign largely depends on the penetrance of the message addressed to general population, which takes on an even more strategic value when vaccine candidates suffer from chronic diseases. In this view, patients suffering from immune-mediated skin diseases could represent a "weak link in the vaccine chain." Our main objective is to focus attention on four main elements in support of vaccination strategy in order to promote the patients' awareness to be at highest risk of negative consequences in case of SARS-Cov-2 infection, and to build, strengthen and maintain trust in vaccines' efficacy and safety.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Skin Diseases , COVID-19 Vaccines , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination
6.
Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica et Adriatica ; 30(2):67-69, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1281098

ABSTRACT

Almost 13 months have passed since the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the SARS-CoV-2, on March 11th, 2020. During this period, we have realized that the most effective weapon we have to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection, or to make it less aggressive, is vaccines. Currently, according to the WHO document "Draft landscape of COVID-19 candidate vaccines," there are 275 vaccines in development against the virus, although at the moment there are four preparations in distribution in the United States and in Europe. The characteristics of these vaccines are quite different from each other and may even be unfamiliar in the medical field. In particular, among dermatologists, knowledge of vaccines is of fundamental importance, especially in atopic dermatitis. Atopic patients are aware of having a predisposition to develop allergies, and so they are asking dermatologists about the safety of the vaccines currently available against the SARS-CoV-2. This article provides an up-to-date overview of this topic by reviewing current literature and sharing our personal experience.

7.
Healthcare ; 9(4):01, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1209984

ABSTRACT

The BNT162b2 and mRNA-1273 vaccines, consisting of mRNA, have recently become available. The absolute novelty of these vaccines introduces questions about their safety and efficacy, especially in patients who are treated with biological drugs in dermatology. The aim of our review was to provide a broad overview of the current use of all available vaccinations in concomitance with biological therapy and to suggest indications for the new mRNA Covid-19 vaccines. We conducted a narrative review of the literature regarding the indications and safety of the various types of vaccines currently available in dermatological patients treated with biological therapy. The safety and efficacy of administering inactivated vaccines in patients undergoing biological therapy with inhibitors of TNF-alpha, IL-17, IL-12/23, and IL-4/13 was confirmed. Inactivated vaccines can be administered during therapy with inhibitors of IL-23 and IgE, taking into account that the level of evidence is lower due to the lack of specific studies. Live attenuated vaccines were contraindicated in concomitance with all biological therapies considered, except omalizumab. According to this evidence, we assume that there are currently no contraindications to the administration of the new Covid-19 BNT162b2 and mRNA-1273 vaccines during biological therapy with inhibitors of TNF-alpha, IL-17, IL-12/23, IL-23, and IL-4/13, since these vaccines are comparable to inactivated ones. For patients with chronic urticaria or allergic asthma treated with omalizumab, we currently recommend caution in using the mRNA Covid-19 vaccines (30 min observation). The only contraindications were a previous history of hypersensitivity to the Covid-19 vaccines themself or to their excipients. In conclusion, further randomized clinical trials are needed to evaluate the efficacy of the antibody response in these patients.

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