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Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases ; 82(Suppl 1):1867-1868, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-20239329


BackgroundThe COVID-19 pandemic has brought uncertainties to rheumatology practice, mainly related to the possibility of triggering disease activity after infection in immune mediated rheumatic diseases (IMRD). To date, there are few data in the literature specifically evaluating this issue.ObjectivesEvaluate the disease activity in IMRD patients after 6 months of the infection, compared to pre infection status.MethodsReumaCoV Brasil is a longitudinal study performed at 35 study centers designed to follow-up IMRD patients for 6 months after clinical or laboratorial COVID-19 diagnosis (cases), comparing with patients with IMRD who had not had the infection at the time of inclusion (controls). Demographic data such as age, sex, comorbidities, clinical characteristics, treatment, evolution of COVID-19 and disease activity status were collected using a Research Eletronic Data Capture (REDCap) database on three consecutive visits (inclusion and 6 months). The analysis was carried out on the four diseases with the highest inclusion number in the study: systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). In addition to specific disease activity assessment metrics, we used patient's global assessment of disease activity (PGA), ranging from 0 to 10, at all visits, with 0 being no activity and 10 being intense activity. All conclusions were drawn considering the significance level of 5%. This study was registered at the Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials—REBEC, RBR-33YTQC. All patients read and signed the informed consent form before inclusion.ResultsBetween May 2020 and January 2021, 2032 patients were included in the registry, and of these, 1322 patients (721 cases and 601 controls), completed 6 months of follow-up, being 550 SLE (42.0%), 497 RA (37.6%) and 176 SpA (13.3%) and 99 (7.4%) PsA. Most patients were female (82.0%);the median age was 46.7 (13.8). Disease activity at the time of enrollment, according to the PGA, was similar between cases and controls, except for patients with RA and AS, where it was higher in controls. After the follow up time, no worsening of activity was observed in any of the diseases evaluated in the case group (Table 1). Despite this, worsening of disease symptoms after COVID-19 was reported by 23.3%, 24.6%, 25.0% and 25.8% of patients with SLE, RA, AS and PsA respectively, not related with disease activity.ConclusionIn patients with IMRD, no worsening of disease activity was observed after COVID-19 in this cohort of Brazilian patients. Despite this, many patients noticed worsening of symptoms, possibly associated not with the triggering of the activity, but with the so-called long COVID syndrome.Table 1.Comparison of disease activity, according to PGA, comparing disease activity status at inclusion and after 6 months of follow up, in cases and controlsINCLUSIONAFTER 6 MONTHSCasesControlsp-valueCasesControlsp-valueSLE2 (0-4,5)2 (0-4)0,8102 (0-5)2 (0-4)0,172RA3 (1-5)4 (2-6)0.0013 (1-5)3 (1-5,5)0,731AS2 (0-5)4 (1-6)0,0022 (0-5)3,5 (1-6)0,044PsA2 (0-4)2 (0-5)0,8162 (0-5)2 (0-5)0,939*Median and interquatile range;Student t test;CI 95%AcknowledgementsReumaCoV Brasil researchers, Brazilian Society of Rheumatology and National Council for Ccientific and Technological Development.Disclosure of InterestsNone Declared.

Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases ; 81:163-164, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2008909


Background: Some factors associated with severe COVID-19 outcomes have been identifed in patients with psoriasis (PsO) and infammatory/autoimmune rheumatic diseases, namely older age, male sex, comorbidity burden, higher disease activity, and certain medications such as rituximab. However, information about specifcities of patients with PsO, psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), including disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) specifcally licensed for these conditions, such as IL-17 inhibitors (IL-17i), IL-23/IL-12 + 23 inhibitors (IL-23/IL-12 + 23i), and apremilast, is lacking. Objectives: To determine characteristics associated with severe COVID-19 outcomes in people with PsO, PsA and axSpA. Methods: This study was a pooled analysis of data from two physician-reported registries: the Psoriasis Patient Registry for Outcomes, Therapy and Epidemiology of COVID-19 Infection (PsoProtect), comprising patients with PsO/PsA, and the COVID-19 Global Rheumatology Alliance (GRA) registry, comprising patients with PsA/axSpA. Data from the beginning of the pandemic up to 25 October, 2021 were included. An ordinal severity outcome was defned as: 1) not hospitalised, 2) hospitalised without death, and 3) death. A multivariable ordinal logistic regression model was constructed to assess the relationship between COVID-19 severity and demographic characteristics (age, sex, time period of infection), comorbidities (hypertension, other cardiovascular disease [CVD], chronic obstructive lung disease [COPD], asthma, other chronic lung disease, chronic kidney disease, cancer, smoking, obesity, diabetes mellitus [DM]), rheumatic/skin disease (PsO, PsA, axSpA), physician-reported disease activity, and medication exposure (methotrexate, lefunomide, sulfasalazine, TNFi, IL17i, IL-23/IL-12 + 23i, Janus kinase inhibitors (JAKi), apremilast, glucocorticoids [GC] and NSAIDs). Age-adjustment was performed employing four-knot restricted cubic splines. Country-adjustment was performed using random effects. Results: A total of 5008 individuals with PsO (n=921), PsA (n=2263) and axSpA (n=1824) were included. Mean age was 50 years (SD 13.5) and 51.8% were male. Hospitalisation (without death) was observed in 14.6% of cases and 1.8% died. In the multivariable model, the following variables were associated with severe COVID-19 outcomes: older age (Figure 1), male sex (OR 1.53, 95%CI 1.29-1.82), CVD (hypertension alone: 1.26, 1.02-1.56;other CVD alone: 1.89, 1.22-2.94;vs no hypertension and no other CVD), COPD or asthma (1.75, 1.32-2.32), other lung disease (2.56, 1.66-3.97), chronic kidney disease (2.32, 1.50-3.59), obesity and DM (obesity alone: 1.36, 1.07-1.71;DM alone: 1.85, 1.39-2.47;obesity and DM: 1.89, 1.34-2.67;vs no obesity and no DM), higher disease activity and GC intake (remission/low disease activity and GC intake: 1.96, 1.36-2.82;moderate/severe disease activity and no GC intake: 1.35, 1.05-1.72;moderate/severe disease activity and GC intake 2.30, 1.41-3.74;vs remission/low disease activity and no GC intake). Conversely, the following variables were associated with less severe COVID-19 outcomes: time period after 15 June 2020 (16 June 2020-31 December 2020: 0.42, 0.34-0.51;1 January 2021 onwards: 0.52, 0.41-0.67;vs time period until 15 June 2020), a diagnosis of PsO (without arthritis) (0.49, 0.37-0.65;vs PsA), and exposure to TNFi (0.58, 0.45-0.75;vs no DMARDs), IL17i (0.63, 0.45-0.88;vs no DMARDs), IL-23/IL-12 + 23i (0.68, 0.46-0.997;vs no DMARDs) and NSAIDs (0.77, 0.60-0.98;vs no NSAIDs). Conclusion: More severe COVID-19 outcomes in PsO, PsA and axSpA are largely driven by demographic factors (age, sex), comorbidities, and active disease. None of the DMARDs typically used in PsO, PsA and axSpA, were associated with severe COVID-19 outcomes, including IL-17i, IL-23/IL-12 + 23i, JAKi and apremilast.

Journal of Clinical Rheumatology ; 27(SUPPL 1):S19, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1368233


Objectives: To determine the main risk factors associated with COVID-19 in SLE patients. Methods: The Reuma CoV Brazil is a multicenter, observational, prospective cohort designed to monitor immune-mediated rheumatic diseases patients during SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Brazil. SLE adult patients according to SLE SLICC criteria classification (2012), with and without (control group-CG) COVID-19 diagnosis were matched. Demographic data, managing of COVID-19, comorbidities, clinical characteristics (disease activity: Patient Report Outcomes-PROs, Physician Global Assessment and SLEDAI-2 K)were collected. Results: From May 2020 to January 2021, 604 SLE patients were included, 317 (52.4%) with COVID-19 and 287 (47.6%) in the CG. Both groups were homogeneous and comparable regarding sex and comorbidities. SLE patients with COVID-19 declared a lower level of social isolation (49.5% vs. 61.9%;p = 0.002), worked more commonly in health professions (10.4% vs. 3.5%;p = 0.002), presented more frequently joint (32.5% vs. 22.0%;p = 0.004) and hematological manifestations (18.0% vs. 11.5%;p = 0.025). SLEDAI-2 K did not differ among groups prior and after COVID-19 infection. However, considering the mean duration of COVID-19 symptoms (12.1 ± 8.8 days), infected patients had more severe disease activity's PROs after resolution of COVID-19 symptoms (2.9 ± 2.9 vs. 2.3 ± 2.6;p = 0.031). The hospitalization rate was 20.5% (n = 65), of whom 23 (7.2%) needed intensive care unit and 14 (4.4%) patients died. Hypertension [5,26 (1,9714,07);p = 0.001] and recently cyclophosphamide pulses [39,21 (4,17-368,53);p = 0.001] were associated with hospitalization and patients who received telemedicine medical care presented 72% less chance of hospitalization [0.28 (0.09-0.83);p = 0.023). Conclusion: COVID-19 was associated with a lower level of declared social isolation and more severe disease activity perception after SARS-CoV-2 infection according to PROs. Hypertension and cyclophosphamide were associated with hospitalization and telemedicine can be a useful tool for SLE patients with COVID-19. These data should be considered to perform public health policy and national guidelines to manage SLE patients during the pandemic, as well as to prioritize some special groups for the immunization program.