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1.
Clinical Kidney Journal ; : 9, 2022.
Article in English | English Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1883008

ABSTRACT

Background Several cases of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) relapse following the administration of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines have recently been reported, raising questions about the potential relationship between the immune response to COVID-19 vaccination and INS pathogenesis. Methods We performed a retrospective multicentre survey describing the clinical and biological characteristics of patients presenting a relapse of INS after COVID-19 vaccination, with an assessment of outcome under treatment. Results We identified 25 patients (16 men and 9 women) presenting a relapse within 1 month of a COVID-19 vaccine injection. The glomerular disease was of childhood onset in half of the patients and most patients (21/25) had received at least one immunosuppressive drug in addition to steroids for frequently relapsing or steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (NS). All patients were in a stable condition at the time of injection and 11 had no specific treatment. In five patients, the last relapse was reported >5 years before vaccine injection. The Pfizer-BioNTech (BNT162b2) vaccine was used in 80% of the patients. In 18 cases, INS relapse occurred after the first injection, a mean of 17.5 days after vaccination. A second injection was nevertheless administered in 14 of these patients. Five relapses occurred after administration of the second dose and two relapses after the administration of the third dose. All but one of the patients received steroids as first-line treatment, with an additional immunosuppressive agent in nine cases. During follow-up, complete remission was achieved in 21 patients, within 1 month in 17 cases. Only one patient had not achieved at least partial remission after 3 months of follow-up. Conclusions This case series suggests that, in rare patients, COVID-19 vaccination may trigger INS relapse that is generally easy to control. These findings should encourage physicians to persuade their patients to complete the COVID-19 vaccination schedule.

2.
Rev Neurol (Paris) ; 177(3): 275-282, 2021 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1078105

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Neurological disorders associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection represent a clinical challenge because they encompass a broad neurological spectrum and may occur before the diagnosis of COVID-19. METHODS: In this monocentric retrospective case series, medical records from patients with acute neurological disorders associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection from medicine departments of an academic center in Paris area were collected between March 15th and May 15th 2020. Diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 was ascertained through specific RT-PCR in nasopharyngeal swabs or based on circulating serum IgG antibodies. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection presented with neurological disorders: encephalitis (N=8), encephalopathy (N=6), cerebrovascular events (ischemic strokes N=4 and vein thromboses N=2), other central nervous system (CNS) disorders (N=4), and Guillain-Barré syndrome (N=2). The diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 was delayed on average 1.6 days after the onset of neurological disorder, especially in case of encephalitis 3.9 days, encephalopathy 1.0 day, and cerebrovascular event 2.7 days. CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms that COVID-19 can yield a broad spectrum of neurological disorders. Because neurological presentations of COVID-19 often occur a few days before the diagnosis of SARS-COV-2 infection, clinicians should take preventive measures such as patient isolation and masks for any new admission to avoid nosocomial infections. Anti-SARS-CoV2 antibody detection in RT-PCR SARS CoV-2 negative suspected cases is useful to confirm a posteriori the diagnosis of atypical COVID-19 presentations.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Nervous System Diseases/epidemiology , Nervous System Diseases/etiology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/psychology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nervous System Diseases/virology , Paris/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Young Adult
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