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1.
J Raman Spectrosc ; 52(5): 949-958, 2021 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1095641

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 coronavirus disease around the end of 2019 has become a pandemic. The preferred method for COVID-19 detection is the real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)-based technique; however, it also has certain limitations, such as sample-dependent procedures with a relatively high false negative ratio. We propose a safe and efficient method for screening COVID-19 based on Raman spectroscopy. A total of 177 serum samples are collected from 63 confirmed COVID-19 patients, 59 suspected cases, and 55 healthy individuals as a control group. Raman spectroscopy is adopted to analyze these samples, and a machine learning support-vector machine (SVM) method is applied to the spectrum dataset to build a diagnostic algorithm. Furthermore, 20 independent individuals, including 5 asymptomatic COVID-19 patients and 5 symptomatic COVID-19 patients, 5 suspected patients, and 5 healthy patients, were sampled for external validation. In these three groups-confirmed COVID-19, suspected, and healthy individuals-the distribution of statistically significant points of difference showed highly consistency for intergroups after repeated sampling processes. The classification accuracy between the COVID-19 cases and the suspected cases is 0.87 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.85-0.88), and the accuracy between the COVID-19 and the healthy controls is 0.90 (95% CI: 0.89-0.91), while the accuracy between the suspected cases and the healthy control group is 0.68 (95% CI: 0.67-0.73). For the independent test dataset, we apply the obtained SVM model to the classification of the independent test dataset to have all the results correctly classified. Our model showed that the serum-level classification results were all correct for independent test dataset. Our results suggest that Raman spectroscopy could be a safe and efficient technique for COVID-19 screening.

2.
Clin Transl Radiat Oncol ; 24: 88-91, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-645139

ABSTRACT

After the outbreak of COVID-19, medical institutions in China and even around the world are facing unprecedented challenges. In order to minimize the adverse impact of this unexpected epidemic on patients who need radiotherapy, the expert group of our radiotherapy center immediately formulated comprehensive emergency plans and prevention and control measures, partitioned the work area, launched online staff training, and optimized the radiotherapy process after the outbreak, which provided a strong guarantee for the safe and orderly operation of our radiotherapy center and kept the infection rate to an extremely low level. We hope our experience could provide reference and suggestions for other medical institutions.

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