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Clin Transplant ; 36(5): e14589, 2022 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1626800


Recently, a number of organ transplant centers in the United States have proposed to only allow patients who have received the Covid-19 vaccination to be active on their transplant waiting list. This raises numerous ethical issues. This analysis utilizes current empirical data and the guidelines on the ethics of organ allocation published by the Organ Procurement and Transplant Network to guide our ethical reasoning. We conclude that it would be permissible to mandate Covid-19 vaccination as a condition of being listed for an organ transplant at a transplant center and offer recommendations for how to do so.

COVID-19 , Organ Transplantation , Tissue and Organ Procurement , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Humans , United States , Vaccination , Waiting Lists
J Card Surg ; 36(7): 2578-2581, 2021 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1189761


BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic poses broad challenges to healthcare systems and providers. The manifestations of this disease are still being described in a variety of different contexts and patient populations. RESULTS: We report the case of a neonate who demonstrated COVID-19 after surgical correction of transposition of the great arteries. In addition, the patient demonstrated an evolving and persistent tachyarrhythmia consistent with neither the most likely postoperative complications nor typical COVID-19. DISCUSSION: The patient had negative preoperative testing for the virus and presented with profound oxygen desaturation and respiratory failure several days postoperatively. This raised concern for a complication of his arterial switch operation. It was found that one of the patient's caregivers was an asymptomatic carrier of COVID-19, and imaging ruled out intracardiac shunting. After initiating treatment for COVID-19, the patient's oxygen requirements and need for anti-arrhythmic agents improved. CONCLUSION: We propose that, despite negative preoperative testing, coronavirus infection may present as refractory tachyarrhythmia, and may be considered along with surgical complications as a cause for unexplained hypoxemia postoperatively.

COVID-19 , Transposition of Great Vessels , Arteries , Humans , Infant, Newborn , SARS-CoV-2 , Tachycardia/etiology , Transposition of Great Vessels/surgery
J Pediatr ; 229: 54-60.e2, 2021 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-793095


OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Black children with Kawasaki disease exhibit disparities in prevalence, sequelae, and response to intravenous gamma globulin (IVIG) treatment. STUDY DESIGN: International Classification of Diseases codes were used to identify children with Kawasaki disease admitted to a tertiary center in the southeastern US. Subjects diagnosed and treated according to American Heart Association criteria were included. Demographic, laboratory, clinical, and echocardiographic data from the electronic medical record (2000-2015) were compared between Blacks and Whites. RESULTS: Data from 369 subjects (52% Whites and 48% Blacks) were included in our analysis. No significant differences related to timely admission, IVIG treatment, or coronary artery (CA) abnormalities during hospitalization were observed. Blacks showed lower IVIG response rates than Whites for patients administered IVIG within 10 days of fever onset (86.6% vs 95.6%; P = .007). Blacks received more ancillary drugs (9.6% vs 2.6%; P = .003), and endured longer hospitalizations (mean, 5 ± 3.9 days vs 3.4 ± 2.2 days; P = .001). Blacks presented with higher C-reactive protein level and erythrocyte sedimentation rate and lower hemoglobin, albumin, and sodium levels. Blacks had a higher proportion of persistent CA abnormalities than Whites at second follow-up echocardiogram (14.5% vs 6.3%; P = .03), and at third follow-up echocardiogram (21.2% vs 6.9%; P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with White children, Black children with Kawasaki disease had higher IVIG refractory prevalence, more severe inflammation, more ancillary treatments, and longer hospitalizations. Despite no racial differences in time to diagnosis or initial treatment, there was greater CA abnormality persistence among Black children at follow-up.

African Americans , Health Status Disparities , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/ethnology , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Child, Preschool , Coronary Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography , Female , Hemoglobins/analysis , Humans , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Male , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Serum Albumin , Sodium/blood , Southeastern United States/epidemiology