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Acta Biomed ; 93(S1): e2022102, 2022 06 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1879757


Platypnea-Orthodeoxia Syndrome (POS) is an often misdiagnosed clinical condition characterized by dyspnea and hypoxia in sitting or semi-sitting position, reversible in supine position. Although POS is typically associated with intracardiac shunts, it seems frequent also in SARS-CoV-2 related Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). In fact, the prevalent involvement of the lung bases due to interstitial pneumonia can determine refractory positional hypoxemia, with marked desaturation in the sitting position and regression or improvement in the supine position, configuring the clinical picture of the POS. We present a clinical case of POS associated with acute respiratory distress from SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in which refractory hypoxia would have required support by invasive mechanical ventilation if the syndrome had not been identified.

COVID-19 , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , COVID-19/complications , Dyspnea/diagnosis , Dyspnea/etiology , Humans , Hypoxia/diagnosis , Hypoxia/etiology , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/diagnosis , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/etiology , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/therapy , SARS-CoV-2
Clin Infect Dis ; 75(1): e403-e409, 2022 08 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1746922


BACKGROUND: Remdesivir is an antiviral used to treat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which improves some clinical outcomes. Dexamethasone has been shown to be effective in reducing mortality. It has been hypothesized that combination of these two drugs can improve mortality. We evaluated the effect of combination on mortality of COVID-19 patients requiring O2 therapy. METHODS: A prospective quasi-experimental study, including two independent, sequential controlled cohorts, one received remdesivir-dexamethasone and the other dexamethasone alone, was designed. All COVID-19 patients requiring supplemental O2 therapy were enrolled consecutively. The sample size to power mortality was a priori calculated. The primary endpoints were 30-day mortality and viral clearance differences. Secondary endpoints were differences in hospitalization times, improvement in respiratory failure (PO2/FiO2) and inflammatory indices (fibrinogen, CRP, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, D-Dimer). Kaplan-Meier curves and the log-rank test were used to evaluate significant differences in mortality between groups. RESULTS: In total, 151 COVID-19 patients were enrolled (remdesivir/dexamethasone group, 76, and dexamethasone alone, 75). No differences in demographic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics were observed between the 2 groups at baseline. Faster viral clearance occurred in the remdesivir/dexamethasone group compared to dexamethasone alone (median 6 vs 16 days; P < .001). The 30-day mortality in the remdesivir/dexamethasone group was 1.3%, whereas in dexamethasone alone was 16% (P < .005). In the remdesivir/dexamethasone group compared to dexamethasone alone there was a reduction in hospitalization days (P < .0001) and a faster improvement in both respiratory function and inflammatory markers. CONCLUSIONS: Remdesivir/dexamethasone treatment is associated with significant reduction in mortality, length of hospitalization, and faster SARS-CoV-2 clearance, compared to dexamethasone alone.

COVID-19 , Adenosine Monophosphate/analogs & derivatives , Alanine/analogs & derivatives , Antiviral Agents , COVID-19/drug therapy , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Humans , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2