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BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 136, 2021 Apr 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1511742


BACKGROUND: All over the world, SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia is causing a significant short-term morbidity and mortality, but the medium-term impact on lung function and quality of life of affected patients are still unknown. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 39 patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia were recruited from a single COVID-19 hospital in Southern Switzerland. At three months patients underwent radiological and functional follow-up through CT scan, lung function tests, and 6 min walking test. Furthermore, quality of life was assessed through self-reported questionnaires. RESULTS: Among 39 patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia, 32 (82% of all participants) presented abnormalities in CT scan and 25 (64.1%) had lung function tests impairment at three months. Moreover, 31 patients (79.5%) reported a perception of poor health due to respiratory symptoms and all 39 patients showed an overall decreased quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: Medium-term follow up at three months of patients diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia shows the persistence of abnormalities in CT scans, a significant functional impairment assessed by lung function tests and a decreased quality of life in affected patients. Further studies evaluating the long-term impact are warranted to guarantee an appropriate follow-up to patients recovering from SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia.

COVID-19/physiopathology , Lung/physiopathology , Quality of Life , Aged , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Convalescence , Female , Forced Expiratory Volume , Health Status , Humans , Length of Stay , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Pulmonary Diffusing Capacity , Recovery of Function , Respiratory Function Tests , SARS-CoV-2 , Switzerland , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Vital Capacity , Walk Test
Minerva Anestesiol ; 87(12): 1330-1337, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1464162


BACKGROUND: The majority of prevalence studies on deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in severe COVID-19 patients are retrospective with DVT assessment based on clinical suspicion. Our aim was to prospectively and systematically estimate the occurrence of DVT in critically-ill mechanically-ventilated patients, and to identify potential risk factors for DVT occurrence and mortality. METHODS: All patients with COVID-19 admitted to our 45 beds in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) between March 6, 2020, and April 18, 2020, requiring invasive ventilatory support were daily screened for DVT with lower extremities and jugular veins ultrasonography. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression models were performed in order to identify predictors of DVT and mortality. RESULTS: Seventy-six patients were included in the final analysis (56 men, mean age 67 years, median SOFA=7 points, median SAPS II=41 points, median PaO2/Fi02=10.8 kPa). The period prevalence of DVT was 40.8%. Thirty-one DVTs were diagnosed. Twenty-five DVTs (80.6% of total DVTs) were catheter-related, mainly in the jugular veins. Twenty-six DVTs (83.9%) occurred in patients receiving enhanced antithrombotic prophylaxis. No independent variable was predictive of DVT occurrence. Twenty-eight patients (36.8%) died during the ICU stay. Age and SOFA score were independently associated with mortality. CONCLUSIONS: A high number of critically-ill mechanically-ventilated COVID-19 patients developed a DVT. The majority of DVTs were catheter-related and occurred under intensive prophylactic anticoagulation. Routine ultrasound of the jugular veins should be suggested in this patient population, and in particular in presence of a central venous catheter.

Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(21): e26034, 2021 May 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1242121


ABSTRACT: To determine the role of ultra-low dose chest computed tomography (uld CT) compared to chest radiographs in patients with laboratory-confirmed early stage SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia.Chest radiographs and uld CT of 12 consecutive suspected SARS-CoV-2 patients performed up to 48 hours from hospital admission were reviewed by 2 radiologists. Dosimetry and descriptive statistics of both modalities were analyzed.On uld CT, parenchymal abnormalities compatible with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia were detected in 10/12 (83%) patients whereas on chest X-ray in, respectively, 8/12 (66%) and 5/12 (41%) patients for reader 1 and 2. The average increment of diagnostic performance of uld CT compared to chest X-ray was 29%. The average effective dose was, respectively, of 0.219 and 0.073 mSv.Uld CT detects substantially more lung injuries in symptomatic patients with suspected early stage SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia compared to chest radiographs, with a significantly better inter-reader agreement, at the cost of a slightly higher equivalent radiation dose.

COVID-19/diagnosis , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Thoracic/statistics & numerical data , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/statistics & numerical data , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/virology , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Observer Variation , Predictive Value of Tests , RNA, Viral/isolation & purification , Radiation Dosage , Radiography, Thoracic/adverse effects , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Radiometry/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/adverse effects , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods