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1.
Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; 17(4), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067097

ABSTRACT

Context: The current pandemic of COVID-19 affected all people of the world. Evidence Acquisition: Most complications of SARS-CoV-2 are causally related to severe pneumonia due to host immune response in the form of a cytokine storm. The other causes of an increased mortality rate among COVID-19 patients are secondary infections. Results: Mucormycosis is a life-threatening infection that gained much attention in the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. A rise in the frequency of COVID-19-associated mucormycosis (CAM) occurred in 2020 and 2021. Overall, mortality of CAM has been reported as 54%-75%. Conclusions: Although awareness of the disease has increased among treating physicians, disease-associated morbidity and mortality are still high. The guideline is intended to serve as a reference to prevent mucormycosis in COVID-19 patients and help health-care providers choose diagnostic and treatment methods for the best management of CAM cases.

2.
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science ; 63(7):3152-A0047, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2058290

ABSTRACT

Purpose : A high incidence of sinu-orbital Mucormycosis as a fulminant and opportunistic fungal infection happened following the COVID-19 pandemic. Traditionally, patients with apical or extensive orbital involvement are candidates for exenteration. We designed and applied CT scan guided orbital amphotericin C delivery. In this study we aimed to report this novel technique and results of this method in control of orbital mucormycosis with apical involvement. Methods : A high incidence of sinu-orbital Mucormycosis as a fulminant and opportunistic fungal infection happened following the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus named as CAM. Traditionally, patients with orbital mucormycosis with apical or extensive involvement are considered hopeless for saving the eye. We designed and applied CT scan guided orbital amphotericin C delivery. Results : A total of thirty patients with mean age of 52±11.86 were enrolled in this study. Twenty-three (76.7%) patients were male;group A: 11 (73.3%) and B: 12 (80%). The majority of the patients in both group were diabetics (A: 10 (66.7%), B: 10 (76.9%)). Most patients in both groups had received corticosteroids and antiviral therapy for their recent COVID-19, 23 (82.1%) and 25 (89.3%), respectively. No patient in group A underwent exenteration. Eleven (78.6%) patients in group B underwent orbital exenteration. Of the 6 expired patients, 5 (83.3%) were in group B (P<0.0001). Peri-orbital ecchymosis and intracranial air extension were observed in 2 (13.3%) and 1 (6.7%) in group A patients, respectively. Conclusions : Intra-orbital amphotericin injection under CT-guidance can be considered as a highly effective method in patients with orbital mucormycosis. This method may decrease exenteration without increasing mortality of patients.

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