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European Journal of Public Health ; 31, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1515070


Background Vaccine hesitancy is the reluctance or refusal to be vaccinated. While it has been widely studied for various contagious diseases, there is still a lack of knowledge about this phenomenon for COVID-19, especially if health workers' hesitancy is considered. Methods An extensive review of the literature was conducted to identify the main determinants of vaccine hesitancy in health workers, as well as to find already validated surveys to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors (KAB) of health workers towards vaccination, both in general and with specific regard to COVID-19. Building on the available information, a new survey was developed to assess the KAB of Italian health care workers towards COVID-19 vaccination after validation with a pilot study in a diverse sample of 30 Italian health workers. Results A new survey was validated to assess the KAB of health workers towards COVID-19 vaccination in Italian health workers. The survey requires about 6 minutes to complete and is composed of 30 questions, investigating different domains: socio-demographic and professional characteristics (6);health status (2);attitudes (11);behaviors (6);knowledge (4). The survey will be administered to a representative sample of at least 385 Italian health workers through the web platform SurveyMonkey in the period June-September 2021. Preliminary results will be available by the end of October 2021. Conclusions By analyzing KAB towards COVID-19 vaccination with a new tool, the magnitude and determinants of health worker's COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy will be evaluated to understand how to improve health workers' perception towards COVID-19 vaccination and, consequently, foster their positive influence on the general population. Key messages We explore the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors towards COVID-19 vaccination in all categories of health workers operating on the Italian territory to understand the reasons of vaccine hesitancy. Understanding the determinants of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in Italian health workers is necessary given their influence on the perception of the general population in Italy.

Signa Vitae ; 17(5):52-57, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1438976


Introduction: The global pandemic of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) began in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and spread worldwide. This retrospective study summarizes clinical experience and analgo-sedation treatment used for this novel epidemic in an Italian ICU between February to May 2020. Methods: This is a retrospective trial of 72 patients with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection (COVID-19) admitted to ICU between February15, 2020 and May 15, 2020. Main Outcomes are demographic, clinical data (age, sex, medical comorbidities, respiratory supports, positive end-expiratory pressure values (PEEP), fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2), arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), sedatives and analgesic drugs, their dosage and way of administration, medical treatments and patients mortality), ventilation strategies, sedation management in ICUs and patient mortality. Results: The mean age of the 72 patients included in the study was 69 years (SD ±12), 77% were male. All patients required respiratory support and sedation management according to different techniques of ventilation: 100% received deep sedation (RASS-4) before intubation and invasive mechanical ventilation and 19% received light sedation (RASS-1) and noninvasive ventilation). Conclusions: Of the 72 patients admitted in ICUs, 92% died. A total of 608 patients admitted to the AORN dei Colli “Naples” with confirmed COVID-19. In this restrospective study we have analyzed 72 (out of 608) patients that were admitted to intensive care due to worsening clinical conditions. All patients required tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation with deep sedation (RASS-4), while only 19% (patients required light sedation so RASS-1) were subsequentely swiched to light sedation because of the need of compliance with non-invasive ventilation. Sedation was obtained with propofol, remifentanil, midazolam and dexmedetomidine, according to hospital guidelines. ©2021 The Author(s). Published by MRE Press.

European Urology ; 79:S271-S272, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1357832