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EuropePMC; 2022.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-335266


ABSTRACT Background The administration of a third (booster) dose of COVID-19 vaccines in Peru initially employed the BNT162b2 (Pfizer) mRNA vaccine. The national vaccination program started with healthcare workers (HCW) who received BBIBP-CorV (Sinopharm) vaccine as primary regimen and elderly people previously immunized with BNT162b2. This study evaluated the reactogenicity and immunogenicity of the “booster” dose in these two groups in Lima, Peru. Methods We conducted a prospective cohort study, recruiting participants from November to December of 2021 in Lima, Peru. We evaluated immunogenicity and reactogenicity in HCW and elderly patients previously vaccinated with either two doses of BBIBP-CorV (heterologous regimen) or BTN162b2 (homologous regimen). Immunogenicity was measured by anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody levels immediately before boosting dose and 14 days later. IgG geometric means (GM) and medians were obtained, and modeled using ANCOVA and quantile regressions. Results The GM of IgG levels increased significantly after boosting: from 28.5±5.0 AU/mL up to 486.6±1.2 AU/mL (p<0.001) which corresponds to a 17-fold increase. The heterologous vaccine regimen produced higher GM of post-booster anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG levels, eliciting a 13% fold increase in the geometric mean ratio (95%CI: 1.02-1.27) and a median difference of 92.3 AU/ml (95%CI: 24.9-159.7). Both were safe and well tolerated. Previous COVID-19 infection was also associated with higher pre and post-booster IgG GM levels. Conclusion Although both boosting regimens were highly immunogenic, two doses of BBIBP-CorV boosted with BTN162b2 produced a stronger IgG antibody response than the homologous BNT162b2 regimen in the Peruvian population. Additionally, both regimens were mildly reactogenic and well-tolerated.

Rev. Cuerpo Méd. Hosp. Nac. Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo ; 14(Supl. 1): 81-83, oct. 21, 2021.
Article in Spanish, English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1529109


La infección por COVID-19 es un grave problema de salud pública en el Perú. Uno de los medicamentos del cual tenemos evidencia clara de su uso en COVID-19 son los corticoesteroides;sonfármacoslipofílicosdeacciónnuclear.Seindicanen enfermedades inflamatorias y autoinmunes en donde el propio sistema inmune ataca las células de nuestro organismo

COVID-19 infection is a serious public health problem in Peru. One of the drugs for which we have clear evidence of their use in COVID-19 is corticosteroids; these are lipophilic, nuclear-acting drugs that are indicated in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases where the immune system itself attacks the cells of our organism the cells of our organism the cells of our body the cells of our body the cells of our body the cells of our body the cells of our body the cells of our body.

Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica ; 38(1): 7-16, 2021.
Article in Spanish, English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1289342


OBJECTIVES: To standardize and validate an in-house RT-LAMP test for the detection of SARS-CoV-2, based on laboratory and field assays using samples from COVID-19 suspected patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An in-house SARS-CoV-2 RT-LAMP molecular test was standardized, establishing the detection limit with Vero cells of isolated Peruvian strains of SARS-CoV-2, and the robustness to various concentrations of primers. The laboratory validation was performed with 384 nasal and pharyngeal swab samples (UFH) obtained between March and July 2020. The field validation was performed with 383 UFH obtained from COVID-19 suspected symptomatic cases. All samples were tested by RT-LAMP and RT-qPCR. The RT-qPCR was considered as the reference standard test. The concordance measures and diagnostic performance were calculated. RESULTS: The detection limit was consistent in cases with Ct <30 in both tests, showing efficiency to detect up to 1000 copies/µL of the target gene. Robustness was evidenced with half of the primer concentrations and 20 µL of final volume. Absence of amplification was identified for other HCoVs. Concordance showed a kappa index of 0.88 (95% CI: 0.83-0.93) and 0.89 (95% CI: 0.84 - 0.94) in laboratory and field settings, respectively. The sensitivity value in the laboratory was 87.4% (95% CI: 80.8 - 92.4) and 88.1% in the field (95% CI: 81.6 - 92.9). The specificity value in both settings was 98.8% (95% CI: 96.4-99.7). CONCLUSIONS: The in-house SARS-CoV-2 RT-LAMP test was successfully validated based on its adequate robustness, no cross-reactions, good concordance, and diagnostic performance compared to RT-qPCR.

OBJETIVOS: Estandarizar una prueba RT-LAMP in house para la detección de SARS-CoV-2 y validarla con muestras de laboratorio y de campo en pacientes con sospecha clínica de COVID-19. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Se estandarizó una prueba molecular RT-LAMP in house para la detección de SARS-CoV-2 estableciéndose el límite de detección con células Vero de cepas peruanas aisladas de SARS-CoV-2. Se validó la prueba en laboratorio con 384 muestras de hisopado nasal y faríngeo (HNF) obtenidas entre marzo y julio de 2020. Para la validación de campo se obtuvieron muestras de HNF de 383 casos sintomáticos sospechosos de COVID-19. Todas las muestras fueron evaluadas por RT-LAMP y RT-qPCR. Para la validación de laboratorio y de campo se consideró como estándar de referencia al RT-qPCR, se calcularon medidas de concordancia y rendimiento diagnóstico. RESULTADOS: El límite de detección fue consistente en los casos con umbral de ciclo (Ct) Ct < 30 en ambas pruebas, mostrando eficiencia para detectar hasta 1000 copias/µL del gen diana. Se evidenció robustez con la mitad de las concentraciones de cebadores y 20 µL de volumen final. Se identificó ausencia de amplificación para otros coronavirus humanos. La concordancia en laboratorio obtuvo un Kappa de 0,88 (IC 95%: 0,83-0,93) y en campo fue de 0,89 (IC 95%: 0,84−0,94); la sensibilidad en laboratorio fue de 87,4% (IC 95%: 80,8−92,4) y en campo fue de 88,1% (IC 95%: 81,6−92,9), la especificidad en ambos escenarios fue de 98,8% (IC 95%: 96,4−99,7). CONCLUSIONES: La prueba RT-LAMP in house fue validada por presentar una adecuada robustez, sin reacciones cruzadas, buena concordancia y rendimiento diagnóstico comparado con el RT-qPCR.

COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Animals , Chlorocebus aethiops , Humans , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , RNA, Viral , Reference Standards , Sensitivity and Specificity , Vero Cells
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 37(3):585-586, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), Grey literature | ID: grc-745581
Acta méd. peru ; 37(3):390-392, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), Grey literature | ID: grc-745472
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 37(3):585-586, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1022979