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Ital J Pediatr ; 48(1): 198, 2022 Dec 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2162406


BACKGROUND: It is reported that the adverse impact of nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) on the mental health of children and adolescents may lead to psychologically related disorders during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) period. Subject symptoms such as chest pain, chest tightness, and palpitation may be related to increased stress and anxiety in children and adolescents. The present research aimed to determine the number of pediatric consults and etiology of subject symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic period and compared it with the same timelines in 2019 and 2021 to discuss the impact of different periods on the organic disease onset of children with subject symptoms, especially in cardiac involvement. METHODS: Children who visited Qingdao Women and Children's Hospital, Qingdao University between January 23 to April 30, 2019 (pre-COVID-19 period), January 23 to April 30, 2020 (COVID-19 period), and January 23 to April 30, 2021 (post-COVID-19 period) presenting chest pain, chest tightness, and palpitation were recruited. Information to determine gender, age, medical history, department for the initial visit, clinical manifestations, time from the latest onset to the visit, and diagnosis were recorded. RESULT: A total of 891 patients were enrolled in the present study (514 males; median age: 7.72). One hundred twenty-three patients presented during the pre-COVID-19 period while 130 during the COVID-19 period, nevertheless, the number substantially increased during the post-COVID-19 period (n = 638). Cardiac etiology accounted for 1.68% (n = 15) of the patient population, including arrhythmias (n = 10, 1.12%), myocarditis (n = 4, 0.44%), and atrial septal defect (n = 1, 0.11%). There was no significant difference among groups in the distribution of organic etiology. The median time from the latest onset to the visit during the pre-COVID-19 period was 7 days compared to 10 days during the COVID-19 period and 3 days during the post-COVID period. CONCLUSION: During the post-COVID-19 period, the median time from the latest onset to the visit was significantly shorter than that in the pre-COVID-19 period or COVID-19 period. The pediatric consult of children with subject symptoms presented increased substantially during the post-COVID-19 period, while there was no significant difference in the number of patients involving the cardiac disease. Clinicians ought to be more careful to screen heart diseases to prevent missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis during special periods.

COVID-19 , Heart Diseases , Adolescent , Male , Humans , Female , Child , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Referral and Consultation , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Heart Diseases/epidemiology , Chest Pain/diagnosis , Chest Pain/epidemiology , Chest Pain/etiology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Pediatrics ; 146(1)2020 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-648508


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a newly identified pathogen that mainly spreads by droplets. Most published studies have been focused on adult patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but data concerning pediatric patients are limited. In this study, we aimed to determine epidemiological characteristics and clinical features of pediatric patients with COVID-19. METHODS: We reviewed and analyzed data on pediatric patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19, including basic information, epidemiological history, clinical manifestations, laboratory and radiologic findings, treatment, outcome, and follow-up results. RESULTS: A total of 74 pediatric patients with COVID-19 were included in this study. Of the 68 case patients whose epidemiological data were complete, 65 (65 of 68; 95.59%) were household contacts of adults. Cough (32.43%) and fever (27.03%) were the predominant symptoms of 44 (59.46%) symptomatic patients at onset of the illness. Abnormalities in leukocyte count were found in 23 (31.08%) children, and 10 (13.51%) children presented with abnormal lymphocyte count. Of the 34 (45.95%) patients who had nucleic acid testing results for common respiratory pathogens, 19 (51.35%) showed coinfection with other pathogens other than SARS-CoV-2. Ten (13.51%) children had real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis for fecal specimens, and 8 of them showed prolonged existence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric patients with COVID-19 presented with distinct epidemiological, clinical, and radiologic characteristics from adult patients. Nearly one-half of the infected children had coinfection with other common respiratory pathogens. It is not uncommon for pediatric patients to have prolonged fecal shedding of SARS-CoV-2 RNA during the convalescent phase.

Betacoronavirus , Coinfection/diagnostic imaging , Coinfection/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Coinfection/blood , Coronavirus Infections/blood , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hospitalization/trends , Humans , Infant , Male , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/blood , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2