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1.
Tumori ; 107(2 SUPPL):133, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1571640

ABSTRACT

Background: During COVID pandemic, many cancer patients (pts) refused to come to hospital, suspending therapies, with ominous consequences. Based on positive (+) results of DOMONCOVID, our homecare project for COVID+ cancer pts, we created a new model of assistance, ONCOHOME, delivering cancer care at home to immune-compromised pts. We aim to provide data on feasibility, efficacy and costs of this innovative model. Material and Methods: ONCOHOME is a multicenter project involving 3 Cancer Center (CC) of the North of Italy: National Cancer Institute, San Raffaele in Milan and Cremona CC. We created an organizational homecare model based on a medical and nursing team with a car equipped for home visits and a secretariat managing patient calls, with a dedicated phone number. The team administers cancer care at home and provides pts with the same assistance usually delivered in hospital. Patientreported outcome (PRO) assessment is performed. Results: From August 3rd 2020 to May 5th 2021, 79 cancer pts were assisted at home by Cremona team, receiving oral (62 pts), subcutaneous (10pts) or intravenous therapy (7 pts). All types of cancer were included. 77% of pts had a metastatic disease, 88% had a PS ECOG 0-1. Median duration of assistance was 126 days [range 2-270 days]. Most of the pts received oral chemotherapy (41pts). TKIs (25 pts), hormonal therapy (12 pts), supportive care with denosumab and zolendronic acid (5 pts ) and immunotherapy (1 patient, pt) were successfully administered at home, too. 13 pts required hospitalization due to clinical complications. In this group, only 2 pts were admitted to hospital due to severe toxicity;in particular, 1 pt treated with trifluridin/ tipiracil developed febrile neutropenia and 1 pt treated with gefitinib reported Grade 3 diarrhea. Both pts were discharged and continued to be assisted at home. Conclusions: ONCOHOME showed that inpatient or outpatient cancer drug administration could be successfully replaced by home administration, for appropriate therapies and selected pts. This model is feasible at an affordable cost. The project is ongoing, planning to accrue other 100 pts for each center. ONCOHOME will be implemented with electronic devices for PRO evaluation, certified telemedicine service and non-invasive wearable smart tissue monitoring physiological parameters devices.

2.
Annals of Oncology ; 32:S1149, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1432899

ABSTRACT

Background: During COVID pandemic, many cancer patients (pts) refused to come to hospital, suspending therapies, with ominous consequences. Based on positive (+) results of DOMONCOVID, our homecare project for COVID+ cancer pts, we created a new model of assistance, ONCOHOME, delivering cancer care at home to immune-compromised pts. We aim to provide data on feasibility, efficacy and costs of this innovative model. Methods: ONCOHOME is a multicenter project involving 3 Cancer Center (CC) of the North of Italy: National Cancer Institute, San Raffaele in Milan and Cremona CC. We created an organizational homecare model based on a medical and nursing team with a car equipped for home visits and a secretariat managing patient calls, with a dedicated phone number. The team administers cancer care at home and provides pts with the same assistance usually delivered in hospital. Patient-reported outcome (PRO) assessment is performed. Results: From August 3rd 2020 to May 5th 2021, 79 cancer pts were assisted at home by Cremona team, receiving oral (62 pts), subcutaneous (10pts) or intravenous therapy (7 pts). All types of cancer were included. 77% of pts had a metastatic disease, 88% had a PS ECOG 0-1. Median duration of assistance was 126 days [range 2-270 days]. Most of the pts received oral chemotherapy (41pts). TKIs (25 pts), hormonal therapy (12 pts), supportive care with denosumab and zolendronic acid (5 pts ) and immunotherapy (1 patient, pt) were successfully administered at home, too. 13 pts required hospitalization due to clinical complications. In this group, only 2 pts were admitted to hospital due to severe toxicity;in particular, 1 pt treated with trifluridin/tipiracil developed febrile neutropenia and 1 pt treated with gefitinib reported Grade 3 diarrhea. Both pts were discharged and continued to be assisted at home. Conclusions: ONCOHOME showed that inpatient or outpatient cancer drug administration could be successfully replaced by home administration, for appropriate therapies and selected pts. This model is feasible at an affordable cost. The project is ongoing, planning to accrue other 100 pts for each center. ONCOHOME will be implemented with electronic devices for PRO evaluation, certified telemedicine service and non-invasive wearable smart tissue monitoring physiological parameters devices. Legal entity responsible for the study: The authors. Funding: Has not received any funding. Disclosure: All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

3.
Tumori ; 106(2 SUPPL):69-70, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1109856

ABSTRACT

Background: The province of Cremona had one of the highest incidence of COVID-19 (COV-19) infection in Italy. The pandemic determined a significant shrinkage of our healthcare resources with difficulty for many patients (pts) to be assisted in the hospital, especially for the risk of being infected. Therefore, we created a homecare project for cancer pts with the aim of reducing hospitalizations, accesses to the oncology ward and emergency room. Methods: The team was composed by oncologists and nurses from the Oncology Unit of Cremona Community Hospital, supported by a secretary with a dedicated telephone number. The assistance was provided from Monday to Saturday, 9 AM-5 PM. Cancer pts were eligible if presenting confirmed diagnosis or suggestive symptoms for COV-19. A telephonic triage was performed. Cancer pts and their cohabitants were tested with at least 2 nasopharyngeal swabs (NPS). Blood test, medical examinations and vital parameters were performed. We advised screened individuals to follow the quarantine procedures, providing them with an information leaflet. We administered oral/infusional treatments, including antiviral drugs. Results: From March 23rd to April 30th 2020, 71 cancer pts were assisted at home, with a total of 191 visits. Of the 71 pts tested with NPS, 26 resulted COV-19 positive (COV-19+). 19 of COV-19+ pts had mild symptoms;7 pts with stable vital parameters and initial pneumonia were successfully treated at home with hydroxychloroquine, antivirals and NSAIDs. 7 pts with severe symptoms were promptly hospitalized. 4 of them died, 2 due to the infection, 2 to progression disease. 52 cohabitants were screened with NPS, 28 lived with a COV-19+ cancer patient;in this subgroup, 16 resulted COV-19+. 15 of them were completely asymptomatic. Conclusions: This project demonstrated the feasibility of an innovative model based on homecare assistance for COV-19+ cancer pts with mild symptoms. This strategy, limiting the number of hospital accesses for COV-19+ pts, might be useful to contain the spread of the infection. Further studies are needed to test this strategy in COV-19 negative cancer pts. Moreover, our experience indicates a high probability of identifying asymptomatic positive individuals cohabiting with COVID+ pts. NPS screening for asymptomatic subjects is not routinely performed in Italy. There is a urgent need to extend the screening to this population.

4.
Database (Oxford) ; 20202020 01 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-933843

ABSTRACT

The current coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV)-2, has spurred a wave of research of nearly unprecedented scale. Among the different strategies that are being used to understand the disease and develop effective treatments, the study of physical molecular interactions can provide fine-grained resolution of the mechanisms behind the virus biology and the human organism response. We present a curated dataset of physical molecular interactions focused on proteins from SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV-1 and other members of the Coronaviridae family that has been manually extracted by International Molecular Exchange (IMEx) Consortium curators. Currently, the dataset comprises over 4400 binarized interactions extracted from 151 publications. The dataset can be accessed in the standard formats recommended by the Proteomics Standards Initiative (HUPO-PSI) at the IntAct database website (https://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact) and will be continuously updated as research on COVID-19 progresses.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronaviridae , Coronavirus Infections , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Protein Interaction Maps , COVID-19 , Humans , Organ Specificity , Proteomics , SARS-CoV-2 , Viral Proteins
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