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Psychiatry Res ; 305: 114254, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1487925


The spread of the novel coronavirus has led to unprecedented changes in daily living. College students (N = 205) completed a battery of questionnaires in April of 2020, after having completed similar measures 8, 5, and 2 months prior as part of a larger study. A repeated measures ANOVA suggested significantly greater depression and anxiety symptom severity during the pandemic than any other time during the 2019-2020 academic year. Two-thirds reported a level of distress above clinical cutoffs on the PHQ-9 and GAD-7. Pre-existing depression and anxiety symptom severity was associated with greater psychological distress during the pandemic. One quarter of students reported using substances to cope with the pandemic. Static and modifiable factors associated with psychological distress and controlling for pre-existing psychological distress were examined. Cognitive and behavioral avoidance, online social engagement, and problematic Internet use were associated with greater risk. Women and Latinx participants were more likely to experience elevated distress during the pandemic, even when controlling for distress prior to the pandemic.

COVID-19 , Pandemics , Anxiety/epidemiology , Depression/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Mental Health , Protective Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Students
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S90-S93, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-457090


Researchers have long examined grief-related reactions to the diagnosis of a loved one with a terminal illness, including preloss grief (PLG), which is the experience of grief symptoms prior to the loss of a loved one. Families face novel challenges when loved ones with COVID-19 become critically ill-most notably mandated physical separation-and may experience a wide range of PLG responses. This commentary examines the existing literature related to PLG as a means for understanding the psychological impact of COVID-19 deaths, identifies factors professionals can assess for and address when working with a family member of COVID-19 patients, and identifies areas for future research related to COVID-19 and PLG. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Family/psychology , Grief , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Social Support , Adult , COVID-19 , Health Personnel , Humans , Mental Health Services , Pandemics , Research Personnel