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Composites Research ; 35(3):216-221, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1979609


Recently, the worldwide demand for disposable masks has increased due to COVID-19 infections and severe air pollution. Personal masks should reduce breathe resistance while maintaining filtering performance. In this study, a solution blowing process is used to produce composite nanofiber filters to co-spin two polymers at once. The manufacture process of the various fiber diameter filter was designed, and the filtration performance and differential pressure of the prepared filter was investigated. Poly vinylidene fluoride-hexafluoropropylene (PVDF-HFP) and Polylactic acid (PLA) fibers were chosen to be entangled together in a layer with a diameter of 1.05 mu m and 0.33 mu m. Composite nanofilters showed up to 87% filtration efficiency and 32 Pa differential pressure.

International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics ; 111(3):e194, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1458445


Purpose/Objective(s): Medical student education in radiation oncology traditionally takes place in-person during 3rd or 4th year of medical school. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, onsite clerkships were placed on hold, leading to virtual medical student clerkships in radiation oncology which incorporated didactics and hands-on learning. We sought to implement this virtual medical student clerkship in radiation oncology at multiple institutions and analyze the impact and utility of this platform. Materials/Methods: An IRB-approved virtual clerkship was created and implemented at 7 institutions. Students enrolled in home or away rotations. Clerkships offered general and disease subsite-specific oncology topics through recorded didactics geared towards medical students on, as well as clinical vignettes, telehealth visits, chart rounds, contouring, and capstone presentations. Surveys were given pre- and post-clerkship to assess baseline comfort and knowledge. At the end of each clerkship, a course exam was given consisting of 48 questions. Clerkship directors were given a survey to assess comfort and ease of implementing the virtual clerkship. Surveys and course exams were analyzed using Wilcoxon Signed rank test and t-test, 2-sided. Results: Seventy-two (72) students enrolled at 7 institutions between 4/2020 and 2/2021. Survey response rates were 100% pre- and post-clerkship as well as from course directors. The majority of students were MS4 (57%) and MS3 (33%) with equal distribution in gender. Each institution's median number of total medical students doing an away rotation was 4 (range 3-9) and home rotation number of students 2 (range 0-36). The median length of each virtual rotation was 2.5 weeks (range: 1-4 week). 71% (n = 51) of medical students had never previously enrolled in a radiation oncology elective. Improvements in the overall knowledge of radiation oncology, as well as specific knowledge in the scope of radiation oncology, roles of radiation physicist, dosimetrist and therapist, contouring, treatment planning, and training path to the field (all P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in course final exam scores between students who had attended a radiation oncology elective before enrollment and those who had not (P = 0.27). Course directors reported spending an additional 5-10 hours per week with students. The survey revealed 100% were satisfied with content and delivery of this virtual elective, and 83% (n = 6) indicated they would utilize the material for future rotations. Conclusion: Implementation of a multi-institutional virtual radiation oncology elective was successful at improving knowledge for medical students at all levels, even those that had exposure previously. This virtual elective platform can be utilized to improve access to multiple institutions, resources, mentors, and networking opportunities. Resources in the virtual rotation platform can also be integrated into traditional educational paradigms to increase exposure in the field.

International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics ; 111(3):e424-e425, 2021.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-1428053
Allergy Asthma & Respiratory Disease ; 9(3):115-123, 2021.
Article in Korean | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1359342


A novel coronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in December 2019 in China. The mutated coronavirus spread worldwide, and some patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 developed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) manifested with upper respiratory infection, pneumonia, or respiratory distress. Since the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic was declared with surging confirmed cases and mortality of COVID-19 worldwide, it has reshaped our way of living and how to manage patients with allergic diseases. The medical staff, including allergy specialists, has been at the forefront of fighting against the SARSCoV-2 pandemic and is struggling to guarantee safety to themselves and their patients. Thanks to vigorous research into the relationship between SARS-CoV-2 and allergic diseases, we have become able to treat allergic patients with the best of evidence to date. The clinician should make a careful decision on each clinical situation with regard to patient characteristics, local and national circumstances as well as the knowledge we have, since it is still limited. We hope further efforts to identify the nature of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 clearer and effective SARS-CoV-2 vaccination will soon remove the grim picture of the worldwide pandemic and bring us back to normal.