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J Crit Care ; 63: 22-25, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1062451

ABSTRACT

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a frequent complication in critically ill patients with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and it has been associated with worse clinical outcomes, especially when Kidney Replacement Therapy (KRT) is required. A condition of hypercoagulability has been frequently reported in COVID-19 patients, and this very fact may complicate KRT management. Sustained Low Efficiency Dialysis (SLED) is a hybrid dialysis modality increasingly used in critically ill patients since it allows to maintain acceptable hemodynamic stability and to overcome the increased clotting risk of the extracorporeal circuit, especially when Regional Citrate Anticoagulation (RCA) protocols are applied. Notably, given the mainly diffusive mechanism of solute transport, SLED is associated with lower stress on both hemofilter and blood cells as compared to convective KRT modalities. Finally, RCA, as compared with heparin-based protocols, does not further increase the already high hemorrhagic risk of patients with AKI. Based on these premises, we performed a pilot study on the clinical management of critically ill patients with COVID-19 associated AKI who underwent SLED with a simplified RCA protocol. Low circuit clotting rates were observed, as well as adequate KRT duration was achieved in most cases, without any relevant metabolic complication nor worsening of hemodynamic status.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury/complications , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , COVID-19/complications , Citric Acid/therapeutic use , Critical Care/methods , Hybrid Renal Replacement Therapy/methods , SARS-CoV-2 , Blood Coagulation/drug effects , COVID-19/virology , Critical Illness , Heparin/therapeutic use , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pilot Projects , Treatment Outcome
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