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1.
Clinical kidney journal ; 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1999581

ABSTRACT

Background Sotrovimab is a neutralizing monoclonal antibody (MAB) which seems to remain active against recent SARS-CoV-2 variants. However, the evidence on its use in kidney transplant (KT) recipients is limited. Methods We performed a multicenter retrospective cohort study of 82 KT patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection (COVID-19) treated with sotrovimab. Results Median age was 63 years. Diabetes was present in 43.9%, obesity in 32.9% and 48.8% of patients had an estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate <30 mL/min/1.73m2. Additional anti-COVID-19 therapies were administered in 56 patients, especially intravenous steroids (65.9%). Sotrovimab was administered early (<5 days from the onset of the symptoms) in 46 patients (56%). Early-treated patients showed less likely progression to severe COVID-19 than those treated later, represented as a lower need for ventilator support (2.2% vs. 36.1%, P<0.001) or intensive care admission (2.2% vs. 25%;P = 0.002) and COVID-19-related mortality (2.2% vs. 16.7%;P = 0.020). In the multivariable analysis, controlling for baseline risk factors to severe COVID-19 in KT recipients, early use of sotrovimab remained as a protective factor for a composite outcome including need for ventilator support, intensive care and/or COVID-19-related mortality. No anaphylactic reactions, acute rejection episodes, impaired renal function events or non-renal side effects related to sotrovimab were observed. Conclusions Sotrovimab had an excellent safety profile even in high-comorbidity patients and advanced chronic kidney disease stages. Earlier administration could prevent progression to severe disease while clinical outcomes were poor in patients treated later. Larger controlled studies enrolling KT recipients are warranted to elucidate the true efficacy of MAB therapies. Graphical Graphical

2.
Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association ; 37(Suppl 3), 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1999038

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS The successive COVID-19 epidemic waves have significantly influenced kidney transplantation (KT) programs. Contact protection together with vaccination are the principal protective tools for KT recipients. We reviewed the impact of COVID-19 infection in KT recipients throughout the different epidemic waves. METHOD Of 900 active KT recipients in our program, 160 (17.8%) have suffered COVID-19 infection during the six epidemic waves: first (March–August 2020), second (September–December2020), third (January–March 2021), fourth (April–May 2021), fifth (June–September 2021) and sixth (October–December 2021, preliminary data). We compared the clinical evolution and the impact of vaccination. RESULTS Infected KT recipients were younger in the third and fourth waves (P  < 0.001). We observed a higher percentage of pneumonia and hospital admission in the first and fifth waves (P = 0.045, P = 0.016) (Table 1), without differences in ICU admission, and with the disappearance of asymptomatic cases after the third wave. The highest mortality was observed in KT recipients >65 years old infected within the first 6 months after KT (P = 0.006) and overall mortality was higher in the first wave (P = 0.033). Mortality in hospitalized KT recipients and those admitted in the ICU were similar along the 5 waves, without clear impact of vaccination (P = 0.251). On the 5 January 2022, we have already accumulated an incidence of COVID in KT of 3.1% (sixth wave, 77% with booster vaccination), similar to the first wave (3.8%), with 12.5% mortality, similar to second, third and fifth waves, in patients with outcome (53.3%). CONCLUSION The incidence of COVID-19 in KT recipients has been high in all the waves of the pandemic in Spain. Global mortality has diminished after the first wave, and the time until outcome has increased. The highest mortality occurs in the subgroup of old KT recipients early after KT. Vaccination has not significantly reduced the mortality in KT with Covid who require hospital or ICU admission.

3.
Transplantation ; 106(7): 1430-1439, 2022 07 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1779013

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The clinical effectiveness of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination in kidney transplant (KT) recipients is lower than in the general population. METHODS: From April to October 2021, 481 KT recipients with COVID-19, included in the Spanish Society of Nephrology COVID-19 Registry, were analyzed. Data regarding vaccination status and vaccine type were collected, and outcomes of unvaccinated or partially vaccinated patients (n = 130) were compared with fully vaccinated patients (n = 351). RESULTS: Clinical picture was similar and survival analysis showed no differences between groups: 21.7% of fully vaccinated patients and 20.8% of unvaccinated or partially vaccinated died (P = 0.776). In multivariable analysis, age and pneumonia were independent risk factors for death, whereas vaccination status was not related to mortality. These results remained similar when we excluded patients with partial vaccination, as well as when we analyzed exclusively hospitalized patients. Patients vaccinated with mRNA-1273 (n = 213) showed a significantly lower mortality than those who received the BNT162b2 vaccine (n = 121) (hazard ratio: 0.52; 95% confidence interval, 0.31-0.85; P = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 severity in KT patients has remained high and has not improved despite receiving 2 doses of the mRNA vaccine. The mRNA-1273 vaccine shows higher clinical effectiveness than BNT162b2 in KT recipients with breakthrough infections. Confirmation of these data will require further research taking into account the new variants and the administration of successive vaccine doses.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Kidney Transplantation , 2019-nCoV Vaccine mRNA-1273 , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Humans , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , RNA, Messenger , SARS-CoV-2 , Transplant Recipients , Vaccination , Vaccines, Synthetic , mRNA Vaccines
5.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-318061

ABSTRACT

Dear Preprints with the Lancet Readers, We removed this preprint due to concerns about the description of the research in this paper. This led us to initiate an investigation into this study.Following the conclusion of an investigation into this study by the National Centre of Biomedical Research on Frailty and Healthy Aging (CIBERFES), Spain, the report concluded that: 1) In the elaboration of the manuscript and the correspondence of the authors with the Journal, there was a series of mistakes made by the authors in the qualification of the study and its description;and 2) At all times good practices for clinical research were carefully followed and in no case was the health of the patients put at any risk.The comments that have been posted on this preprint will remain available on this page. Please note that this comment thread is now closed to further posts.

6.
Arch Med Res ; 53(1): 100-108, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1458613

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has been associated with negative results in patients with A blood group and with a better evolution in O blood group individuals. AIM: Because the evidence regarding ABO blood groups and COVID was empirically not that clear in our country, we tested the association regarding COVID-19 and blood groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Adult patients were enrolled in this prospective, case-control, observational multicenter study. Patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 were assigned to one of three groups based on the clinical presentation of the infection. Age, gender, ABO and Rh blood groups, body mass index, history of diabetes mellitus or high blood pressure, and smoking were recorded directly or from their clinical charts. ABO blood group was obtained from 5,000 blood donors (50% each gender). Atherothrombotic variables were compared with a nation-wide data collection. RESULTS: A total of 2,416 patients with COVID-19 were included (women:39.6%; men:60.4%). There were no significant differences between cases and controls in terms of age. O blood group was the most frequently found in healthy donors and COVID-19 patients, but this blood group was significantly higher in COVID-19 patients vs. healthy donors. ABO blood group was not associated with the final health status in COVID-19 patients. Obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and smoking were significantly more frequent among COVID-19 patients. CONCLUSION: The proposed protective effect of the O blood group in COVID-19 patients could not be reproduced in the Mexican population while some atherothrombotic risk factors had a significant effect on the clinical evolution.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System , COVID-19 , Adult , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Am J Transplant ; 22(3): 786-800, 2022 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1434625

ABSTRACT

Studies are urgently needed to characterize immunogenicity, efficacy, and safety of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) mRNA vaccines in kidney transplant (KT) recipients, excluded from major clinical trials. Complex ELISPOT and other cellular response techniques have been applied, but simpler tools are needed. An easy-to-use real-world monitoring of SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies against the Spike protein and QuantiFERON® SARS-CoV-2 IFNγ release assay (IGRA) were performed at baseline and 28 days after the second dose in KT recipients and controls (dialysis patients and healthy ones). All healthy controls and >95% dialysis controls became positive for anti-S IgG antibodies, while only 63.3% of KT patients seroconverted with a very low antibody level. A positive IGRA was documented in 96.9% of controls, 89.3% peritoneal dialysis, 77.6% hemodialysis, 61.3% of KT patients transplanted more than 1 year ago and only 36% of those transplanted within the previous 12 months. Overall, 100% of healthy controls, 95.4% of dialysis patients and 78.8% KT recipients developed any immune response (humoral and/or cellular) against SARS-CoV-2. KT patients showed low rates of immune responses to mRNA Coronavirus infectious disease 2019 vaccines, especially those with recent transplantations. Simple humoral and cellular monitoring is advisable, so that repeated doses may be scheduled according to the results.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Kidney Transplantation , Allografts , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Humans , Immunity , Interferon-gamma Release Tests , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Renal Dialysis , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Viruses ; 13(9)2021 08 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1374539

ABSTRACT

Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a host ectopeptidase and the receptor for the SARS-CoV-2 virus, albeit virus-ACE2 interaction goes far beyond viral entry into target cells. Controversial data exists linking viral infection to changes in ACE2 expression and function, which might influence the subsequent induction of an inflammatory response. Here, we tested the significance of soluble ACE2 enzymatic activity longitudinally in nasopharyngeal swabs and plasma samples of SARS-CoV-2 infected patients, along with the induction of inflammatory cytokines. Release of soluble functional ACE2 increases upon SARS-CoV-2 infection in swabs and plasma of infected patients, albeit rapidly decreasing during infection course in parallel with ACE2 gene expression. Similarly, SARS-CoV-2 infection also induced the expression of inflammatory cytokines. These changes positively correlated with the viral load. Overall, our results demonstrate the existence of mechanisms by which SARS-CoV-2 modulates ACE2 expression and function, intracellular viral sensing and subsequent inflammatory response, offering new insights into ACE2 dynamics in the human upper respiratory tract and pointing towards soluble ACE2 levels as a putative early biomarker of infection severity.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/metabolism , COVID-19/metabolism , COVID-19/virology , Host-Pathogen Interactions , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/genetics , Biomarkers , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/immunology , Cytokines/blood , Cytokines/genetics , Cytokines/metabolism , Gene Expression , Host-Pathogen Interactions/immunology , Humans , Respiratory Mucosa/immunology , Respiratory Mucosa/metabolism , Respiratory Mucosa/pathology , Respiratory Mucosa/virology , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Viral Load
9.
Nutrients ; 13(8)2021 Jul 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1325746

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In COVID-19 patients, low serum vitamin D (VD) levels have been associated with severe acute respiratory failure and poor prognosis. In regular hemodialysis (HD) patients, there is VD deficiency and markedly reduced calcitriol levels, which may predispose them to worse outcomes of COVID-19 infection. Some hemodialysis patients receive treatment with drugs for secondary hyperparathyroidism, which have well known pleiotropic effects beyond mineral metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of VD status and the administration of active vitamin D medications, used to treat secondary hyperparathyroidism, on survival in a cohort of COVID-19 positive HD patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional retrospective observational study was conducted from 12 March to 21 May 2020 in 288 HD patients with positive PCR for SARS-CoV2. Patients were from 52 different centers in Spain. RESULTS: The percent of HD patients with COVID-19 was 6.1% (288 out of 4743). Mortality rate was 28.4% (81/285). Three patients were lost to follow-up. Serum 25(OH)D (calcidiol) level was 17.1 [10.6-27.5] ng/mL and was not significantly associated to mortality (OR 0.99 (0.97-1.01), p = 0.4). Patients receiving active vitamin D medications (16/94 (17%) vs. 65/191(34%), p = 0.003), including calcimimetics (4/49 (8.2%) vs. 77/236 (32.6%), p = 0.001), paricalcitol or calcimimetics (19/117 (16.2%) vs. 62/168 (36.9%); p < 0.001), and also those on both paricalcitol and calcimimetics, to treat secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPTH) (1/26 (3.8%) vs. 80/259 (30.9%), p < 0.001) showed a lower mortality rate than patients receiving no treatment with either drug. Multivariate Cox regression analysis confirmed this increased survival. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the use of paricalcitol, calcimimetics or the combination of both, seem to be associated with the improvement of survival in HD patients with COVID-19. No correlation was found between serum VD levels and prognosis or outcomes in HD patients with COVID-19. Prospective studies and clinical trials are needed to support these findings.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/mortality , Calcitriol/administration & dosage , Ergocalciferols/administration & dosage , Renal Dialysis/mortality , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/blood , Calcifediol/blood , Calcium/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/blood , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/drug therapy , Male , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Survival Analysis , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/drug therapy , Vitamin D Deficiency/mortality , Vitamin D Deficiency/virology
10.
Kidney Int Rep ; 6(9): 2305-2315, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1293763

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Remdesivir has demonstrated antiviral activity against coronavirus, shortening the time to recovery in adults hospitalized with moderate/severe COVID-19. Severe adverse events such as acute kidney injury have been reported. Scant data are available on the use and safety of remdesivir in kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: We present a multicenter cohort study of 51 kidney transplant recipients with COVID-19 treated with remdesivir. Outcomes and safety were assessed. RESULTS: Mean age at diagnosis was 60 years, with a median time since kidney transplant of 4.5 years. Mean time since admission to remdesivir was 2 days. Twenty-eight patients (54.9%) required mechanical ventilation (19 noninvasive). Mortality was 18.9% and markedly higher if aged ≥65 years (45% vs. 3.2% in younger patients). Acute kidney injury was present in 27.7% of patients, but was diagnosed in 50% before treatment. No patients required remdesivir discontinuation because of adverse events. We did not find significant hepatoxicity or systemic symptoms resulting from the drug. CONCLUSION: In our cohort of kidney transplant recipients, remdesivir was well tolerated and safe in renal and hepatic toxicity, but randomized trials are needed to assess its efficacy.

11.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 106(10): e4017-e4027, 2021 09 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1259228

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT: COVID-19 is a major health problem because of saturation of intensive care units (ICU) and mortality. Vitamin D has emerged as a potential treatment able to reduce the disease severity. OBJECTIVE: This work aims to elucidate the effect of 25(OH)D3 (calcifediol) treatment on COVID-19-related outcomes. METHODS: This observational cohort study was conducted from March to May 2020, among patients admitted to COVID-19 wards of Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain. A total of 930 patients with COVID-19 were included; 92 were excluded because of previous calcifediol intake. Of the remaining 838, a total of 447 received calcifediol (532 µg on day 1 plus 266 µg on days 3, 7, 15, and 30), whereas 391 were not treated at the time of hospital admission (intention-to-treat). Of the latter, 53 patients were treated later during ICU admission and were allocated in the treated group in a second analysis. In healthy individuals, calcifediol is about 3.2-fold more potent on a weight basis than cholecalciferol. Main outcome measures were ICU admission and mortality. RESULTS: ICU assistance was required by 102 (12.2%) participants. Out of 447 patients treated with calcifediol at admission, 20 (4.5%) required the ICU, compared to 82 (21%) out of 391 nontreated (P < .001). Logistic regression of calcifediol treatment on ICU admission, adjusted by age, sex, linearized 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels at baseline, and comorbidities showed that treated patients had a reduced risk of requiring the ICU (odds ratio [OR] 0.13; 95% CI 0.07-0.23). Overall mortality was 10%. In the intention-to-treat analysis, 21 (4.7%) out of 447 patients treated with calcifediol at admission died compared to 62 patients (15.9%) out of 391 nontreated (P = .001). Adjusted results showed a reduced mortality risk with an OR of 0.21 (95% CI, 0.10-0.43). In the second analysis, the obtained OR was 0.52 (95% CI, 0.27-0.99). CONCLUSION: In patients hospitalized with COVID-19, calcifediol treatment significantly reduced ICU admission and mortality.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/drug therapy , Calcifediol/administration & dosage , SARS-CoV-2 , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cholecalciferol/administration & dosage , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Female , Hospital Mortality , Hospitalization , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Male , Middle Aged , Spain , Treatment Outcome , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology
12.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 10(6)2021 May 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1243942

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyze a nosocomial coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak that occurred on a polyvalent non-COVID-19 ward at a tertiary care university hospital in Spain during the first wave of the pandemic and to describe the containment measures taken. The outbreak affected healthcare workers (HCWs) and kidney disease patients including transplant patients and those requiring maintenance hemodialysis. METHODS: The outbreak investigation and report were conducted in accordance with the Orion statement guidelines. RESULTS: In this study, 15 cases of COVID-19 affecting 10 patients and 5 HCWs were identified on a ward with 31 beds and 43 HCWs. The patients had tested negative for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection on admission. One of the HCWs was identified as the probable index case. Five patients died (mortality rate, 50%). They were all elderly and had significant comorbidities. The infection control measures taken included the transfer of infected patients to COVID-19 isolation wards, implementation of universal preventive measures, weekly PCR testing of patients and HCWs linked to the ward, training of HCWs on infection control and prevention measures, and enhancement of cleaning and disinfection. The outbreak was contained in 2 weeks, and no new cases occurred. CONCLUSION: Nosocomial COVID-19 outbreaks can have high attack rates involving both patients and HCWs and carry a high risk of patient mortality. Hospitals need to implement effective infection prevention and control strategies to prevent nosocomial COVID-19 spread.

14.
Am J Transplant ; 21(7): 2573-2582, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1147058

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2 infection has produced high mortality in kidney transplant (KT) recipients, especially in the elderly. Until December 2020, 1011 KT with COVID-19 have been prospectively included in the Spanish Registry and followed until recovery or death. In multivariable analysis, age, pneumonia, and KT performed ≤6 months before COVID-19 were predictors of death, whereas gastrointestinal symptoms were protective. Survival analysis showed significant increasing mortality risk in four subgroups according to recipient age and time after KT (age <65 years and posttransplant time >6 months, age <65 and time ≤6, age ≥65 and time >6 and age ≥65 and time ≤6): mortality rates were, respectively, 11.3%, 24.5%, 35.4%, and 54.5% (p < .001). Patients were significantly younger, presented less pneumonia, and received less frequently specific anti-COVID-19 treatment in the second wave (July-December) than in the first one (March-June). Overall mortality was lower in the second wave (15.1 vs. 27.4%, p < .001) but similar in critical patients (66.7% vs. 58.1%, p = .29). The interaction between age and time post-KT should be considered when selecting recipients for transplantation in the COVID-19 pandemic. Advanced age and a recent KT should foster strict protective measures, including vaccination.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Kidney Transplantation , Aged , Humans , Infant , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Pandemics , Registries , SARS-CoV-2 , Transplant Recipients
15.
Nefrologia (Engl Ed) ; 41(2): 91-94, 2021.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1091689
16.
Nutrients ; 13(2)2021 Feb 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1069852

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Zinc is an essential micronutrient that impacts host-pathogen interplay at infection. Zinc balances immune responses, and also has a proven direct antiviral action against some viruses. Importantly, zinc deficiency (ZD) is a common condition in elderly and individuals with chronic diseases, two groups with an increased risk for severe severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outcomes. We hypothesize that serum zinc content (SZC) influences COVID-19 disease progression, and thus might represent a useful biomarker. METHODS: We ran an observational cohort study with 249 COVID-19 patients admitted in Hospital del Mar. We have studied COVID-19 severity and progression attending to SZC at admission. In parallel, we have studied severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) replication in the Vero E6 cell line modifying zinc concentrations. FINDINGS: Our study demonstrates a correlation between serum zinc levels and COVID-19 outcome. Serum zinc levels lower than 50 µg/dL at admission correlated with worse clinical presentation, longer time to reach stability, and higher mortality. Our in vitro results indicate that low zinc levels favor viral expansion in SARS-CoV-2 infected cells. INTERPRETATION: Low SZC is a risk factor that determines COVID-19 outcome. We encourage performing randomized clinical trials to study zinc supplementation as potential prophylaxis and treatment with people at risk of zinc deficiency.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/pathology , SARS-CoV-2 , Zinc/blood , Aged , Animals , Cell Survival , Chlorocebus aethiops , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Vero Cells , Zinc/administration & dosage , Zinc/pharmacology
17.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 7: 607786, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1069727

ABSTRACT

Background: Most respiratory viruses show pronounced seasonality, but for SARS-CoV-2, this still needs to be documented. Methods: We examined the disease progression of COVID-19 in 6,914 patients admitted to hospitals in Europe and China. In addition, we evaluated progress of disease symptoms in 37,187 individuals reporting symptoms into the COVID Symptom Study application. Findings: Meta-analysis of the mortality risk in seven European hospitals estimated odds ratios per 1-day increase in the admission date to be 0.981 (0.973-0.988, p < 0.001) and per increase in ambient temperature of 1°C to be 0.854 (0.773-0.944, p = 0.007). Statistically significant decreases of comparable magnitude in median hospital stay, probability of transfer to the intensive care unit, and need for mechanical ventilation were also observed in most, but not all hospitals. The analysis of individually reported symptoms of 37,187 individuals in the UK also showed the decrease in symptom duration and disease severity with time. Interpretation: Severity of COVID-19 in Europe decreased significantly between March and May and the seasonality of COVID-19 is the most likely explanation.

18.
J Am Med Dir Assoc ; 22(5): 939-942, 2021 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1056841

ABSTRACT

A Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)-specific Hospital-at-Home was implemented in a 400-bed tertiary hospital in Barcelona, Spain. Senior or immune-compromised physicians oversaw patient care. The alternative to inpatient care more than doubled beds available for hospitalization and decreased the risk of transmission among patients and health care professionals. Mild cases from either the emergency department or after hospital discharge were deemed suitable for admission to the Hospital-at-Home. More than half of all patients had pneumonia. Standardized protocols and management criteria were provided. Only 6% of cases required referral for inpatient hospitalization. These results are promising and may provide valuable insight for centers undertaking Hospital-at-Home initiatives or in the case of new COVID-19 outbreaks.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Telemedicine , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain/epidemiology , Tertiary Care Centers
19.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 7: 615312, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-993382

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Corona Virus 2 has generated significant impact on global health worldwide. COVID-19 can cause pneumonia and organ injury. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been associated with increased mortality in previous epidemics, but there is a paucity of data regarding actual risks for non-dialysis CKD patients with COVID-19. Methods: Multicenter, observational cohort study including 136 non-dialysis CKD patients and 136 age- and sex-matched controls that required hospitalization due to COVID-19. Patients with end-stage renal disease, a kidney transplant or without registered baseline glomerular filtration rate prior to COVID-19 infection were excluded. CKD and acute kidney injury (AKI) were defined according to KDIGO criteria. Results: CKD patients had higher white blood cell count and D-dimer and lower lymphocyte percentage. No differences were found regarding symptoms on admission. CKD was associated with higher rate of AKI (61 vs. 24.3%) and mortality (40.4 vs. 24.3%). Patients with AKI had the highest hazard for death (AKI/non-CKD HR:7.04, 95% CI:2.87-17.29; AKI/CKD HR:5.25, 95% CI: 2.29-12.02), followed by CKD subjects without AKI (HR:3.39, 95% CI:1.36-8.46). CKD status did not condition ICU admission or length of in-hospital stay. Conclusions: CKD patients that require hospitalization due to COVID-19 are exposed to higher risk of death and AKI.

20.
Glycobiology ; 31(4): 372-377, 2021 05 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-917675

ABSTRACT

A large variation in the severity of disease symptoms is one of the key open questions in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemics. The fact that only a small subset of people infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 develops severe disease suggests that there have to be some predisposing factors, but biomarkers that reliably predict disease severity have not been found so far. Since overactivation of the immune system is implicated in a severe form of COVID-19 and the immunoglobulin G (IgG) glycosylation is known to be involved in the regulation of different immune processes, we evaluated the association of interindividual variation in IgG N-glycome composition with the severity of COVID-19. The analysis of 166 severe and 167 mild cases from hospitals in Spain, Italy and Portugal revealed statistically significant differences in the composition of the IgG N-glycome. The most notable difference was the decrease in bisecting N-acetylglucosamine in severe patients from all three cohorts. IgG galactosylation was also lower in severe cases in all cohorts, but the difference in galactosylation was not statistically significant after correction for multiple testing.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/pathology , Immunoglobulin G/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Severity of Illness Index , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/metabolism , COVID-19/virology , Cohort Studies , Female , Glycosylation , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Portugal/epidemiology , Spain/epidemiology
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