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1.
Dig Dis ; 2022 Apr 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1807743

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hereditary colorectal cancer syndromes require timely endoscopic surveillance. METHODS: This study evaluated the approach of Italian gastroenterologists to the management of such patients. It then assessed the impact of SARS-CoV-2. All members affiliated with the leading Italian gastroenterology societies (AIGO, SIED, and SIGE) received an online questionnaire. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-one clinicians from 96 centers answered, not necessarily experts in the field (mean age 50.26±11.22 years). Many collected family history for genetic risk assessment (74.4%), but only 14.0% used online predictive software. 65.6% discussed cases in multidisciplinary units. Genetic analysis was available to most centers, but only a few hospitals offered dedicated endoscopy (19.0%), outpatient clinics (33.9%), or surgeries (23.1%). Since the start of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, the number of clinicians with a high volume of patients decreased (from 38.8% to 28.1%). Almost half of the responders (45.5%) reported a delay in the surveillance (median: 4-12 months). Ultimately, 30.6% detected one interval colorectal cancer in at least one of their patients. CONCLUSION: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic directly affected the surveillance of hereditary colorectal cancer syndromes in Italy. Endoscopic surveillance should resume in all centers to avoid the possible long-term consequences of its interruption, especially for inherited colorectal cancer syndromes.

2.
Dig Liver Dis ; 53(5): 534-539, 2021 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1141713

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The present study was aimed to assess the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and associated factors among HCWs in endoscopy centers in Italy. METHODS: All members of the Italian Society of Digestive Endoscopy (SIED) were invited to participate to a questionnaire-based survey during the first months of the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy. RESULTS: 314/1306 (24%) SIED members accounting for 201/502 (40%) endoscopic centers completed the survey. Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) were available in most centers, but filtering face-piece masks (FFP2 or FFP3) and negative pressure room were not in 10.9 and 75.1%. Training courses on PPE use were provided in 57.2% of centers only; there was at least one positive HCW in 17.4% of centers globally, 107/3308 (3.2%) HCWs were diagnosed with COVID-19 with similar rates of physicians (2.9%), nurses (3.5%) and other health operators (3.5%). Involvement in a COVID-19 care team (OR: 4.96) and the lack of training courses for PPE, (OR: 2.65) were associated with increased risk. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of COVID-19 among endoscopy HCWs was not negligible and was associated with work in a COVID-19 care team and lack of education on proper PPE use. These data deserve attention during the subsequent waves.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Infection Control , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Occupational Exposure/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/transmission , Endoscopy, Digestive System/methods , Endoscopy, Digestive System/statistics & numerical data , Female , Humans , Infection Control/instrumentation , Infection Control/methods , Infection Control/standards , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Needs Assessment , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , Risk Assessment/methods , Risk Factors , Staff Development/supply & distribution
3.
Dig Liver Dis ; 53(6): 682-688, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1120261

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has had a huge impact on healthcare systems, resulting in many routine diagnostic procedures either being halted or postponed. AIMS: To evaluate whether the diagnoses of colorectal, gastric and pancreatic cancers have been impacted by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Italy. METHODS: A survey designed to collect the number of histologically-proven diagnoses of the three cancers in gastroenterology services across Italy from January 1 to October 31 in 2017-2020. Non-parametric ANOVA for repeated measurements was applied to compare distributions by years and macro-areas. RESULTS: Compared to 2019, in 2020 gastric cancer diagnoses decreased by 15.9%, CRC by 11.9% and pancreatic by 9.9%. CRC distributions showed significant differences between all years, stomach cancer between 2018 and 2020 and 2019-2020, and pancreatic cancer only between 2017 and 2019. The 2019-2020 comparison showed fewer CRC diagnoses in the North (-13.7%), Center (-16.5%) and South (-4.1%), fewer stomach cancers in the North (-19.0%) and South (-9.4%), and fewer pancreatic cancers in the North (-14.1%) and Center (-4.7%), with an increase in the South (+12.3%). Distributions of CRC and gastric cancer were significantly different between all years in the North. CONCLUSIONS: This survey highlights the concerning effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the diagnostic yield of gastroenterology services for stomach, colorectal and pancreatic cancers in Italy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Delivery of Health Care , Digestive System Neoplasms , Early Detection of Cancer , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Delivery of Health Care/organization & administration , Delivery of Health Care/trends , Diagnostic Techniques, Digestive System , Digestive System Neoplasms/diagnosis , Digestive System Neoplasms/epidemiology , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Early Detection of Cancer/trends , Gastroenterology/methods , Gastroenterology/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Infection Control/methods , Italy/epidemiology , Organizational Innovation , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Dig Liver Dis ; 52(8): 800-807, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-245607

ABSTRACT

The new corona virus disease has started in Wuhan - China at the end of 2019 and quickly spread with a pandemic trend across the rest of the world. The scientific community is making an extraordinary effort to study and control the situation, but the results are just partial. Based on the most recent scientific literature and strong statements by the most prestigious international health institutions, the Italian Society of Digestive Endoscopy has drawn up some recommendations about the use of personal protective equipment, the correct way of dressing and undressing of endoscopists and nurses, before and after digestive endoscopy procedures. In addition, some other important indications are given to reduce the risk of contamination of healthcare providers during endoscopic activities, in the setting of a pandemic. Nevertheless, because of the very quick evolution of our knowledge on this issue, these recommendations must be considered as evolving, because they could change in a short time.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Disease Transmission, Infectious/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Infection Control/standards , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Aerosols/adverse effects , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Health Personnel , Humans , Infection Control/methods , Italy , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Safety , Societies, Medical
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