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1.
J Hum Reprod Sci ; 14(4): 443-445, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1667500

ABSTRACT

Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI) or Diminished Ovarian Reserve (DOR) are the two conditions that affects women leading to infertility due to the lack of follicular growth and ovulation. Egg / Oocyte donation remains an option for these patients. However, with the development in Reproductive medicine various novel technologies like Ovarian Cryopreservation, Fragmentation, in vitro activation with drug treatment or even drug free autotransplantation enables the possibility of activating the pool of primordial follicles that can lead to successful pregnancy outcomes. Here, we report a case of women with POI, in which drug free in vitro activation of follicles was performed, followed by autotransplantation, which resulted in successful pregnancy. This is first case report from India that shows the procedure works and can be tried for women with POI.

2.
Eur Heart J ; 42(19): 1866-1878, 2021 05 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1087735

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Troponin elevation is common in hospitalized COVID-19 patients, but underlying aetiologies are ill-defined. We used multi-parametric cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) to assess myocardial injury in recovered COVID-19 patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and forty-eight patients (64 ± 12 years, 70% male) with severe COVID-19 infection [all requiring hospital admission, 48 (32%) requiring ventilatory support] and troponin elevation discharged from six hospitals underwent convalescent CMR (including adenosine stress perfusion if indicated) at median 68 days. Left ventricular (LV) function was normal in 89% (ejection fraction 67% ± 11%). Late gadolinium enhancement and/or ischaemia was found in 54% (80/148). This comprised myocarditis-like scar in 26% (39/148), infarction and/or ischaemia in 22% (32/148) and dual pathology in 6% (9/148). Myocarditis-like injury was limited to three or less myocardial segments in 88% (35/40) of cases with no associated LV dysfunction; of these, 30% had active myocarditis. Myocardial infarction was found in 19% (28/148) and inducible ischaemia in 26% (20/76) of those undergoing stress perfusion (including 7 with both infarction and ischaemia). Of patients with ischaemic injury pattern, 66% (27/41) had no past history of coronary disease. There was no evidence of diffuse fibrosis or oedema in the remote myocardium (T1: COVID-19 patients 1033 ± 41 ms vs. matched controls 1028 ± 35 ms; T2: COVID-19 46 ± 3 ms vs. matched controls 47 ± 3 ms). CONCLUSIONS: During convalescence after severe COVID-19 infection with troponin elevation, myocarditis-like injury can be encountered, with limited extent and minimal functional consequence. In a proportion of patients, there is evidence of possible ongoing localized inflammation. A quarter of patients had ischaemic heart disease, of which two-thirds had no previous history. Whether these observed findings represent pre-existing clinically silent disease or de novo COVID-19-related changes remain undetermined. Diffuse oedema or fibrosis was not detected.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Myocarditis , Contrast Media , Female , Gadolinium , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Male , Myocarditis/diagnostic imaging , Myocardium , Predictive Value of Tests , SARS-CoV-2 , Troponin , Ventricular Function, Left
3.
SSRN; 2020.
Preprint | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-1387

ABSTRACT

Background: Hospitalised COVID-19 patients frequently have acute myocardial injury with elevated troponin levels. Underlying aetiologies are ill-defined. We use

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