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Front Cardiovasc Med ; 10: 1133373, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2283820


Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia with increasing prevalence with respect to age and comorbidities. AF may influence the prognosis in patients hospitalized with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We aimed to assess the prevalence of AF among patients hospitalized due to COVID-19 and the association of AF and in-hospital anticoagulation treatment with prognosis. Methods and results: We assessed the prevalence of AF among patients hospitalized due to COVID-19 and the association of AF and in-hospital anticoagulation treatment with prognosis. Data of all COVID-19 patients hospitalized in the University Hospital in Krakow, Poland, between March 2020 and April 2021, were analyzed. The following outcomes: short-term (30-days since hospital admission) and long-term (180-days after hospital discharge) mortality, major cardiovascular events (MACEs), pulmonary embolism, and need for red blood cells (RBCs) transfusion, as a surrogate for major bleeding events during hospital stay were assessed. Out of 4,998 hospitalized patients, 609 had AF (535 pre-existing and 74 de novo). Compared to those without AF, patients with AF were older and had more cardiovascular disorders. In adjusted analysis, AF was independently associated with an increased risk of short-term {p = 0.019, Hazard Ratio [(HR)] 1.236; 95% CI: 1.035-1.476} and long-term mortality (Log-rank p < 0.001) as compared to patients without AF. The use of novel oral anticoagulants (NOAC) in AF patients was associated with reduced short-term mortality (HR 0.14; 95% CI: 0.06-0.33, p < 0.001). Moreover, in AF patients, NOAC use was associated with a lower probability of MACEs (Odds Ratio 0.3; 95% CI: 0.10-0.89, p = 0.030) without increase of RBCs transfusion. Conclusions: AF increases short- and long-term risk of death in patients hospitalized due to COVID-19. However, the use of NOACs in this group may profoundly improve prognosis.

Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 917250, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2065490


Background: The impact of COVID-19 on the outcome of patients with MI has not been studied widely. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between concomitant COVID-19 and the clinical course of patients admitted due to acute myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: There was a comparison of retrospective data between patients with MI who were qualified for coronary angiography with concomitant COVID-19 and control group of patients treated for MI in the preceding year before the onset of the pandemic. In-hospital clinical data and the incidence of death from any cause on 30 days were obtained. Results: Data of 39 MI patients with concomitant COVID-19 (COVID-19 MI) and 196 MI patients without COVID-19 in pre-pandemic era (non-COVID-19 MI) were assessed. Compared with non-COVID-19 MI, COVID-19 MI was in a more severe clinical state on admission (lower systolic blood pressure: 128.51 ± 19.76 vs. 141.11 ± 32.47 mmHg, p = 0.024), higher: respiratory rate [median (interquartile range), 16 (14-18) vs. 12 (12-14)/min, p < 0.001], GRACE score (178.50 ± 46.46 vs. 161.23 ± 49.74, p = 0.041), percentage of prolonged (>24 h) time since MI symptoms onset to coronary intervention (35.9 vs. 15.3%; p = 0.004), and cardiovascular drugs were prescribed less frequently (beta-blockers: 64.1 vs. 92.8%, p = 0.009), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers: 61.5 vs. 81.1%, p < 0.001, statins: 71.8 vs. 94.4%, p < 0.001). Concomitant COVID-19 was associated with seven-fold increased risk of 30-day mortality (HR 7.117; 95% CI: 2.79-18.14; p < 0.001). Conclusion: Patients admitted due to MI with COVID-19 have an increased 30-day mortality. Efforts should be focused on infection prevention and implementation of optimal management to improve the outcomes in those patients.

Pol Arch Intern Med ; 132(7-8)2022 08 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1836208


INTRODUCTION: High­sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT­ proBNP) are known markers of cardiac injury. However, their role in predicting the severity of COVID­19 remains to be investigated. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to analyze the association between hs­cTnT and NT-proBNP levels and in hospital mortality in patients with COVID­19, with emphasis on those with concomitant chronic heart failure (CHF). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 1729 consecutive patients with COVID­19 were enrolled. Demographic data, laboratory parameters, and clinical outcomes (discharge or death) were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the association between hs­cTnT and NT-proBNP values and the risk of death. RESULTS: Evaluation of hs­cTnT was performed in 1041 patients, while NT-proBNP was assessed in 715 individuals. CHF was present in 179 cases (10.4% of the cohort). Median values of hs­cTnT and NT-proBNP and in­hospital mortality were higher in CHF patients than in those without CHF. Among patients without CHF, mortality was the highest in those with hs­cTnT or NT-proBNP values in the fourth quartile. In ROC analysis, hs­cTnT equal to or above 142 ng/l and NT-proBNP equal to or above 969 pg/ml predicted in­hospital death. In patients without CHF, each 10-ng/l increase in hs-cTnT or 100-pg/ml increase in NT­proBNP was associated with a higher risk of death (odds ratio [OR], 1.01 and OR, 1.02, respectively; P <0.01 for both). CONCLUSION: The level of hs­cTnT or NT-proBNP predicts in hospital mortality in COVID-19 patients. Both hs­cTnT and NT-proBNP should be routinely measured on admission in all patients hospitalized due to COVID­19 for early detection of individuals with an increased risk of in hospital death, even if they do not have concomitant heart failure.

COVID-19 , Heart Failure , Biomarkers , Chronic Disease , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , ROC Curve