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1.
Critical Care Medicine ; 51(1 Supplement):25, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2190460

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Previous studies suggest that delayed initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is associated with higher patient mortality. Hence, we hypothesized that prolonged invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) prior to ECMO was associated with higher mortality in patients with COVID-19. METHOD(S): The COVID-19 Critical Care Consortium, a prospective international multicenter registry, was queried for all patients with COVID-19 infection who received IMV and ECMO. Patients who were intubated prior to transfer to a study site were excluded. The primary variable was number of days on IMV prior to ECMO initiation and study endpoint was death or discharge from the study site. Cox proportional hazards model for the time between ECMO initiation and death was built using covariates including age, gender, selected comorbidities, and time intervals from ICU admission to IMV and IMV to ECMO initiation. RESULT(S): Between 1/1/2020 and 6/6/2022, A total of 593 patients from 107 study sites and 25 countries were included in the analysis. In this cohort, the median age was 50 (Interquartile range [IQR]: 40-58) years. Obesity and hypertension were prevalent among 220 (38.4%) and 223 (38.8%) of the patients, respectively. Twenty-four (4.2%) patients had chronic pulmonary disease. Prior to ECMO initiation, patients spent a median of 3.68 (IQR: 1.36-8.07) days in the ICU and a median of 2.49 (IQR: 0.88-5.65) days on IMV. Overall mortality was 47.2% with 3.9% patients' status not finalized or unknown. According to the final survival model, the number of days on IMV prior to ECMO initiation was not associated with mortality. The hazard ratios for 0, 3, 7, and 14 days of pre-ECMO IMV were 0.94 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.83 to 1.07), 1.02 (95% CI: 0.97 to 1.08), 1.09 (95% CI: 0.92 to 1.3) and 1.09 (95% CI: 0.83 to 1.42), respectively. Other noticeable contributory factors in the model included age and gender. CONCLUSION(S): Among patients with COVID-19 who received ECMO, the length of pre-ECMO IMV was not associated with hospital mortality. Further studies evaluating the ventilator settings before and after ECMO initiation are needed.

2.
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis Conference ; 6(Supplement 1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2128072

ABSTRACT

Background: Hemorrhage, coagulopathy and thrombosis (HECTOR) are reported complications of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) however, more information is needed on the prevalence of these complications and their associated outcomes in intensive care unit (ICU) settings. Aim(s): To determine the prevalence and outcomes of HECTOR complications in ICU patients with COVID-19. Method(s): Observational cohort study spanning 229 ICUs across 32 countries. Patients >=16 years admitted for severe COVID-19 from 1st January 2020, through 31st December 2021 were included. Patient characteristics and clinical data were collected. Survival analysis estimated the instantaneous impact of HECTOR complications on ICU-mortality and discharge. Result(s): HECTOR complications occurred in 1,735 (14%) of 11,972 study-eligible patients. Acute thrombosis occurred in 1,249 (10%) patients, including 712 (57%) with pulmonary embolism, 413 (33%) with myocardial infarction, 93 (7.4%) with deep vein thrombosis, and 49 (3.9%) with ischemic stroke. Hemorrhagic complications were reported in 582 (4.9%) patients, including 276 (48%) with gastrointestinal hemorrhage, 83 (14%) with hemorrhagic stroke, and 77 (13%) with pulmonary hemorrhage. Disseminated intravascular coagulation occurred in 11 (0.09%) patients. Univariate analysis identified diabetes, hypertension, cardiac and kidney disease and ECMO as statistically-significant risk factors for HECTOR complications. Patients with versus without HECTOR complications suffered higher ICU-mortality at 28 days (25%vs.13%, p < 0.001), 90 days (32%vs.15%, p < 0.0001) and overall (44%vs.36%, p < 0.001). Among ICU survivors, the ICU stay was longer (median days 19vs.12, p < 0.001). ICU mortality was similar between patients with and without HECTOR complications (HR = 1.01, 95%CI 0.92-1.12, p = 0.783) where an increased hazard of ICU mortality with hemorrhage (HR = 1.26, 1.09-1.45, p = 0.002) was balanced by a reduced hazard of thrombosis (HR = 0.88, 0.79-0.99, p = 0.03). Kaplan-Meier curves are presented in the Figure. Conclusion(s): HECTOR events are frequent complications of severe COVID-19 in ICU patients. Hemorrhagic, but not thrombotic complications are associated with increased ICU-mortality.

3.
ASAIO Journal ; 68:63, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032181

ABSTRACT

Background: In patients with COVID-19 and respiratory failure, class 3 obesity (body mass index > 40 kg/m2) has been associated with worse survival. Obese patients on mechanical ventilation with progressively more severe acute respiratory syndrome (ARDS) may be offered venovenous (VV) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy. The impact of morbid obesity on the outcome of COVID-19 patients supported with VV ECMO has been underexplored. Methods: This is a multicenter, retrospective observational cohort analysis of critically ill adults with COVID-19 ARDS requiring advanced mechanical ventilation with or without VV ECMO. Data was collected from 236 international institutions forming the COVID-19 Critical Care Consortium international registry. Patients were admitted between January 2020 to December 2021. Included patients were stratified by ECMO status and a BMI threshold at 40 kg/m2. Median values with interquartile range (IQR) were used to summarize continuous variables and multi-state analysis was used to explore the effect of Class 3 obesity on the study endpoints of patient survival to discharge or death. Results: Complete data was available on 8851 of 9059 patients on mechanical ventilation, of which 767 patients required VV ECMO. For the entire study group, older age and male gender were associated with an increased risk of death. The demographics and comorbidities of the higher BMI (H >40 kg/m2) and lower BMI (L ≤40 kg/m2) cohorts were similar with the exception of age and weight. Patients with a higher BMI were younger. The median age of the H, non-ECMO cohort was 56 years (46-64), and the H, ECMO cohort was 41 years (35-51) versus the L, non-ECMO cohort of 64 years(55-71), and the L, ECMO cohort of 53years (45-60). Patients requiring VV ECMO had higher SOFA scores, experienced longer ICU and hospital lengths of stay, and a longer duration of total mechanical ventilation. Table The median time to intubation was longer in the mechanical ventilation only group (2 versus 0 days). Predictors for requiring ECMO included younger age, higher BMI and male gender. Risk factors for death included advancing age (every 10 years), male gender and increasing BMI (every 5kg/m2). The association between BMI and a higher rate of death was reduced in the mechanical ventilation only group (HR 0.92, 95% confidence interval 0.85 to 0.99). Conclusion: In patients with severe ARDS due to COVID-19 requiring mechanical ventilation, the likelihood of progressing to VV ECMO therapy or experiencing death is impacted by age, gender and higher BMI. The cohort of COVID-19 patients that ultimately required ECMO appear to be sicker at time hospital admission owing to the shorter time until mechanical ventilation. It appears the association between increasing BMI and death differs among the ECMO and mechanical ventilation alone cohorts. We would advocate for a prospective study to determine the benefit of VVECMO for the obese patient requiring VV-ECMO for COVID-19 ARDS. (Figure Presented).

4.
Perfusion ; 36(1 SUPPL):26, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1264079

ABSTRACT

Objective: Prone positioning for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is associated with improved outcome. It is unclear whether prone positioning during Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) has survival benefit. The study investigated the impact of prone positioning on survival during VV ECMO support for COVID-19 acute respiratory failure. Methods: An observational analysis of VV ECMO patients using the COVID-19 Critical Care Consortium (COVID Critical) international registry. We used a multi-state survival model to compare the outcomes of patients treated with or without prone positioning during ECMO. Results: There were 213 COVID-19 patients at 67 participating institutions who were supported with VV ECMO from February 19, 2020, to October 31, 2020. Proning was used in 160 patients (75%) before initiation of ECMO and in 67 patients (31%) during ECMO. Prone positioning during ECMO support was associated with reduced mortality (hazard ratio 0.33, 95% CI, 0.15 to 0.73). Conclusions: Our study highlights that prone-positioning during VV ECMO support for refractory COVID- 19-related ARDS is associated with reduced mortality. Given our observational study design, a randomized controlled trial of prone positioning on VV ECMO is needed to confirm these findings.

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