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Pathog Glob Health ; : 1-9, 2022 Nov 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2134535


The suppressor of the cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS1) gene is a short sequence located on chromosome 16 that functions to induce an appropriate immune response and is an essential physiological regulator of interferon (IFN) signaling. In addition to comparing the global DNA and SOCS1 gene promoter methylation status between our patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and healthy controls, this study demonstrates the effect of the SOCS1 rs33989964 polymorphism on patients with COVID-19. The study group included 139 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in our hospital's clinics between June and December 2020, and the control group included 78 healthy individuals. After comparing the initial gene polymorphisms of the patients with the healthy control group, three separate clinical subgroups were formed. The gene polymorphism distribution and the methylation status of SOCS1 were examined in these clinical subgroups. Hypomethylation of the SOCS1 gene was observed in the COVID-19 patient group compared to the healthy control group (p = 0.001). Between the patients divided into two separate clinical subgroups, those with severe and mild infections, the Del/Del genotype of the SOCS1 gene was more common in patients with severe infection than in patients with mild infection (p = 0.018). Patients with the CA/CA and CA/Del genotypes were 0.201 times more likely to have a severe infection (95% CI: 0.057-0.716, p = 0.007). Having a non-Del/Del genotype was a protective factor against severe infection. The effect of the SOCS1 rs33989964 polymorphism and methylation status of the SOCS1 gene throughout the COVID-19 pandemic could be significant contributions to the literature.

Pathog Glob Health ; 116(3): 178-184, 2022 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1437790


For COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease-2019) cases, detecting host-based factors that predispose to infection is a very important research area. In this study, the aim is to investigate the MBL2 and NOS3 gene polymorphisms in COVID-19 patients with lung involvement, whose first nasopharyngeal PCR results were negative. Seventy-nine patients diagnosed with COVID-19 between April-June 2020 who were admitted to a university hospital, and 100 healthy controls were included. In the first statistical analysis performed between PCR-positive, CT-negative and PCR-negative, CT-positive patients; the AB of MBL2 genotype was significantly higher in the first group (p = 0.049). The B allele was also significantly higher in the same subgroup (p = 0.001). The absence of the AB genotype was found to increase the risk of CT positivity by 6.9 times. The AB genotype of MBL2 was higher in healthy controls (p = 0.006). The absence of the AB genotype was found to increase the risk of CT positivity; also, it can be used for early detection and isolation of patients with typical lung involvement who had enough viral loads, but whose initial PCR results were negative.

COVID-19 , Mannose-Binding Lectin , COVID-19/diagnosis , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Mannose-Binding Lectin/genetics , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods