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1.
Glob Med Genet ; 9(2): 185-188, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1886253

ABSTRACT

Mannose-binding lectin 2 (MBL2) is a serine protease which is believed to be an important factor in the inherited immune system. In this article, we present a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) family of five patients: a 56-year-old father, a 51-year-old mother, two sons aged 23 and 21 years, and a 15-year-old daughter. According to the results of MBL2 rs1800450 variant analysis performed, the father had homozygous mutant, the mother had homozygous normal, and the three children had heterozygous mutant genotype. When we compared the clinical parameters and genotypes, MBL2 gene polymorphism plays a very important role in COVID-19 susceptibility and severe disease. The family, which makes up our study, is the proof of this situation, and it contains important implications for host factors and COVID-19.

2.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(6): 1075-1080, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1482282

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Corona Virus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) has been among the major infectious events of the century. In today's literature where COVID-19 and host factor effects are frequently examined, we aimed to examine another factor: Circadian Clock Protein PERIOD 3 (PER3). There is a significant correlation between PER3 gene polymorphism and circadian rhythm disturbances and immune system dysregulation. METHODS: In our study, we recruited 200 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in our hospital between April-June 2020, and 100 volunteers without known comorbidities to create a healthy control group. After comparing the initial gene polymorphisms of the patients with healthy controls, three separate clinical subgroups were formed. Gene polymorphism distribution and statistical significance were examined in the formed patient groups. RESULTS: No significant difference was found between the patient group and the healthy controls (P>0.05, for all). When patients were divided into two separate clinical subgroups as exitus/alive according to their last condition during their 28-day follow-up, the 4R/5R genotype was significantly more common in patients with a mortal course (P=0.007). The PER3 4R/5R genotype was found at a significantly higher rate in the group of patients with the need for intensive care (P=0.034). CONCLUSION: The 4R/5R genotype may be associated with the need for intensive care and mortality in COVID-19 patients. These important results will be a guide for future studies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/genetics , Pandemics , Period Circadian Proteins/genetics , SARS-CoV-2 , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Female , Genotype , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Minisatellite Repeats , Patient Acuity , Polymorphism, Genetic , Turkey/epidemiology , Young Adult
3.
Pathog Glob Health ; 116(3): 178-184, 2022 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1437790

ABSTRACT

For COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease-2019) cases, detecting host-based factors that predispose to infection is a very important research area. In this study, the aim is to investigate the MBL2 and NOS3 gene polymorphisms in COVID-19 patients with lung involvement, whose first nasopharyngeal PCR results were negative. Seventy-nine patients diagnosed with COVID-19 between April-June 2020 who were admitted to a university hospital, and 100 healthy controls were included. In the first statistical analysis performed between PCR-positive, CT-negative and PCR-negative, CT-positive patients; the AB of MBL2 genotype was significantly higher in the first group (p = 0.049). The B allele was also significantly higher in the same subgroup (p = 0.001). The absence of the AB genotype was found to increase the risk of CT positivity by 6.9 times. The AB genotype of MBL2 was higher in healthy controls (p = 0.006). The absence of the AB genotype was found to increase the risk of CT positivity; also, it can be used for early detection and isolation of patients with typical lung involvement who had enough viral loads, but whose initial PCR results were negative.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Mannose-Binding Lectin , COVID-19/diagnosis , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Mannose-Binding Lectin/genetics , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods
4.
Infect Genet Evol ; 89: 104717, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1051857

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: COVID-19 followed a mortal course in some young patients without any underlying factors, however, it followed a very benign course in some very older individuals with multiple comorbidities. These observations question if some genetic factors may be related to the vulnerability and poor prognosis of the disease. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether MBL2 gene B variant at codon 54 (rs1800450) were related to the variabilities in clinical course of this infection. METHODS: 284 PCR-confirmed COVID-19 patients and 100 healthy controls were included in the study. COVID-19 patients were subdivided according to the clinical features and clinical characteristics were analyzed. DNAs of all patients and controls were examined for the codon 54 A/B (gly54asp: rs1800450) variation in exon 1 of the MBL2 gene. RESULTS: In univariate analysis, BB genotype of MBL2 gene was more common among COVID-19 cases compared with controls (10.9% vs 1.0%, respectively; OR = 12.1, 95%CI = 1.6-90.1, p = 0.001). Multivariate analyses, adjusted for age, sex and MBL genetic variants, revealed that when compared with the COVID-19 patients that had AA genotype (reference), the patients that had BB or AB genotypes suffered from a higher risk for severe disease (for BB genotype, odds ratio (OR) = 5.3, p < 0.001; for AB genotype, OR = 2.9, p = 0.001) and for ICU need (for BB genotype, OR = 19.6, p < 0.001; for AB genotype, OR = 6.9, p = 0.001). On the other hand, there was not any significant difference between the genotype variants in terms of mortality at 28 days or development of secondary bacterial infection. CONCLUSION: The B variants of MBL2 gene at codon 54, which were associated with lower MBL2 levels, were related to a higher risk for a more severe clinical course of COVID-19 infection in some respects. Our findings may have potential future implications, e.g. for use of MBL protein as potential therapeutics or prioritize the individuals with B variants during vaccination strategies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/genetics , COVID-19/pathology , Mannose-Binding Lectin/genetics , Mutation, Missense , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/virology , Case-Control Studies , Comorbidity , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Male , Mannose-Binding Lectin/metabolism , Middle Aged , Protein Interaction Maps , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Severity of Illness Index , Young Adult
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