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1.
Cadernos de Saude Publica ; 36(12), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1883749
2.
Revista Espanola de Salud Publica ; 94(e202006067), 2020.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1870954

ABSTRACT

Background: In times of pandemic, case management and tracking people with contact can be differential elements for controlling the spread. The objective of this review was to evaluate the digital tools used to track contacts of people infected with SARS-CoV-2.

3.
Revista Espanola de Salud Publica ; 94(e202007088), 2020.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1870953

ABSTRACT

Background: In times of this global pandemic situation, population's mental health is compromised, especially in those groups that are at the forefront of defense against the virus such as healthcare professionals. The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak on healthcare professionals' mental health.

4.
Hematology, Transfusion and Cell Therapy ; 43:S490, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1859694

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Analisar quais os principais motivos de exclusão de triagem dos possíveis doadores de sangue. Material e métodos: Trata-se de um estudo observacional e retrospectivo, de abordagem quantitativa e qualitativa. As informações foram extraídas da base de dados da Associação Beneficente de Coleta de Sangue (COLSAN). Foram acessados e tabulados os dados da quantidade total de candidatos à doação de sangue, quantidade de candidatos aptos, quantidade de candidatos inaptos e motivo da inaptidão entre os anos de 2016 e 2020 das diversas unidades de coleta. Não houve a necessidade de procedimentos éticos em pesquisa, pois não envolveu diretamente seres humanos, tratando-se de estudo secundário. Resultados: Foram relatados 723.808 candidatos à doação de sangue no período de 2016 a 2020, sendo que 97.166 (12,74%) foram bloqueados durante a triagem. As principais causas para a inaptidão foram hematócrito/hemoglobina baixos (11,29%), uso de medicamentos contraindicados para a doação de sangue (10,88%), tatuagem/acupuntura/perfuração do lobo da orelha recente (10,27%), cirurgia recente (8,05%) e infecção/febre (7,38%). Discussão: Entre 2016 e 2020, 762.808 candidatos à doação de sangue foram entrevistados e triados, sendo o ano de 2019 com maior número de candidatos e 2020 com menor número de candidatos (já que a pandemia da Covid-19 afetou o fluxo de doação). As causas de exclusão se reptem durante os anos analisados, como hemoglobina baixa, uso de medicamentos contraindicados para doação, tatuagem/acupuntura ou perfuração de lobo da orelha recente, cirurgia recente, infecção ou febre no momento da triagem, relação sexual de risco e vacinação recente. Estas são as principais causas de exclusão durante os anos analisados totalizando aproximadamente 59% de todas as exclusões. A pesquisa da hemoglobina e do hematócrito se tornou requisito obrigatório para a doação de sangue desde a aprovação pela legislação do MERCOSUL. Comumente, o que impede a doação de sangue não é o uso do medicamento, mas a patologia associada à medicação do doador. O motivo pelo qual o terceiro é um impeditivo temporário para a doação de sangue é o uso de agulhas sem poder comprovar que as mesmas estavam assépticas, classificando o candidato em situação de risco para contaminação por vírus, devendo esperar um ano após o procedimento para doar. Cirurgia recente é um obstáculo para doação pelo tempo necessário do organismo do doador de completa recuperação. Já o candidato que apresentar febre, resfriado, dor de garganta ou qualquer indicativo de infecção na última semana está impedido de doar sangue até duas semanas após o término do tratamento por causa do risco de viremia e bacteremia que podem contaminar o hemocomponente a ser doado. A exclusão por atividade sexual de risco está relacionada ao risco de contração de infecções sexualmente transmissíveis. A vacinação recente é o critério de exclusão que deu um salto de incidência entre os anos de 2017, o que impede a doação são: interferências no resultado das sorologias por reação cruzada e a circulação do microorganismo da vacina que permanece no doador por um tempo, mesmo que atenuado. Conclusão: Os principais critérios de exclusão, portanto, são causas temporárias, relacionadas com o estado do doador.

5.
Western Journal of Emergency Medicine ; 23(1.1):S65, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1743935

ABSTRACT

Learning Objectives: Through a virtual elective 1. Provide a remote virtual education opportunity for EM bound students during times of disruption 2. Demonstrate our academic mission, program strengths, and introduce a variety of faculty to prospective applicants 3.Recruit high-quality EM bound applicants : Background: Emergency Medicine (EM) applicants and residencies benefit from away rotations by giving applicants exposure to different program leadership, diverse clinical environments, and providing programs face-time with qualified interested applicants. COVID has suspended this practice. Through a virtual elective, we were able to convey our academic mission and cultivate an interest in our program for interview season. Educational Objectives: 1.Provide a remote virtual education opportunity for EM bound students during times of disrupted clinical exposure 2.Demonstrate our academic mission, program strengths, and introduce a variety of faculty to prospective applicants 3.Recruit high-quality EM bound applicants Curricular Design: We met the disruption with a virtual 1-week clerkship designed as an away elective for visiting students. The content was developed based on feedback from institutional education experts and a literature review of the implementation of a virtual classroom. Each day consisted of small group case-based didactics, virtual hands-on learning, digital hands-on simulation, and social interaction with program leadership. To encourage active participation and add variety to the virtual format, a “care-package” with materials to perform an at-home splinting lab was mailed to students. In addition, students were encouraged to forage for wound care and splinting materials in their own homes to improvise with during a wilderness medicine session. To foster a sense of community and simulate in-person interpersonal interactions we dedicated 3 hours to meet with the chief residents and Program Director. Impact: We accepted four students into the elective, all interested, and all applied for an interview. Despite the lack of contact in the clinical setting, this proved to be a worthwhile educational experience for the students and has the potential to be an alternative recruitment tool during an era where social distancing is imperative.

7.
EuropePMC;
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-326348

ABSTRACT

Beginning in April 2020, we gathered partial county-level data on non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) implemented in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, using both volunteer and paid crowdsourcing. In this report, we document the data collection process and summarize our results, to increase the utility of our open data and inform the design of future rapid crowdsourcing data collection efforts.

8.
18thLatin American Robotics Symposium, 13th Brazilian Symposium on Robotics, and 12th Workshop on Robotics in Education, LARS-SBR-WRE 2021 ; : 371-376, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1672824

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, several challenges appeared before everyone. One of the biggest impacts that were observed was on education as a whole. The need for social distance and remote classes directly impacted teaching. Especially in matters of technology there were some more difficulties that needed to be overcome. In this article we will see an experience of how to teach robotics remotely at the IFSP/RGT in an accessible way to students and as a motivating tool during the period of remote classes. © 2021 IEEE.

9.
4th International Conference on Statistics, Mathematics, Teaching, and Research, ICSMTR 2021 ; 2123, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1624733

ABSTRACT

Technology integration is one of the abilities teachers need to support teaching and learning activities and direct students to deep learning. Choosing a learning media based on technology is more difficult in statistics lesson. This study aimed to analysis the ability of teachers in integrating technology during the coronavirus pandemic using the SAMR model. This research used a qualitative method, this research data was in the form of information on what technology was used and how the teacher integrated technology during the coronavirus pandemic. Data was collected by means of observation and interviewing 2 Guangxi Normal University students who took this course. The results showed that the ability of teachers to integrate technology in statistics lesson during coronavirus pandemic was at every SAMR level. This study proves that the coronavirus pandemic has a positive impact on teachers' ability to integrate technology. © 2021 Institute of Physics Publishing. All rights reserved.

10.
European neuropsychopharmacology : the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology ; 53:S370-S370, 2021.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1602605
11.
European Neuropsychopharmacology ; 53:S370, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1598990

ABSTRACT

Background: For some children and adolescents, the deaths related to COVID-19 are their first experience with death. And the loss of a loved one during this pandemic comes with extra-challenges such as COVID-19 death characteristics (e.g., intensive care admission, unexpected death, impossibility to visit the hospitals) and circumstances (e.g., secondary stressors, social isolation, deprivation of many funeral rites). This may precipitate a worldwide increase of prolonged grief disorder and persistent complex bereavement disorder. And children may in fact be at a higher risk for mental health effects, given their limited capacity to understand their surroundings, cope with stressors, and control their environments. Methods: Bibliographic research in English, in the platforms PubMed, Web of science and Science Direct with the following search strategy: (mourning OR grieving OR grief OR bereavement) AND (Covid-19 OR coronavirus) AND (children OR adolescent). The studies where selected based on their relevance and the results are presented in a narrative form. Results: We retrieved 385 articles after excluding duplicates. After evaluating the title and s we included 10 articles in this review, including 2 case reports. No systematic reviews were retrieved. Victims of the virus will likely leave behind a large number of grieving children and grandchildren, with rates of 2.2 children and 4.1 grandchildren bereaved for each person who dies. In usual circumstances, bereavement would result in mental health conditions for only a minority of this group. The particular circumstances associated with COVID-19 deaths may constitute a significant risk factor for children's grief process, as research shows that unexpected and sudden losses or multiples deaths in the family are particularly impactful. Of central concern is the transformation of normal grief and distress into prolonged grief and persistent complex bereavement. A mediating factor in this type of reaction in young people is the lack of social support at the time of loss, which may be intensified due to current social limitations and exhaustion of emotional resources in the caregivers (e.g., parents). This pandemic has accelerated many of the risk factors for complicated grieve. Social isolation has become a global policy, collective structures for grieving have been difficult or impossible to access, young people have been forced to say goodbye to loved ones via electronic devices. Pre-Covid, research had established that young people from disadvantaged backgrounds were more likely to lose a parent early in life and to suffer from complicated grieve due to fewer opportunities to bounce back. Covid-19 has impacted disadvantaged communities significantly and consequently, a significantly elevated risk of complicated grieve for young people from disadvantaged backgrounds is expected. Conclusions: It is likely that the effects of COVID-19 deaths on children´s and adolescents mental health will be profound. And given the traumatic and unexpected nature of Covid-19 deaths, we may see a rise in the numbers of complicated grieve. Future research in this area is needed and should include observational and epidemiologic studies as well as a literature review on complicated grieve and young people during and in the aftermath of this pandemic. No conflict of interest

13.
British Journal of Surgery ; 108:1, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1585054
14.
Revista Perspectiva Empresarial ; 8(2):104-121, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1579678

ABSTRACT

Human capital is a determining factor in companies;however, the global economic and social crisis caused by the coronavirus outbreak has had a significant impact due to high unemployment rates.Objective.To describe the effects of COVID-19 on human capital in micro enterprises during the social and economic emergency. Methodology.The methodology is based on a review of publications in the Scopus database using the VOSviewer software and a contrast with reports generated by control bodies in Colombia. Results. The findings reveal the major issues confronting human capital on a global scale, such as the high unemployment rates that increased suicide rates, firms' economic recessions, worker mental health issues, and the economic consequences of the cessation of activities. Conclusions. It is determined that the effects of job losses were highest in certain activities such as passenger transport and tourism services.

15.
Surgery, Gastroenterology and Oncology ; 26(3):172-176, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1503026

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic created an enormous burden on global health systems by decreasing health care access and delaying care. Acute appendicitis (AA) is one of the most common surgical emergencies worldwide. Our goal was to determine if patients treated for AA during the pandemic period had more morbidity. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted including patients with AA, from a two-months period in 2020 and a control group from a homologous period in 2019. These groups were compared regarding demographics, surgical findings, surgical and postoperative complications. Results: 68 patients were diagnosed with AA (34 - 2020 and 34 - 2019). In 2020, 2 patients were conservatively treated and 32 underwent surgical appendectomy (2 open surgery - OS and 30 laparoscopic surgery - LPS). In 2019, 1 patient had OS and 33 had LPS. No prior demographic and discharge times were observed. An increase in time until surgery and in number of complications was observed. Conclusion: There were no differences in the total number of AA, however the increased time until surgery can be attributed to the time spent waiting for SARS-CoV test results. The similar discharge time but increased number of complications could be explained by delayed presentation to the emergencies room. © 2021 Celsius Publishing House. All rights reserved.

17.
Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology ; 58(S1):231, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1465824
18.
European Psychiatry ; 64:S267-S267, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1435404
19.
Revista Gaucha de Enfermagem ; 42(spe):e20200167, 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1410820

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To unveil the content of comments in official posts calling from the Ministry of Helth, calling for health professionals to confront COVID-19. METHOD: Qualitative study, carried out with 2823 comments, obtained from the virtual access to the Ministry of Health's social networks on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. For textual corpus processing, used or software Interface R analyzes Multidimensional Texts and Questionnaires and performs a multivariate analysis by Descending Hierarchical Classification. RESULTS: Five categories were included: "difficulties in the training stages", "aspects involved in the summons", "working conditions without facing the pandemic", "mandatory capacity x possible summons", "visibility and valorization of dentistry in combating the pandemic" COVID-19". CONCLUSION: Comments contemplated professionals or access to training, remuneration and working conditions, mandatory training, possibility of calling for action on the front line without fighting COVID-19 and claiming greater appreciation of dentistry.

20.
HemaSphere ; 5(SUPPL 2):378-379, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1393418

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic had a high burden in Brazil. To date, data on mortality and prognostic factors of COVID-19 infection in Brazilian patients with hematological disorders are scarce. Aims: To describe the characteristics and outcomes of patients with hematological disorders admitted to the hematological COVID care unit of a reference center in Brazil;to analyze the impact of prognostic factors on in-hospital mortality. Methods: This prospective, single-center study,included 118 patients who have been admitted to the hematological COVID care unit of the Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da USP, S.o Paulo, Brazil, from March to September 2020.All patients had >18 years,an underlying hematological disease and a moderate or severe COVID- 19 infection.For analyses, patients were grouped in:(1)benign or no oncological treatment(n=43),(2) intensive chemotherapy,including induction protocols for acute leukemia and stem cell transplantation conditioning(n=44) or(3) intermediate chemotherapy,including lymphoma regimens,myeloma triple treatment or continuous treatment( n=31).The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality;secondary outcome was overall survival after admission in the COVID-19 unit.Univariate analysis(UVA) used odds ratio(OR) for baseline characteristics and ROC curve analysis for laboratory tests collected at admission.Multivariate analyses(MVA) were adjusted by age and hematological disease status group.The median follow-up and survival time after COVID-19-unit admission were estimated by Kaplan- Meier method.All statistical tests were two-sided;p-values<0.05 were considered significant. Results: Median age was 58(19-90) years and 55% of patients were male. Most patients(83%)had hematological malignancies,- mainly non-Hodgkin lymphoma(29%) and multiple myeloma(19%). The most frequent benign disease was sickle cell disease(5%).12 patients had undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT),4 allogeneic and 8 autologous.70% had at least one comorbidity, mostly arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Thromboembolic events occurred in 9%. Median hospital stay in the COVID-19 unit was 12(1-63) days;54% needed intensive care and 41% mechanical ventilation.In-hospital mortality rate was 41%[95%CI 32-50];most deaths occurred in patients with malignancies. Median follow-up was 73(95%CI 61-81) and 54(95%CI 39-66) days after admission and discharge from the COVID-19 unit, respectively.UVA showed a risk of death increased by 25% every 10 years old.The risk of in-hospital death was 3-fold and 5-fold higher in groups 2 and 3 compared with group 1.MVA showed higher risk of death in patients from group 2(OR=11.1,95% CI 2.9- 54.8) or group 3(OR=9.7,95%CI 2.4-47.5]),who had lactate dehydrogenase( LDH)>440 U/L(OR=16.8,95%CI 4.9-71.8),C-reactive protein(CRP)>100 mg/L(OR=4.1,95%CI 1.4-13.6) or platelet count<150x10e9/L(OR=3.7,95%CI 1.3-11.7), regardless of age(OR=1.2,95%CI 1.0-1.5).79% of in-hospital deaths were from COVID-19;others were mainly due to hematological disease.The overall median survival time after admission was 92 days(95% CI 34-NA) and the 75-day survival probability was 51%(95%CI 41-60).25% of patients had hospital readmission,mostly due to other infections. Summary/Conclusion: In line with other reports,patients with hematological diseases are at higher risk of mortality from COVID-19 infection, particularly in low and middle income countries.In our cohort, prognostic factors were status of disease,platelets count,LDH and CRP. These findings might help risk stratification and prioritization of vaccines in this setting.

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