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1.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-305245

ABSTRACT

Background: The impact of COVID-19 triggered an unparalleled effort towards the development of a vaccine given that vaccination is currently the most important strategy available for controlling the pandemic. Achieving high levels of vaccination coverage is key to this approach, and requires knowledge of user satisfaction levels. Thus, the objective of this work was to determine the levels of satisfaction with the COVID-19 vaccination program among vaccinated school workers.MethodsThis was a cross-sectional study which included the staff from educational centres invited for vaccination over 4 days at the Hospital General University Hospital of Alicante. The survey included sociodemographic variables, 13 questions on satisfaction with the vaccination program, and one open question for further suggestions. Satisfaction was calculated globally for each question and specifically by employing Student t -tests;the association between each variable and a high level of satisfaction was analysed with Chi-squared tests. Results Of 9,869 professionals invited, 9,261 attended the appointment;5,756 were offered the possibility of participating in this survey and 2,989 (51.9%) accepted. The highest overall scores were assigned to the treatment patients received at the ‘registration point’ and the care they received from nurses during the vaccination. The aspect for which the lowest levels of satisfaction were registered was for the information received prior to vaccination. Sex and place of work were significantly associated with a high degree of satisfaction.Conclusions Understanding people’s perception of vaccination programs is essential to implementing improvements and to increase vaccination coverage. The level of satisfaction among school personnel was remarkably high, especially in relation to the treatment and attention they received at different points during the vaccination care circuit.

2.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-311599

ABSTRACT

Background: Anecdotal evidence suggests that community infection control measures during the COVID-19 outbreak have modified the number and natural history of acute surgical inflammatory processes (ASIP - appendicitis, cholecystitis, diverticulitis and perianal abscesses) admissions. This study aims to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the presentation and treatment ASIP and quantify the effect of COVID-19 infection on the outcomes of ASIP patients. Methods: This was a multicentre, comparative study, whereby ASIP cases from March 14th to May 2nd 2019 acted as historical controls for the cohort of patients with the same pathology during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data regarding patient and disease characteristics as well as outcomes, were collected from sixteen centres in Madrid, and one in Seville (Spain). Results: The number of patients treated for ASIP in 2019 was 822 compared to 521 in 2020. This reduction occurs mainly in patients with mild cases, while the number of severe cases was similar. Conclusions: The number of ASIP cases treated during the pandemic was reduced by more than one third mainly due to a dramatic reduction in mild cases. This also has represented a selection of severe cases. We also found a more conservative approach to the patients this year, non-justified by clinical circumstances.The positive COVID-19 status itself did not have a direct impact on either morbidity or mortality. This is an interesting finding which if confirmed through future research with a larger sample size of COVID-19 positive patients, can expedite the recovery phase of acute surgical services.

3.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(2): e30598, 2022 02 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1631876

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 forced the implementation of restrictive measures in Spain, such as lockdown, home confinement, social distancing, and isolation. It is necessary to study whether limited access to basic services and decreased family and social support could have deleterious effects on cognition, quality of life, and mental health in vulnerable older people. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on cognition in older adults with mild cognitive impairment or dementia as the main outcome and the quality of life, perceived health status, and depression as secondary outcomes and to analyze the association of living alone and a change in living arrangements with those outcomes and other variables related with the use of technology and health services. Likewise, this study aims to analyze the association of high and low technophilia with those variables, to explore the access and use of health care and social support services, and, finally, to explore the informative-, cognitive-, entertainment-, and socialization-related uses of information and communications technologies (ICTs) during the COVID-19 outbreak. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted in Málaga (Spain). In total, 151 participants with mild cognitive impairment or mild dementia, from the SMART4MD (n=75, 49.7%) and TV-AssistDem (n=76, 50.3%) randomized clinical trials, were interviewed by telephone between May 11 and June 26, 2020. All participants had undergone 1-3 assessments (in 6-month intervals) on cognition, quality of life, and mood prior to the COVID-19 breakout. RESULTS: The outbreak did not significantly impact the cognition, quality of life, and mood of our study population when making comparisons with baseline assessments prior to the outbreak. Perceived stress was reported as moderate during the outbreak. After correction for multiple comparisons, living alone, a change in living arrangements, and technophilia were not associated with negative mental health outcomes. However, being alone was nominally associated with self-perceived fear and depression, and higher technophilia with better quality of life, less boredom, perceived stress and depression, and also less calmness. Overall, health care and social support service access and utilization were high. The most used ICTs during the COVID-19 outbreak were the television for informative, cognitive, and entertainment-related uses and the smartphone for socialization. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that the first months of the outbreak did not significantly impact the cognition, quality of life, perceived health status, and depression of our study population when making comparisons with baseline assessments prior to the outbreak. Living alone and low technophilia require further research to establish whether they are risk factors of mental health problems during lockdowns in vulnerable populations. Moreover, although ICTs have proven to be useful for informative-, cognitive-, entertainment-, and socialization-related uses during the pandemic, more evidence is needed to support these interventions. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04385797; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04385797. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): RR2-10.2196/26431.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Mental Health , Aged , Cognition , Cohort Studies , Communicable Disease Control , Humans , Quality of Life/psychology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Technology
4.
Gac Sanit ; 2021 Nov 26.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1599740

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of the vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 (BNT162b2) in healthcare personnel of a health department. METHOD: Test-negative case̶control study. Healthcare personnel with suspected COVID-19 and healthcare personnel close contacts of COVID-19 cases were included between January 27th and June 6th, 2021. They were PCR tested for SARS-CoV-2; those with positive PCR were considered cases and those with negative PCR were considered controls. The adjusted vaccine effectiveness (aVE) to prevent COVID-19 cases and their 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were calculated using the formula VE=(1-odds ratio)×100. RESULTS: 624 healthcare personnel were included, of which 43 (6.9%) were considered cases and 581 (93.8%) controls. The aVE of the complete regimen was 96.3% (95%CI: 82.5̶99.2). The aVE of the incomplete pattern was 68.0% (95%CI: 30.0̶85.4). CONCLUSIONS: The administration of the complete pattern of BNT162b2 vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 is effective for the prevention of cases of COVID-19 in healthcare personnel.

5.
Gaceta sanitaria ; 2021.
Article in Spanish | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1543373

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Conocer la efectividad de la vacuna BNT162b2 en personal sanitario de un departamento de salud. Método: Estudio de casos y controles con prueba negativa. Se incluyó personal sanitario con sospecha de COVID-19 y personal sanitario que fue contacto estrecho de casos de COVID-19 entre el 25 de enero y el 6 de junio de 2021. Se les realizó prueba de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) para SARS-CoV-2;aquellos con PCR positiva fueron considerados casos y aquellos con PCR negativa fueron considerados controles. Se calculó la efectividad vacunal ajustada (EVa) para prevenir casos de COVID-19 y su intervalo de confianza del 95% (IC95%), mediante la fórmula EV = (1 − odds ratio) × 100. Resultados: Se incluyeron 624 profesionales sanitarios;de ellos, 43 (6,9%) casos y 581 (93,1%) controles. La EVa de la pauta completa fue del 96,3% (IC95%: 82,5-99,2) y la de la pauta incompleta del 68,0% (IC95%: 30,0-85,4). Conclusiones: La administración de la pauta completa de vacuna es efectiva para la prevención de casos de COVID-19 en el personal sanitario.

6.
Pharmaceutics ; 13(11)2021 Oct 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1518625

ABSTRACT

Considering the high prevalence and the complex pharmacological management of immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs), the search for new therapeutic approaches for their treatment is vital. Although the immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been extensively studied as a potential therapy in this field, direct MSC implantation presents some limitations that could slow down the clinical translation. Since the beneficial effects of MSCs have been mainly attributed to their ability to secrete a plethora of bioactive factors, their secretome has been proposed as a new and promising pathway for the treatment of IMIDs. Formed from soluble factors and extracellular vesicles (EVs), the MSC-derived secretome has been proven to elicit immunomodulatory effects that control the inflammatory processes that occur in IMIDs. This article aims to review the available knowledge on the MSC secretome, evaluating the advances in this field in terms of its composition, production and application, as well as analyzing the pending challenges in the field. Moreover, the latest research involving secretome administration in IMIDs is discussed to provide an updated state-of-the-art for this field. Finally, novel secretome delivery alternatives are reviewed, paying special attention to hydrogel encapsulation as one of the most convenient and promising strategies.

7.
Cir Esp (Engl Ed) ; 99(9): 660-665, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1506383

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Proctologic issues entail a frequent reason for consultation in the emergency department (ED). We aim to analyze how the SARS-COV-2 pandemic has impacted in the demand for proctological consultations. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Descriptive comparative retrospective study of cross-sectional cohorts of patients attending the ED for proctological complaints from March to April in 2020 and 2019. Demographic variables, comorbidities, reasons for consultation and diagnosis, treatment and readmission were included. Four periods were analyzed according to the different stages of the pandemic derived limitations. RESULTS: A total of 191 patients were reviewed, 58 in 2020 and 133 in 2019 with an average age of 48 years (SD 20.1) and 112 (58.6%) males. The average number of daily consultations was 2.18 patients in 2019 versus 0.95 in 2020 (p=0.025) meaning a 56% reduction in consultations for proctological reasons. This difference in average consultations was significant in both periods of lockout (p=0.001) and previous de-escalation (p=0.014). The diagnosis distribution was similar between both periods; however, perianal abscesses doubled their rate in 2020, 22.4% versus 11.3% (p=0.045). There was an increasing need for surgery, 31% vs 15% (p=0.011) with no difference in outpatients regimen after emergency surgery (12.5% vs 7.5%, p=0.201). Three patients in 2020 required readmission to the ED (5.2% vs 12.9%, p=0.086). CONCLUSION: There was a decrease of a 56% in proctologic emergency consultation, however, the need for surgery was twice more frequent during the study period. Reflection on the use of emergencies for proctological reasons is warranted.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Cir Esp ; 2021 Oct 25.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1491841

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The SARS-COV-2 pandemic has affected training opportunities for healthcare professionals partly because face to face courses were cancelled. This study analiyzes the results of participation and satisfaction of the AEC Virtual Classroom sessions during the first yearMethods: The AEC Virtual Classroom includes a combined format of weekly webinar broadcast live that can be viewed on a delayed basis in a virtual platform. In this study, the results in its first year are evaluated considering the number of live participants, the delayed views and the global reach; as well as the results of the satisfaction survey in each of the sessions (0-10)Results: From 16/04/2020 to 15/04/2021, 50 sessions of the Virtual Classroom AEC were held. The average scope of the sessions was 509±288 views with a range between 196 and 149. At the times of highest incidence of cases during the pandemic, a decrease in live participants was observed 275±135 vs 391±233 (p=0,032) The mean score on the format was 8,46± 0,31/10. The best-scored sessions were those of the subject related to coloproctology with a statistically significant difference in the mean score 8,79±0,42 vs 8,39±0,27 (p=0,035). 90% of users considered the sessions useful. 97,2% of respondents believe that the sessions should be maintained after the pandemic. CONCLUSION: The AEC virtual Classroom has had a very good results in the first year, proving to be a useful surgical teaching tool that will foreseeably survive once the pandemic is over.

9.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(20)2021 10 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1470831

ABSTRACT

Participation of pregnant women in clinical trials entails challenges mainly related to concerns about the risks for fetuses. We undertook a qualitative study from June to October 2020 to assess the acceptability of participating in COVID-19 clinical trials among pregnant women in Spain. Phenomenology and grounded theory were used as methodological approaches. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 24 pregnant women and six healthcare providers. Women were unsure if pregnancy was a risk factor to acquire the infection or to develop severe disease and expressed the limited information they had received, which led to uncertainties and emotional suffering. They had concerns regarding participation in clinical trials on COVID-19, regardless of the drug under study. Healthcare providers alluded to the importance of involving pregnant women's relatives at the recruitment visit of the clinical trial. These findings may be useful to facilitate pregnant women's participation in clinical trials.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pregnant Women , Clinical Trials as Topic , Female , Health Personnel , Humans , Patient Participation , Pregnancy , Qualitative Research , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 44(1): 127-130, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1415750

ABSTRACT

RESEARCH QUESTION: Is there an association between SARS-CoV-2 infection and first-trimester miscarriage? DESIGN: This multicentre prospective study included a cohort of women with first-trimester miscarriages registered consecutively by seven Spanish hospitals where universal PCR screening for SARS-CoV-2 infection was implemented with both miscarriages and deliveries. The incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection among women with first-trimester miscarriages was compared with the rate registered in women on admission to the delivery ward within the same time frame using a mixed-effects Poisson regression analysis, considering 'hospital' as random effect. The characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 positive and negative patients who miscarried were compared through two-sided univariable analyses. RESULTS: A total of 301 miscarriages were registered, 11 (3.7%) to SARS-CoV-2 infected and 290 to non-infected women. In the same time frame as the miscarriages, 1936 deliveries were registered, 44 [2.3%] of them were SARS-CoV-2 infected. No differences in terms of SARS-CoV-2 infection incidence were observed between infected miscarriages and infected deliveries (P = 0.233). Regarding the differences observed between miscarriages in SARS-CoV-2 positive and negative women, more inevitable miscarriages occurred in the group of infected women (36.4% versus 16.5% in non-infected women; P = 0.004), and there was greater surgical management of miscarriages (27.3% versus 8.2% in non-infected women; P = 0.036), probably in line with the greater number of inevitable miscarriages observed in this group. CONCLUSIONS: No association between SARS-CoV-2 infection and risk of first-trimester miscarriage was observed; however, the type of miscarriage seems to differ between SARS-CoV-2 positive and negative women, with inevitable miscarriage being more frequent among infected women.


Subject(s)
Abortion, Spontaneous/virology , COVID-19/complications , Adolescent , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain/epidemiology , Young Adult
11.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(8)2021 04 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1378334

ABSTRACT

This study explored the general and oral health perceptions in the Venezuelan immigrant population in Medellín (Colombia) and its conditioning factors. A qualitative study involving Venezuelan immigrants ≥18 years with a minimum stay of six months in Colombia was conducted. Dentists, dental students, and other health professionals also participated. Semi-structured interviews (n = 17), focus groups (n = 2), and key informants' interviews (n = 4) were utilized. The interviews and focus groups were recorded and transcribed for later narrative content analysis. A high degree of vulnerability of participants was found due to the precarious living conditions from the premigratory moment and the lack of job placement possibilities at the time of settling in Colombia, where the migratory status played a fundamental role. Among the perceived needs, the mitigation of noncommunicable diseases stood out. Poor mental health symptoms (depression and anxiety) were perceived, and oral health was not a priority. Barriers to accessing health and dental care were found. The migrant condition was found to be a determinant that affected physical, mental, and oral health and the provision of health care. This situation is of interest to the construction of public health policies that guarantee access to fundamental rights.


Subject(s)
Emigrants and Immigrants , Colombia , Focus Groups , Health Services Accessibility , Humans , Perception , Qualitative Research
12.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 10(5): e26431, 2021 May 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1304546

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to worldwide implementation of unprecedented restrictions to control its rapid spread and mitigate its impact. The Spanish government has enforced social distancing, quarantine, and home confinement measures. Such restrictions on activities of daily life and separation from loved ones may lead to social isolation and loneliness with health-related consequences among community-dwelling older adults with mild cognitive impairment or mild dementia and their caregivers. Additionally, inadequate access to health care and social support services may aggravate chronic conditions. Home-based technological interventions have emerged for combating social isolation and loneliness, while simultaneously preventing the risk of virus exposure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cohort study is to explore, analyze, and determine the impact of social isolation on (1) cognition, quality of life, mood, technophilia, and perceived stress among community-dwelling older adults with mild cognitive impairment or mild dementia and on the caregiver burden; (2) access to and utilization of health and social care services; and (3) cognitive, social, and entertainment-related uses of information and communication technologies. METHODS: This study will be conducted in Málaga (Andalucía, Spain). In total 200 dyads, consisting of a person with mild cognitive impairment or mild dementia and his/her informal caregiver, will be contacted by telephone. Potential respondents will be participants of the following clinical trials: support, monitoring, and reminder technology for mild dementia (n=100) and television-based assistive integrated service to support European adults living with mild dementia or mild cognitive impairment (n=100). RESULTS: As of May 2021, a total of 153 participants have been enrolled and assessed during COVID-19 confinement, of whom 67 have been assessed at 6 months of enrollment. Changes in the mean values of the variables will be analyzed relative to baseline findings of previous studies with those during and after confinement, using repeated-measures analysis of variance or the nonparametric Friedman test, as appropriate. The performance of multivariate analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) to introduce potential covariates will also be considered. Values of 95% CI will be used. CONCLUSIONS: If our hypothesis is accepted, these findings will demonstrate the negative impact of social isolation owing to COVID-19 confinement on cognition, quality of life, mood, and perceived stress among community-dwelling older adults with mild cognitive impairment and mild dementia, the impact on technophilia, caregiver burden, the access to and utilization of health and social care services, and the cognitive, social, and entertainment-related use of information and communication technologies during and after COVID-19 confinement. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04385797; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04385797. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/26431.

13.
Mindfulness (N Y) ; : 1-11, 2021 May 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1240073

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The COVID-19 pandemic constitutes a global mental health challenge that has disrupted the lives of millions of people, with a considerable effect on university students. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a brief online Mindfulness and Compassion-based Intervention to promote mental health among first year university students during COVID-19 home confinement. METHODS: Participants (n=66) were first-year psychology students from a university in Spain with no prior meditation experience. Intervention lasted for 16 days and was designed ad-hoc. Using a pre-post within-subjects design, feasibility was assessed in five domains (acceptability, satisfaction, implementation, practicality, and limited efficacy testing). Participants completed both baseline and post-intervention assessments of perceived stress, anxiety, and self-compassion. RESULTS: The intervention showed to be feasible in all domains evaluated. It was implemented as planned with constrained resources, and limited efficacy testing showed promising results. After the intervention, stress and anxiety levels decreased significantly (p<0.001, Hedges's g=0.5146; p<0.001, Hedges's g=0.6068, respectively) whereas self-compassion levels were augmented significantly (p<0.001, Hedges's g=0.6968). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that a brief online mindfulness and compassion intervention may be a feasible way of promoting mental health among university students during COVID-19 lockdown. Further studies are required to address the limitations of the present study. We conclude that online interventions may constitute a promising pathway to buffer the mental health burden derived from the COVID-19 pandemic.

14.
Surg Innov ; 29(1): 35-43, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1181067

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The pandemic produced by SARS-CoV-2 has obliged us to set up the tele-assistance to offer a continuity of care. This implies an innovation, being the degree of satisfaction of patients unknown. Methods: A telephonic survey was conducted with the validated in the Spanish tool Telehealth Usability Questionnaire (Telehealth Usability Questionnaire; rating from 1-7) of all candidate patients assisted consecutively in the Coloproctology Unit. We included demographic variables, education level, job status, diagnosis and consultation type. A descriptive study was done. The relationship between the willingness of consultation model in the future (telemedicine vs traditional) and the categorical variables was analysed through the chi-squared test. Results: A total of 115 patients were included. The average age was 59.9 years, being 60% women. The average score in each of the survey items was higher than 6 in all the questions but 1. 26.1% of the surveyed patients confessed being advocated to tele-assistance in the future. The only factors related to greater willingness to tele-assistance were male gender (37% vs 18.8%; P = .03) and a higher academic preparation level in favour of higher technical studies (35.9%) and university studies (32.4%) opposite to the rest (P = .043). The rest of variables studied, job status, labour regimen, diagnostic group and consultation type did not show any relationship. Conclusions: A vast majority of patients answered favourably to almost all the items of the survey. However, only 26.1% of them would choose a model of tele-assistance without restrictions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Colorectal Surgery , Remote Consultation , Telemedicine , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Patient Satisfaction , Personal Satisfaction , SARS-CoV-2 , Telephone
15.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 273, 2021 Apr 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1166895

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To determine whether severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2, the cause of COVID-19 disease) exposure in pregnancy, compared to non-exposure, is associated with infection-related obstetric morbidity. METHODS: We conducted a multicentre prospective study in pregnancy based on a universal antenatal screening program for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Throughout Spain 45 hospitals tested all women at admission on delivery ward using polymerase-chain-reaction (PCR) for COVID-19 since late March 2020. The cohort of positive mothers and the concurrent sample of negative mothers was followed up until 6-weeks post-partum. Multivariable logistic regression analysis, adjusting for known confounding variables, determined the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of the association of SARS-CoV-2 infection and obstetric outcomes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Preterm delivery (primary), premature rupture of membranes and neonatal intensive care unit admissions. RESULTS: Among 1009 screened pregnancies, 246 were SARS-CoV-2 positive. Compared to negative mothers (763 cases), SARS-CoV-2 infection increased the odds of preterm birth (34 vs 51, 13.8% vs 6.7%, aOR 2.12, 95% CI 1.32-3.36, p = 0.002); iatrogenic preterm delivery was more frequent in infected women (4.9% vs 1.3%, p = 0.001), while the occurrence of spontaneous preterm deliveries was statistically similar (6.1% vs 4.7%). An increased risk of premature rupture of membranes at term (39 vs 75, 15.8% vs 9.8%, aOR 1.70, 95% CI 1.11-2.57, p = 0.013) and neonatal intensive care unit admissions (23 vs 18, 9.3% vs 2.4%, aOR 4.62, 95% CI 2.43-8.94, p <  0.001) was also observed in positive mothers. CONCLUSION: This prospective multicentre study demonstrated that pregnant women infected with SARS-CoV-2 have more infection-related obstetric morbidity. This hypothesis merits evaluation of a causal association in further research.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Premature Birth/epidemiology , Adolescent , Adult , Case-Control Studies , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal/statistics & numerical data , Labor, Induced/statistics & numerical data , Logistic Models , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Pregnancy , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain/epidemiology , Young Adult
16.
Wellcome Open Res ; 5: 139, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1140800

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic caused >1 million infections during January-March 2020. There is an urgent need for reliable antibody detection approaches to support diagnosis, vaccine development, safe release of individuals from quarantine, and population lock-down exit strategies. We set out to evaluate the performance of ELISA and lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) devices. Methods: We tested plasma for COVID (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2; SARS-CoV-2) IgM and IgG antibodies by ELISA and using nine different LFIA devices. We used a panel of plasma samples from individuals who have had confirmed COVID infection based on a PCR result (n=40), and pre-pandemic negative control samples banked in the UK prior to December-2019 (n=142). Results: ELISA detected IgM or IgG in 34/40 individuals with a confirmed history of COVID infection (sensitivity 85%, 95%CI 70-94%), vs. 0/50 pre-pandemic controls (specificity 100% [95%CI 93-100%]). IgG levels were detected in 31/31 COVID-positive individuals tested ≥10 days after symptom onset (sensitivity 100%, 95%CI 89-100%). IgG titres rose during the 3 weeks post symptom onset and began to fall by 8 weeks, but remained above the detection threshold. Point estimates for the sensitivity of LFIA devices ranged from 55-70% versus RT-PCR and 65-85% versus ELISA, with specificity 95-100% and 93-100% respectively. Within the limits of the study size, the performance of most LFIA devices was similar. Conclusions: Currently available commercial LFIA devices do not perform sufficiently well for individual patient applications. However, ELISA can be calibrated to be specific for detecting and quantifying SARS-CoV-2 IgM and IgG and is highly sensitive for IgG from 10 days following first symptoms.

17.
Cirugía Española (English Edition) ; 2021.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1095909

ABSTRACT

The SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic requires an analysis in the field of oncological surgery, both on the risk of infection, with very relevant clinical consequences, and on the need to generate plans to minimize the impact on possible restrictions on health resources. The AEC is making a proposal for the management of patients with hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) malignancies in the different pandemic scenarios in order to offer the maximum benefit to patients, minimising the risks of COVID-19 infection, and optimising the healthcare resources available at any time. This requires the coordination of the different treatment options between the departments involved in the management of these patients: medical oncology, radiotherapy oncology, surgery, anaesthesia, radiology, endoscopy department and intensive care. The goal is offer effective treatments, adapted to the available resources, without compromising patients and healthcare professionals’ safety. Resumen La pandemia por SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) obliga a una reflexión en el ámbito de la cirugía oncológica, tanto sobre el riesgo de infección, de consecuencias clínicas muy relevantes, como sobre la necesidad de generar planes para minimizar el impacto sobre las posibles restricciones de los recursos sanitarios. La AEC hace una propuesta de manejo de pacientes con neoplasias hepatobiliopancreáticas (HBP) en los distintos escenarios de pandemia, con el objetivo de ofrecer el máximo beneficio a los pacientes y minimizar el riesgo de infección por COVID-19, optimizando a su vez los recursos disponibles en cada momento. Para ello es preciso la coordinación de los diferentes tratamientos entre los servicios implicados: oncología médica, oncología radioterápica, cirugía, anestesia, radiología, endoscopia y cuidados intensivos. El objetivo es ofrecer tratamientos eficaces, adaptándonos a los recursos disponibles, sin comprometer la seguridad de los pacientes y los profesionales.

18.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(4)2021 02 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1090349

ABSTRACT

There is a growing interest in determining which variables contribute to students' academic performance, since this performance is associated with their wellbeing and with the progress of the nation. This study analyzed whether different variables (executive functions and physical activity levels, gender and academic year) of 177 Spanish Compulsory Secondary School students contributed to their academic performance. The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function 2 (BRIEF-2), Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQ-A) and an ad hoc questionnaire were used to determine the students' executive functioning, physical activity level, gender and academic year, respectively. Students' grades were considered to be indicators of their academic achievement. Seven multiple linear regression models were constructed using the R computing language to examine the association between academic achievement (considered in each of the 5 subjects: Language, Mathematics, Geography and History, English and Physical Education; the mean of the instrumental subjects-Language and Mathematics-and the mean of all the subjects) and the independent variables. The results indicated that executive functions, physical activity and gender contributed to academic performance, but academic year did not. This suggests that students with good executive functions, who perform physical activity and are female, would have better academic achievement. This information should be considered when designing interventions to improve student academic achievement.


Subject(s)
Academic Success , Executive Function , Adolescent , Exercise , Female , Humans , Language , Male , Schools , Students
19.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 113(2): 98-102, 2021 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1068090

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 has altered the usual practice of medicine and the state of emergency declared in Spain on March 14th has considerably changed the activity of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) units. The aim of this study was to evaluate the consequences of COVID-19 on the IBD Unit's activity and provide information on restructuring with available resources. METHODS: an observational study was performed in a referral hospital in Madrid (Spain). Type of appointment, loss of follow-up, hospital admission, treatment changes, endoscopic activity, surgeries and blood tests were evaluated between March 15th and May 15th, 2020. This data was compared with the usual activity a year before. RESULTS: among the 510 patients included, 476 (93.33 %) received had a remote consultation, representing an increase of 92.38 % compared with the previous year (0.95 %). There was a loss of follow-up in 26 patients (5.1 %) vs 15 (3.58 %) the previous year. A total of 60 (35.09 %) blood tests, 64 (76.19 %) endoscopies and all scheduled surgeries were suspended. Besides, 484 (94.9 %) patients remained adherent vs 417/419 (99.5 %) in the pre-pandemic period and 48 (9.41 %) reported symptoms of an IBD flare. Thirty-nine (7.6 %) patients developed symptoms suggestive of COVID-19. CONCLUSION: a large number of tests and on-site outpatient visit consultations were suspended. However, a rapid adaptation to telemedicine allowed these patients to be closely followed up. Although it was possible to maintain therapeutic compliance, with a loss to follow-up slightly higher than the previous year, suspensions and delays of tests could have significant negative consequences in the long term.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/therapy , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Delivery of Health Care , Female , Hospital Units , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spain/epidemiology
20.
Viruses ; 13(1)2021 Jan 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1067777

ABSTRACT

Around two percent of asymptomatic women in labor test positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in Spain. Families and care providers face childbirth with uncertainty. We determined if SARS-CoV-2 infection at delivery among asymptomatic mothers had different obstetric outcomes compared to negative patients. This was a multicenter prospective study based on universal antenatal screening for SARS-CoV-2 infection. A total of 42 hospitals tested women admitted for delivery using polymerase chain reaction, from March to May 2020. We included positive mothers and a sample of negative mothers asymptomatic throughout the antenatal period, with 6-week postpartum follow-up. Association between SARS-CoV-2 and obstetric outcomes was evaluated by multivariate logistic regression analyses. In total, 174 asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 positive pregnancies were compared with 430 asymptomatic negative pregnancies. No differences were observed between both groups in key maternal and neonatal outcomes at delivery and follow-up, with the exception of prelabor rupture of membranes at term (adjusted odds ratio 1.88, 95% confidence interval 1.13-3.11; p = 0.015). Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 positive mothers have higher odds of prelabor rupture of membranes at term, without an increase in perinatal complications, compared to negative mothers. Pregnant women testing positive for SARS-CoV-2 at admission for delivery should be reassured by their healthcare workers in the absence of symptoms.


Subject(s)
Asymptomatic Infections/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Adolescent , Adult , COVID-19/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnant Women , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Spain/epidemiology , Young Adult
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