Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 4 de 4
Filter
1.
Ann Ig ; 34(5): 478-489, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1954748

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The severe acute respiratory syndrome (COVID-19) due to SARS-CoV-2 was first reported in China in December 2019 and has generated a worldwide pandemic. The objective of the research is to examine and describe (a) the symptoms that persist after the end of the acute stage and (b) their relationship with the severity of the disease. Study Design: This study is a cross-sectional study conducted in the Kingdom of Bahrain on COVID-19 infected patients using an online survey questionnaire with a total number of 52 patient responses (29 females and 23 males). Method: A scale (0 no symptoms to 10 very high symptoms intensity) was assessed in patients after 3 months to detect the relevance of specific symptoms post-COVID-19 such as emotional and physical health, headache, dyspnoea, pain (muscles/joints/chest), anosmia, vertigo, neurologic symptoms, sarcopenia, delirium. Results: The most common COVID-19 symptoms were reported to be fever (69.2%), headache (59.6%), and cough (50.0%). Data analysis showed that BMI was not correlated with any post-acute COVID-19 symptoms. Regarding the post-acute COVID-19 symptoms, this study showed that an increase of intensity of headache was associated with an increase of delirium; an increase of intensity of dyspnoea was associated with an increase of pulmonary dysfunction. The increase of anosmia and dysgeusia was associated with an increase in delirium. In addition, the increase of neurological symptoms and delirium were associated with the increase of sarcopenia. The most common persistent post-COVID-19 symptoms observed in this study were emotional stress, followed by loss of smell and taste, and neurological symptoms. Conclusions: Therefore, follow-up and rehabilitation care for COVID-19 patients must be focused on addressing the needs of these people in the longer term.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Delirium , Sarcopenia , Anosmia , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Female , Headache/epidemiology , Headache/etiology , Humans , Male , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Ann Ig ; 34(4): 398-409, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1893301

ABSTRACT

Background: The severe, acute respiratory syndrome COVID-19 that was first reported in China in December 2019 quickly became a global pandemic that has resulted in over 100 million infections and more than 2 million deaths. Study Design: This study aimed to assess the awareness level of university students regarding the possibility of becoming infected with COVID-19. In order to achieve this objective, we assessed the students' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors using an online survey questionnaire offered to a total of 300 students. Results: A positive response regarding awareness of COVID-19 symptoms was registered by more than 70% of the students, whereas 62% felt that wearing a mask did not give full protection against infection, approximately 30% agreed that antibiotics and antivirals did not treat COVID-19, and 62% agreed that vitamin C was helpful in treating common symptoms of COVID-19. Moreover, around 31% of the students believed that COVID-19 is a man-made virus. Students who had gotten infected with SARS-CoV-2 believed that wearing a mask gives full protection (p=0.018). In response to survey questions related to attitude, 80% of students cancelled and postponed meetings with friends, and 90% agreed that mask-wearing is the most precautionary measure used to prevent the infection. In addition, 82% avoided coughing in public, 82% avoided contact if they felt flu-like symptoms and 80% washed their hands far more often due to the pandemic. Interestingly, 76% carried hand sanitizer, 66.5% avoided shaking hands, and 42.7% were taking vitamin C supplements. Conclusions: This study showed that the participants had a positive awareness of COVID-19 transmission, symptoms, and treatments misconceptions and mistaken beliefs related to treatments and the origin of the virus were also common and should be addressed. This study thus provides a baseline for a population-based surveillance program that could help local authorities to improve pandemic preparation plans, particularly with regard to governmental education and media campaigns.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Ascorbic Acid , Bahrain , COVID-19/prevention & control , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires , Universities
3.
Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences ; 28(1):225-233, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1246678

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a communicable disease caused by a recently discovered coronavirus. The disease was first reported in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019 and has resulted in 1.71 million global deaths and over 77 million infections. Common symptoms of the disease include fever, dry cough, and fatigue. This literature review aims to summarize the following topics: review the clinical trials conducted on nine COVID-19 vaccines and follow their efficacy and modes of action through the three stages of the vaccine clinical development process. The analysis follows the individual vaccines through the three trials, examining and analysing drawn results to identify their capacity to contain severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2). Four COVID-19 vaccines have been approved for use in different parts of the world and many other vaccines are under clinical trials 1, 2 and 3. In conclusion, these vaccines which are under clinical trials provide a great hope to fight against COVID-19 in near future. © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group on behalf of the University of Bahrain.

4.
Proc. Eur. Conf. e-Learn., ECEL ; 2020-October:438-444, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-995226

ABSTRACT

The nine months formative education program focussing on software development for the Apple technology ecosystem offered at University of Naples Federico II (Italy) utilises the Challenge Based Learning (CBL) methodology. As a collaborative and self-guided, inquiry-based learning method, it focuses on intrinsic motivation of learners, working on real world problems organised in projects (Challenges in CBL) with an experiential and progressive approach to apply acquired knowledge to build innovative digital products. For academic year 2019/2020 the authors introduced a narrative layer for the program's learning experience design (Recke & Perna 2020a), following not a conceptual-logical but a temporal and experiential scheme and therefore an interconnected sequence of narratively driven Challenges. As universities remained closed for months during the 2020 COVID-19 crisis, the current program's design was transformed towards distance learning, while keeping the overall structure of narratively driven experience progression intact. Beyond considerations for remote collaboration, personalised learning, peer-feedback and peer-assessment, the authors present the narrative experience design and adaptation of the program's experiential learning approach in remote learning scenarios with strong emphasis on fostering learner's ownership, self- and co-regulated learning, intrinsic motivation and affective driven learning progression within a remotely connected communal learning environment of ~400 people. Drawing upon findings for remote learning and experiential e-learning presented by scholars, the paper contributes to the discussion on experiential learning in remote and online learning scenarios by showing how combining narrative elements with experiential e-learning principles in the context of Challenges Based Learning can result in increased engagement, motivation and sense of community in learners. It also presents how the aspect of individual portfolio building through teachable artefacts that rely on learner's proficiency through teaching others embeds an additional layer of real-world professional experience to the formative program. © 2020 Academic Conferences Limited. All rights reserved.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL