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Journal of Clinical Oncology ; 40(16), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2005689


Background: Rituximab (anti-CD20 Ab) is the cornerstone of the treatment of non-Hodgkin B lymphomas. Infusion-related reactions (IRR) are the most common adverse effects. To reduce them, intravenous premedication with antihistamine and acetaminophen is administered prior to rituximab. If no IRR after first infusion, subsequent infusions time takes 3-6 hours. Many centers use the rapid 90-minute infusion (off-label). Since 2017 subcutaneous rituximab formulation is available, that takes 5 minutes of administration. Nevertheless, in order to reduce cost, due to approval of biosimilars, some health providers continue using intravenous rituximab. On the other hand, with COVID pandemic, an effort to reduce visits and day-care hospitals stays has been made. In the current situation, it would be convenient to reduce day-care stay and the nursing care burden. We wanted to evaluate the safety of an ultrarapid infusion of biosimilar rituximab in a total time of 30 minutes by analyzing IRR and adverse events (AE). Methods: Since November 2021, 3 cohorts of ultrafast infusion have been studied as follows: One cohort (Cohort 1) with intravenous premedication with dexchlorpheniramine and acetaminophen, followed by rituximab infusion over 1 hour, and 2 cohorts with rituximab infusion over 30 minutes: Cohort 2: with intravenous premedication, and cohort 3 with oral premedication. IRR and adverse events have been independently reviewed and graded using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 5.0 (November 27, 2017). Results: 34 patients have been included receiving 48 rituximab infusions (16 infusions in each cohort). Median age was 64 years old (range: 51-91). Diagnostic of NHL were as follows: large b cell: 10;follicular: 13;marginal: 7;mantle cell: 1, Waldeström: 1;Ritcher transformation: 2. Rituximab infusion was in monotherapy (21), and in combination (27) with: bendamustine: 9, CHOP: 17, GEMOX: 1. Considering safety, no IRR has been observed in cohort 1 (1 hour infusion), and 1 IRR grade II in cohort 3 (30 minutes, oral premedication). Other AE were: hypertension grade I and hypotension grade I, both in cohort 2. Conclusions: Ultrarapid rituximab infusion is safe. Oral premedication is feasibly allowing a total infusion time of 30 minutes. This infusion rate alleviates day-care burden saving between 75-90% of time in each rituximab infusion, reduce day-care stay and is comfortable for the patients.

Journal of Clinical Oncology ; 39(15 SUPPL), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1339211


Background: Tafasitamab is a humanized, Fcmodified anti-CD19 monoclonal antibody that enhances antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and phagocytosis. It is FDAapproved with LEN for adult patients (pts) with relapsed/refractory (R/R) DLBCL ineligible for autologous stem cell transplantation. FirstMIND (NCT04134936) is a Phase Ib, open-label, randomized study of tafa + R-CHOP or tafa + LEN + R-CHOP in newly diagnosed DLBCL. Methods: Eligible pts were ≥18 years, treatmentnaïve, with histologically confirmed DLBCL not otherwise specified, international prognostic index (IPI) 2-5 and ECOG performance status (PS) 0-2. Pts with known double-or triple-hit and transformed lymphoma were excluded. Treatment (Tx) comprised six 21-day cycles of tafa (12 mg/kg IV, Day [D] 1, 8, 15) + R-CHOP (arm A) or tafa (12 mg/kg IV, D1, 8, 15) + LEN (25 mg orally, D1-10) + R-CHOP (arm B). G-CSF and VTE prophylaxis was mandatory. Primary objective is safety;secondary objectives are ORR, PET-CR rate at end of Tx, PFS, long-term safety, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity. Results: From Dec 2019 to Aug 2020, 83 pts were screened in Europe and the US;66 were randomized (33 per arm). Data cut-off for this analysis: 9 Dec 2020;study is ongoing. Median age was 64.5 years (range 20-86). Overall, 30% (20/66) of pts were ≥70 years and many had high-risk disease: IPI 2 29%, IPI 3 46%, IPI 4 26%. ECOG PS: 47% of pts were ECOG PS 0, 44% PS 1, 9% PS 2. Most pts had stage III/IV disease (92%);46% had bulky disease. All pts experienced a treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE). Grade ≥3 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia occurred in 54.5% and 12.1% (arm A) and 66.7% and 30.3% (arm B) of pts, respectively (Table). Serious TEAEs occurred in 42.4% (arm A) and 51.5% (arm B) of pts. There were three deaths, unrelated to tafa and/or LEN (sepsis, urosepsis, and COVID-19 pneumonia). R-CHOP dose intensity was maintained in both arms. Among 60 pts who completed tumor assessments after cycle 3, ORR was 89.7% (arm A) and 93.5% (arm B). Conclusions: These data suggest R-CHOP + tafa or tafa + LEN is tolerable in pts with Tx-naïve DLBCL and that R-CHOP dosing is not affected. Toxicities are similar to those expected with R-CHOP or R-CHOP + LEN. Updated safety and early efficacy data will be presented at the conference.