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medrxiv; 2023.
Preprint in English | medRxiv | ID: ppzbmed-10.1101.2023.03.21.23287410


Background: Convenient administration of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) treatment in community settings is desirable. Sotrovimab is a pan-sarbecovirus dual-action monoclonal antibody formulated for intravenous (IV) or intramuscular (IM) administration for early treatment of mild/moderate COVID-19. Methods: This phase 3, randomized, multicenter, open-label study tested non-inferiority of IM to IV administration using a 3.5% absolute non-inferiority margin. From June to August 2021, patients aged [≥]12 years with COVID-19, not hospitalized or receiving supplemental oxygen, and at high risk for progression were randomized 1:1:1 to a single 500-mg IV sotrovimab infusion or 500-mg or 250-mg IM sotrovimab injection. The primary composite endpoint was progression to all-cause hospitalization for >24 hours for acute management of illness or all-cause death through day 29. Results: Sotrovimab 500 mg IM was non-inferior to 500 mg IV: 10/376 (2.7%) participants in the sotrovimab 500-mg IM group versus 5/378 (1.3%) in the sotrovimab 500-mg IV group met the primary endpoint (absolute adjusted risk difference: 1.06% [95% confidence interval [CI]: -1.15%, 3.26%]). The CI upper limit was lower than the prespecified non-inferiority margin of 3.5%. 250-mg IM group enrollment was discontinued early because a greater proportion of hospitalizations was seen in that group versus the 500-mg groups. Serious adverse events occurred in <1% to 2% of participants across groups. Four participants experienced serious disease related events and died (500 mg IM: 2/393 [<1%]; 250 mg IM: 2/195 [1%]). Conclusions: Sotrovimab 500-mg IM injection was well tolerated and non-inferior to IV administration. IM administration could expand outpatient treatment access for COVID-19.

Death , COVID-19
medrxiv; 2021.
Preprint in English | medRxiv | ID: ppzbmed-10.1101.2021.12.21.21268197


Understanding who is at risk of progression to severe COVID-19 is key to effective treatment. We studied correlates of disease severity in the COMET-ICE clinical trial that randomized 1:1 to placebo or to sotrovimab, a monoclonal antibody for the treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Several laboratory parameters identified study participants at greater risk of severe disease, including a high neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), a negative SARS-CoV-2 serologic test and whole blood transcriptome profiles. Sotrovimab treatment in these groups was associated with normalization of NLR and the transcriptomic profile, and with a decrease of viral RNA in nasopharyngeal samples. Transcriptomics provided the most sensitive detection of participants who would go on to be hospitalized or die. To facilitate timely measurement, we identified a 10-gene signature with similar predictive accuracy. In summary, we identified markers of risk for disease progression and demonstrated that normalization of these parameters occurs with antibody treatment of established infection.

medrxiv; 2021.
Preprint in English | medRxiv | ID: ppzbmed-10.1101.2021.05.27.21257096


Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) disproportionately results in hospitalization and death in older patients and those with underlying comorbidities. Sotrovimab is a pan-sarbecovirus monoclonal antibody designed to treat such high-risk patients early in the course of disease, thereby preventing Covid-19 progression. Methods: In this ongoing, multicenter, double-blind, phase 3 trial, nonhospitalized patients with symptomatic Covid-19 and at least one risk factor for disease progression were randomized (1:1) to an intravenous infusion of sotrovimab 500 mg or placebo. The primary efficacy endpoint was the proportion of patients with Covid-19 progression, defined as hospitalization longer than 24 hours or death, through day 29. Results: In this preplanned interim analysis, which included an intent-to-treat population of 583 patients (sotrovimab, 291; placebo, 292), the primary efficacy endpoint was met. The risk of Covid-19 progression was significantly reduced by 85% (97.24% confidence interval, 44% to 96%; P = 0.002) with a total of three (1%) patients progressing to the primary endpoint in the sotrovimab group versus 21 (7%) patients in the placebo group. All five patients admitted to intensive care, including one who died by day 29, received placebo. Safety was assessed in 868 patients (sotrovimab, 430; placebo, 438). Adverse events were reported by 17% and 19% of patients receiving sotrovimab and placebo, respectively; serious adverse events were less common with sotrovimab (2%) versus placebo (6%). Conclusion: Sotrovimab reduced progression of Covid-19 in patients with mild/moderate disease, was well tolerated, and no safety signals were identified. Funded by Vir Biotechnology, Inc. and GlaxoSmithKline; NCT04545060

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Death , COVID-19